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2013年上海市高考英语试卷及答案完美解析(word版)


2012-2013 学年上海市高考英语试卷
考生注意: 1. 考试时间 120 分钟,试卷满分 150 分。 2. 本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第 I 卷(第 1-12 页)和第 II 卷(第 13 页) ,全卷共 13 页。 所有答题必须涂(选择题)或写(非选择题)在答题纸上,做在试卷上一律不得分。 3. 答题前,务必在答题纸上填写准考证号和姓名,并将核对后的条形码贴在指定位置上,在答题纸反面 清楚地填写姓名。 第Ⅰ卷(共 105 分) I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. A basketball player. C. A window washer. 2. A. She is not hungry. C. She is not tired. 3. A. Promising. B. Isolated B. A laundry worker. D. A rock climber B. She wants to cook. D. She wants to dine out. C. Crowded. B. To a gymnasium. D. To a news stand. B. The food is not tasty enough. D. The food is worth the price. B. She also finds the book difficult to read. D. She knows well how to remember names. B. The post office is closed for the day. D. The delivery boy has been dismissed. B. She will skip the class to see the film. D. She does not want to see a film. B. School learning is a must for fashion designers. D. The woman should become a fashion designer. B. Drivers usually obey traffic rules. D. The police stop most drivers for speeding
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D. Modern

4. A. To a stationery shop. C. To a paint store. 5. A. The man can see a different view. C. The man cannot afford the food. 6. A. She reads different kinds of books. C. She is impressed by the characters. 7. A. The man will go to the post office. C. The woman is expecting the newspaper. 8. A. She is not sure if she can join them. C. She will ask the professor for leave. 9. A. Fashion designing is a booming business. C. He hopes to attend a good fashion school. 10. A. Few people drive within the speed limit. C. The speed limit is really reasonable.

Section B Directions: In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. A book publisher. C. A magazine editor. 12. A. Some training experience. C. Russian assistants' help. 13. A. Lynn?s devotion to the family. C. Lynn?s great performance at work. B. A company manager. D. A school principal. B. A happy family. D. A good memory. B. Lynn?s busy and successful life. D. Lynn?s efficiency in conducting programs.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Economic questions. C. Academic questions. 15. A. Work experience. C. Problem-solving abilities. 16. A. Features of different types of interview. C. Changes in three interview models. B. Routine questions. D. Challenging questions. B. Educational qualifications. D. Information-gathering abilities. B. Skills in asking interview questions. D. Suggestions for different job interviews.

Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Latest Conference Information Date: Place: Registration fee: Speaker: Speech topic: 8th 17 Palace 18, Shanghai $ 19 Carla Marisco from MilanUniversity 2 Opportunities and Risks in the 20 Market

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. An Interview with David, a Skateboarding (滑板运动) Lover What was David's schoolwork like? What was his only problem at school? Why did he say the new headmaster He let students was wonderful? How was his new style different from It was robot-like, with other skaters? 24 . 23 of their own. He was able to get his schoolwork done He was unable to 22 in class. 21 .

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. — I?m looking for a nearby place for my holiday. Any good ideas? — How about the Moon Lake? It is ________ easy reach of the city. A. by B. beyond C. within D. from

26. Those who smoke heavily should remind ________ of health, the bad smell and the feelings of other people. A. theirs B. them C. themselves D. oneself

27. Bob called to tell his mother that he couldn?t enter the house, for he ________ his key at school. A. had left B. would leave C. was leaving D. has left

28. It?s a ________ clock, made of brass and dating from the nineteenth century. A. charming French small C. small French charming B. French small charming D. charming small French

29. The school board is made up of parents who ________ to make decisions about school affairs. A. had been elected C. have been elected B. had elected D. have elected
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30. They promised to develop a software package by the end of this year, ________ they might have. A. however difficult C. whatever difficulty B. how difficult D. what difficulty

31. The judges gave no hint of what they thought, so I left the room really ________. A. to be worried B. to worry C. having worried D. worried

32. The students are looking forward to having an opportunity ________ society for real-life experience. A. explore B. to explore C. exploring D. explored

33. I have no idea ________ the cell phone isn?t working, so could you fix it for me? A. what B. why C. if D. which

34. Young people may risk ________ deaf if they are exposed to very loud music every day. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone

35. Sophia got an e-mail ________ her credit card account number. A. asking for B. ask for C. asked for D. having asked for

36. I cannot hear the professor clearly as there is too much noise ________ I am sitting. A. before B. until C. unless D. where

37. ________ at the photos, illustrations, title and headings and you can guess what the reading is about. A. To look B. Looking C. Having looked D. Look

38. An ecosystem consists of the living and nonliving things in an area ________ interact with one another. A. that B. where C. who D. what

39. Among the crises that face humans ________ the lack of natural resources. A. is B. are C. is there D. are there

40. Some people care much about their appearance and always ask if they look fine in ________ they are wearing. A. that B. what C. how D. which

Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. restore F. locating composition B. recall G. instead C. processing H. fascinating D. previously I. elsewhere E. necessary J.

As infants, we can recognize our mothers within hours of birth. In fact, we can recognize the
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mother?s face well before we can recognize her body shape. It?s

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how the brain can carry out such a

function at such a young age, especially since we don?t learn to walk and talk until we are over a year old. By the time we are adults, we have the ability to distinguish around 100,000 faces. How can we remember so many faces when many of us find it difficult to 43 such a simple thing as a phone number? The exact process is not yet

fully understood, but research around the world has begun to define the specific areas of the brain and processes 44 for facial recognition. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe that they have succeeded in 45 a specific

area of the brain called the fusiform face area (FFA), which is used only for facial recognition. This means that recognition of familiar objects such as our clothes or cars, is from 46 in the brain. Researchers also have found 47 thought that we only

that the brain needs to see the whole face for recognition to take place. It had been

needed to see certain facial features. Meanwhile, research at University College London has found that facial recognition is not a single process, but 48 involves three steps. The first step appears to be an analysis of the

physical features of a person?s face, which is similar to how we scan the bar codes of our groceries. In the next step, the brain decides whether the face we are looking at is already known or unknown to us. And finally, the brain furnishes the information we have collected about the person whose face we are looking at. This complex 49 is done in a split second so that we can behave quickly when reacting to certain situations. (324 words)

III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Over the past few decades, more and more countries have opened up the markets, increasingly transforming the world economy into one free-flowing global market. The question is:Is economic globalization 50 for all? in

According to the World Bank, one of its chief supporters, economic globalization has helped reduce 51 a large number of developing countries. It quotes one study that shows increased wealth 52

to improved

education and longer life in twenty-four developing countries as a result of integration (融合) of local economies into the world economy. Home to some three billion people, these twenty-four countries have seen incomes at an average rate of five percent—compared to two percent in developed countries. Those who 54 globalization claim that economies in developing countries will benefit from new 55 , small farmers in Brazil who produce nuts that would
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opportunities for small and home-based businesses.

originally have sold only in

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open-air markets can now promote their goods worldwide by the Internet. 57 the gap between the

Critics take a different view, believing that economic globalization is actually

rich and poor. A study carried out by the U.N.-sponsored World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization shows that only a few developing countries have actually 58 from integration into the world 59 ,

economy and that the poor, the uneducated, unskilled workers, and native peoples have been left behind.

they maintain that globalization may eventually threaten emerging businesses. For example, Indian craftsmen who currently seem to benefit from globalization because they are able to competition that could pot them out of 60 their products may soon face fierce

61 . When large-scale manufacturers start to produce the same goods, 62 and will be

or when superstores like Wal-Mart move in, these small businesses will not be able to crowded out. One thing is certain about globalization—there is no 63

. Advances in technology combined with more 64 now is finding a way to create a kind of (347 words)

open policies have already created an interconnected world. The globalization that works for the benefit of all.

50. A. possible 51. A. crime 52. A. contributing 53. A. remain 54. A. doubt 55. A. In addition 56. A. mature 57. A. finding 58. A. suffered 59. A. Furthermore 60. A. consume 61. A. trouble 62. A. keep up 63. A. taking off 64. A. agreement

B. smooth B. poverty B. responding B. drop B. define B. For instance B. new B. exploring B. profited B. Therefore B. deliver B. business B. come in B. getting along B. prediction

C. good C. conflict C. turning C. shift C. advocate C. In other words C. local C. bridging C. learned C. However C. export C. power C. go around C. holding out C. outcome

D. easy D. population D. owing D. increase D. ignore D. All in all D. foreign D. widening D. withdrawn D. Otherwise D. advertise D. mind D. help out D. turning back D. challenge

Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished
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statements.

For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best

according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A For some people, music is no fun at all. About four percent of the population is what scientists call “amusic.” People who are amusic are born without the ability to recognize or reproduce musical notes (音调). Amusic people often cannot tell the difference between two songs. Amusics can only hear the difference between two notes if they are very far apart on the musical scale. As a result, songs sound like noise to an amusic. Many amusics compare the sound of music to pieces of metal hitting each other. Life can be hard for amusics. Their inability to enjoy music set them apart from others. It can be difficult for other people to identify with their condition. In fact, most people cannot begin to grasp what it feels like to be amusic. Just going to a restaurant or a shopping mall can be uncomfortable or even painful. That is why many amusics intentionally stay away from places where there is music. However, this can result in withdrawal and social isolation. “I used to hate parties,” says Margaret, a seventy-year-old woman who only recently discovered that she was amusic. By studying people like Margaret, scientists are finally learning how to identify this unusual condition. Scientists say that the brains of amusics are different from the brains of people who can appreciate music. The difference is complex, and it doesn?t involve defective hearing. Amusics can understand other nonmusical sounds well. They also have no problems understanding ordinary speech. Scientists compare amusics to people who just can?t see certain colors. Many amusics are happy when their condition is finally diagnosed ( 诊断 ). For years, Margaret felt embarrassed about her problem with music. Now she knows that she is not alone. There is a name for her condition. That makes it easier for her to explain. “When people invite me to a concert, I just say, ?No thanks, I?m amusic,?” says Margaret. “I just wish I had learned to say that when I was seventeen and not seventy.” (335 words)

65. Which of the following is true of amusics? A. Listening to music is far from enjoyable for them. B. They love places where they are likely to hear music. C. They can easily tell two different songs apart. D. Their situation is well understood by musicians. 66. According to paragraph 3, a person with “defective hearing” is probably one who __________. A. dislikes listening to speeches B. can hear anything nonmusical
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C. has a hearing problem

D. lacks a complex hearing system

67. In the last paragraph, Margaret expressed her wish that __________. A. her problem with music had been diagnosed earlier B. she were seventeen years old rather than seventy C. her problem could be easily explained D. she were able to meet other amusics 68. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. Amusics? strange behaviours. C. Musical talent and brain structure. B. Some people?s inability to enjoy music. D. Identification and treatment of amusics.

B Home Laundry Automatic Dryer Product Full Two Year Warranty (保修) Limited Five Year Warranty on Cabinet(机箱) Warranty Provides for: FIRST TWO YEARS Amana will repair or replace any faulty part free of charge. THIRD THRU FIFTH YEARS Amana will provide a free replacement part for any cabinet which proves faulty due to rust (生锈)。 Warranty Limitations: ? Warranty begins at date of original purchase. ? Applies only to product used within the United States or in Canada if product is approved by Canadian Standards Association when shipped from factory. ? Products used on a commercial or rental basis not covered by this warranty. ? Service must be performed by an Amana servicer. ? Adjustments covered during first year only. Warranty Does Not Cover It If: ? Product has damage due to product alteration, connection to an improper electrical supply, shipping and handling, accident, fire, floods, lightning or other conditions beyond the control of Amana. ? Product is improperly installed or applied. Owner’s Responsibilities: ? Provide sales receipt. ?Normal care and maintenance. ? Having the product reasonably accessible for service. ? Pay for service calls related to product installation or usage instructions. ? Pay for extra service costs, over normal service charges, if servicer is requested to perform service outside servicer?s normal business hours. In no event shall Amana be responsible for consequential damages.﹡ *This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have others which vary from state to state. For example, some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.

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(268 words) 69. According to Warranty Limitations, a product can be under warranty if __________. A. shipped from a Canadian factory C. repaired by the user himself B. rented for home use D. used in the U.S.A.

70. According to Owner’s Responsibilities, an owner has to pay for __________. A. the loss of the sales receipt C. the product installation B. a servicer?s overtime work D. a mechanic?s transportation

71. Which of the following is true according to the warranty? A. Consequential damages are excluded across America. B. A product damaged in a natural disaster is covered by the warranty. C. A faulty cabinet due to rust can be replaced free in the second year. D. Free repair is available for a product used improperly in the first year.

C A team of engineers at Harvard University has been inspired by Nature to create the first robotic fly. The mechanical fly has become a platform for a series of new high-tech integrated systems. Designed to do what a fly does naturally, the tiny machine is the size of a fat housefly. Its mini wings allow it to stay in the air and perform controlled flight tasks. “It?s extremely important for us to think about this as a whole system and not just the sum of a bunch of individual components (元件),” said Robert Wood, the Harvard engineering professor who has been working on the robotic fly project for over a decade. A few years ago, his team got the go-ahead to start piecing together the components. “The added difficulty with a project like this is that actually none of those components are off the shelf and so we have to develop them all on our own,” he said. They engineered a series of systems to start and drive the robotic fly. “The seemingly simple system which just moves the wings has a number of interdependencies on the individual components, each of which individually has to perform well, but then has to be matched well to everything it?s connected to,” said Wood. The flight device
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was built into a set of power, computation, sensing and control systems. Wood says the success of the project proves that the flying robot with these tiny components can be built and manufactured. While this first robotic flyer is linked to a small, off-board power source, the goal is eventually to equip it with a built-in power source, so that it might someday perform data-gathering work at rescue sites, in farmers? fields or on the battlefield. “Basically it should be able to take off, land and fly around,” he said. Wood says the design offers a new way to study flight mechanics and control at insect-scale. Yet, the power, sensing and computation technologies on board could have much broader applications. “You can start thinking about using them to answer open scientific questions, you know, to study biology in ways that would be difficult with the animals, but using these robots instead,” he said. “So there are a lot of technologies and open interesting scientific questions that are really what drives us on a day to day basis.” (392 words) 72. The difficulty the team of engineers met with while making the robotic fly was that __________. A. they had no model in their mind C. they had no ready-made components B. they did not have sufficient time D. they could not assemble the components

73. It can be inferred from paragraphs 3 and 4 that the robotic fly __________. A. consists of a flight device and a control system B. can just fly in limited areas at the present time C. can collect information from many sources D. has been put into wide application 74. Which of the following can be learned from the passage? A. The robotic flyer is designed to learn about insects. B. Animals are not allowed in biological experiments. C. There used to be few ways to study how insects fly. D. Wood?s design can replace animals in some experiments. 75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Father of Robotic Fly C. Robotic Fly Imitates Real Life Insect B. Inspiration from Engineering Science D. Harvard Breaks Through in Insect Study

Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A—F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Healthy way of life giving way to overuse of medicine 10 B. Different findings as to taking additional vitamin

76. The use of health supplements such as multivitamin tablets has increased greatly in the western world. People take these supplements because advertising suggests that they prevent a range of medical conditions from developing. However, there is concern that people are consuming worryingly high doses of these supplements and the European Union (EU) has issued a directive that will ban the sale of a wide range of them. This EU directive should be supported. 77. Research suggests that people who take Vitamin C supplements of over 5000 milligrams a day are more likely to develop cancer. This shows how much damage these health supplements do to people?s health. A spokesman for the health supplement industry has argued that other research shows that Vitamin C supplements help prevent heart disease, but we can dismiss this evidence as it is from a biased source. 78. Science fiction of the 1960s and 1970s predicted that pills would replace meals as the way in which people would get the fuel they needed. This, it was argued, would mean a more efficient use of time as people wouldn?t have to waste it preparing or eating meals. The EU directive would help prevent this nightmare of pills replacing food becoming a reality. 79. Peop0le already take too many pills instead of adopting a healthier lifestyle. For example, the consumption of painkillers in Britain in 1998 was 21 tablets per year for every man, woman and child in the country. People do not need all these pills. 80. Some might argue that the EU directive denies people?s right to freedom of choice. However, there are many legal examples for such intervention when it is in the individual?s best interests. We now make people wear seatbelts rather than allowing them to choose to do so. Opposing the EU directive would mean beneficial measures like this would be threatened.
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Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

A study of more than five million books, both fiction and non-fiction, has found a marked decline in the use of emotional words over time. The researchers form the University of Bristol used Google Ngram Viewer, a facility for finding the frequency of terms in scanned books, to search for more than 600 particular words identified as representing anger, dislike, fear, joy, sadness and surprise. They found that almost all of the categories (类别) showed a drop in these “mood words” over time. Only in the category of fear was there an increase in usage. “It is a steady and continuous decrease,” said Dr Alberto Acerbi. He assumed that the result might be explained by a change in the position occupied by literature, in a crowded media landscape. “One thing could be that in parallel to books the 20th century saw the start of other media. Maybe these media—movies, radio, drama—had more emotional content than books.” Although both joy and sadness followed the general downwards trend, the research, published in the journal PLOS One, found that they also exhibited another interesting behaviour:the ratio (比率) between the two varied greatly, apparently mirroring historical events. During the Roaring Twenties the joy-to-sadness ratio reached a peak that would not occur again until before the recent financial crash. But the ratio plunged at the height of the Second World War. Nevertheless, the researchers held a reserved opinion about their claim that their result reflected wider social trends. In the paper, they even argue that the reverse could be true. “It has been suggested, for example, that it was the suppression (压抑) of desire in ordinary Elizabethan English life that increased demand for writing ?filled with romance and sex?… perhaps,” they conclude, “songs and books may not reflect the real population any more than catwalk models reflect the average body.”

(Note:Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 81. A study of more than five million books indicated a decline in “mood words” over time except _______________. 82. According to Dr Alberto Acerbi, one reason for the drop of “mood words” in books may be that _______________. 83. What were the two periods when the joy-to-sadness ratio was at its highest?
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84. While the researchers found some changes in the use of “mood words” in books, they were not sure that _______________.

第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分) I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1. 今年元旦我们玩得很开心。(enjoy)

2. 舅舅昨天寄给我一张卡片,祝贺我 18 岁生日。(congratulate)

3. 经过多年的建设,这个小镇现在和地震前一样充满了活力。(as...as)

4. 演出以一段五十多岁的人耳熟能详的经典音乐开始。(familiar)

5. 她一看完那个关于已灭绝物种的电视节目,就立志加入野生动物保护组织。(No sooner)

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

上海博物馆拟举办一次名画展,现就展出场所(博物馆还是社区图书馆)征集公众意见,假设你是王 敏,给上海博物馆写一封信表达你的想法。你的信必须满足以下要求: 1. 简述你写信的目的及你对场所的选择; 2. 说明你的理由(从便利性,专业性等方面对这两个场所进行对比) 。
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2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(上海卷) 英语试题参考答案 第I卷

第一大题第 1 至第 10 小题,每题 1 分;第 11 至第 16 小题,每题 2 分;第 17 至第 24 小题,每题 1 分, 共 30 分。 1—5 CDBAD 17. November / Nov. 21. with good grades 6—10 BCABA 18. Centre / Center 22. sit still 11—16 DDBBCA 19. 850 23. plan /create PE classes 20. African 24. new tricks

第二大题每小题,共 25 分 25 C 41—45 JHBEF 26—30 CADCC 46—49 IDGC 31—35 DBBCA 36—40 DDAAB

第三大题第 50 至 64 小题,每题 1 分;每 65 至 75 小题,每题 2 分;第 76 至 80 小题,每题 1 分;第 81 至 84 小题,每题 2 分。共 50 分。 50 C 65—68 ACAB 51—55 BADCB 69—71 DBC 56—60 CDBAC 72—75 CBDC 61—64 BADD 76—80 CBFAE

81. in the category of fear 82. the literary position has changed in a crowded media landscape / other media—movies, radio, drama— had more emotional content 83. During the roaring Twenties and before the recent financial crash. 84. their research result reflected wider social trends / songs and books reflected the real population

第Ⅱ卷 I. Translation 翻译 第 1 题 3 分,第 2-4 题每题 4 分,第 5 题 5 分,共 20 分。 1. We enjoyed ourselves this New Year?s Day this year. 2. My uncle sent me a card yesterday to congratulate / congratulating me on my 18th birthday. 3. After years of / years? construction, the little town is now as lively as it was before the earthquake / it used to be before the earthquake. 4. The performance began with a piece of classical music which was familiar to people in their fifties.
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5. No sooner had she watched the TV program on the extinct species than she made up her mind to join the Wildlife Conservation Organization.

II. Guided Writing Possible version 1

Dear Sir or Madam: I have heard from the newspaper that you, the Shanghai Museum, are planning to organize a famous painting exhibition. And you are now collecting suggestions about whether to hold it in your museum or the art gallery. I am now writing to express my opinion that the exhibition should be held in the museum. My reasons are as follows. In terms of convenience, the museum has more advantages over the gallery. First, it is located in the People?s Square, which is the center of the city. So people can enjoy convenient transportation such as the subway line 1, 2 and 8, which are available to people from nearly every district. It saves the visitors a lot of time and trouble of traffic jam. Another advantage is that it is easy to be found by those from other provinces around the country. After all the Shanghai Museum is a landmark of our city familiar to nearly every Chinese. With regard to the professional function, though it seems natural that an art exhibition be set in the gallery, in a more general sense, I think the museum has more advanced facilities to make the exhibition successful and to preserve the paintings well. As we know, the museum has successfully held many national and international exhibitions and its advertising and organizing experience is of no match; also its staff is qualified and professional. To sum up, I am sure the show will be fantastic if it is held in Shanghai Museum. (248 words)

Possible version 2 To whom it may concern: I?ve learned that an art exhibition is to be held and that you?re collecting suggestions on its location. I?m writing this letter to share with you my opinions. In my opinion, it is more advisable to hold the art exhibition in Shanghai Museum than in community libraries. My reasons are as follows. On one hand, it is more convenient for people to get to Shanghai Museum which is located in the center of the city. And the museum is much more spacious than community libraries, which provides visitors with a more
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comfortable environment for appreciating art. On the other hand, as a well-known museum, Shanghai Museum is more professional and experienced in holding art exhibitions. Its professional security guards and advanced facilities can better protect those famous paintings from being damaged or stolen. Therefore, I suggest the exhibition be held in the museum.

Wang Min

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2012-2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(上海卷) 英语试题参考答案解析 I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1. W: Can you describe what you do? M: I wash office building windows. I go high up in the basket to reach the windows. Q: What is the man's job? A. A basketball player. B. A laundry worker. C.A window washer. D.A rock climber 1.【答案】C. A window washer. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话中可知,男士清洗办公楼的窗户。所以选项为 C,他是个窗户清洁 工。关键词句:I wash office building windows;to reach the window. 2.M: Should we go out or eat in tonight? W: I am too tired to do any cooking. Q: What does the woman imply? 2.【答案】D. She wants to dine out. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,女士说太累了一点儿也不想做饭,可推测她想出去吃。所以答案 是 D。 dine out 表示出去吃饭。 关键词: too tired to do any cooking. 注意 too…to 表示“太……而不能……”。 3.M: Hi, Grace. Tell me something about your hometown. W: It's so beautiful and peaceful. But it's really far away from everything. Q: What does the woman think of her hometown? 3.【答案】B. Isolated. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,女士认为她的家乡美丽而幽静。但却与世隔绝。所以答案是 B, isolated 表示隔绝的,孤立的。关键词句:But it's really far away from everything. be far away from 表示“远离”。听时注意“but”这个转折词后的信息。 4. W: My printer is out of paper. I will run and get some. M: I will go with you. I need some fresh air. Q: Where will the speakers probably go? 4.【答案】A. To a stationery shop.
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【解析】这是一道场景题。从对话可知,女士说打印机里面没纸了,她跑去买纸,男士说一起去。所以答 案是 A,stationery shop 是文具店,符合题意。B 是体育馆,C 是油漆店,D 是报摊。关键词句:My printer is out of paper. I will run and get some. 5. M: I don't like the prices on the menu. They always seem too high. W: You will have a different view after eating the delicious food. Q: What does the woman mean? 5.【答案】D. The food is worth the price. 【解析】 这是一道推理题。 从对话可知, 男士认为菜单上的价格太高, 女士说你尝了菜之后就会改变观点, 言下之意是你吃了之后就不觉得贵。所以答案是 D,The food is worth the price.这里的食物物有所值。关键 词:have a different view, delicious food. 6. M: I had a hard time getting through the novel. W: I know how you feel. Who could remember the names of 35 different characters? Q: What does the woman imply? 6.【答案】B. She also finds the book difficult to read. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,男士说读完这本书很困难。女士说她懂他的感觉,谁能记住 35 个不同的人物角色的名字。言下之意是她也不能记住,觉得太难了。所以答案是 B。关键词句:Who could remember…?听时注意说话者的反问语气。 7.W: Why haven't we received any newspapers yet? M: Well, sometimes it takes a while for the post office to deliver it. Q: What can we learn from the conversation? 7.【答案】C. The woman is expecting the newspaper. 【解析】这是一道主旨题。从对话可知,女士疑惑他们没收到报纸。男士说有时邮寄需要花点时间。言下 之意是女士在期盼报纸的到来。所以答案是 C。关键词:is expecting, 表示“期望,等待”。 8.M: My roommate and I are going to see a film tonight. And we are leaving at7:40.Do you want to join us? W: Sure. But my class ends at 7:30.And the professor never finishes on time. Q: What can we learn about the woman? 8.【答案】A. She is not sure if she can join them. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,女士想去看电影,但是她不确定 7:30 是否老师会准时下课,因为 老师通常拖堂。而男士和他室友 7:40 就要出发。所以答案是 A。关键词句:class ends at 7:30;the professor never finishes on time. 老师从来不准时下课。 9.W: Now that you are on the business, what?s your advice for someone to become a fashion designer? M: Go to school. I mean it. Find a good school and learn as much as you can.
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Q: What does the man mean? 9.【答案】B. School learning is a must for fashion designers. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,男士的建议是设计师要找个好学校好好学习。所以答案是 B, 学 校教育是时装设计师必经之路。关键词句:Go to school;Find a good school and learn as much as you can. 10. W: Slow down. You are passing every car on the road. M: Most drivers usually ignore the speed limit unless they think the police will stop them. Q: What does the man mean? 10【答案】A. Few people drive within the speed limit. 【解析】这是一道推理题。从对话可知,女士要求男士减速,男士却说大多数驾驶者通常都会忽视车子限 速,除非他们觉得警察会拦下他们。所以答案是 A, 很少有人会驾驶不超速。 关键词句:Most drivers usually ignore the speed limit. Section B Directions: In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. I am Lynn. My previous job was as principal of a language school, where I received awards for training teachers to teach more effectively. A year ago, I started an international company. I spent months conducting programs in the US and Russia. During this time, some Russian immigrants came to stay at my house. Fortunately, these visitors helped a lot at home and made life easier. At the same time, I wrote several books to be published by my company and coedited a book for a major publisher. I am grateful I have a photographic memory, so I can remember everything I see. Otherwise, I might not be that productive. In addition to my work, I have a family at home. Some of my children have had serious health problems from birth, but I try to handle those problems well and efficiently. With tremendous help from my parents, the kids are fed, and clothed, and educated. I am busy from the time I get up until the time I go to bed. My time has to be carefully planned. I do not like to be interrupted because I want to accomplish my goals. Questions: 11. What was the speaker?s previous job? 12. What helps to make the speaker productive according to the passage? 13. What does the passage mainly tell us?
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11. 【答案】D. 【解析】问题:说话人以前的工作是什么?A. 图书出版商——短文提及,但与问题无关。说话人创办公 司之后,才自己写书出版。B. 公司经理——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是说话人目前的工作。C. 杂志 编辑——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是说话人目前的工作。D. 学校校长——正确答案。说话人在一开 始就明确表明,My previous job was as principal of a language school。 12.【答案】D. 【解析】问题:根据短文信息,说话人工作效率高的原因是什么? A. 培训经验——短文提及,但与问题无关。短文只说…I received awards for training teachers to teach more effectively…,培训教师让我赢得了很多奖。B.幸福的家庭——短文提及,但与问题无关。说话人只介绍了 自己的家庭情况,并没有提及家庭和工作效率高之间有何联系。C.俄罗斯助手的帮助——短文提及,但与 问题无关。 说话人提到 these visitors helped a lot at home and made life easier., 并没有提及这和工作效率之间 的联系。 D. 好的记忆力——正确答案。 I am grateful I have a photographic memory.... Otherwise, I might not be that productive. 没有好的记忆力,可能不会这么高效,符合题意。 13. 【答案】B. 【解析】问题:短文主要讲述什么?A. Lynn 对家庭的付出——以偏概全。B. Lynn 忙碌又成功的生活—— 正确答案。短文前半部分讲述说话人在事业上的成功,后半部分讲述说话人在忙碌中平衡工作和家庭。C. Lynn 在工作上的成就——以偏概全。D. Lynn 运行项目的高效——以偏概全。

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. Job interviews can generally be divided into three types. The first is what I would call the traditional interview. This is usually just a series of standard questions about qualifications, work experience and expectations. So what you have here is basically a list of quite direct questions, like what duties did you have in your previous job. This is still the model for a lot of interviews today. In my view it?s not the best to select staff. Then there is the case interview. Here the interviewer presents a problem and a series of questions to find out how the candidate would approach the problem. It might go something like this, ?A company wants to hire more graduates without spending more than its current budget. What would you advise them to do??This can be particularly challenging, for you need to analyze the problem and solve it. The third type is known as the behavioral interview. The questions are usually designed to find out about how the candidates handle tricky situations in the past. A typical question might be ?Can you give me an example of a situation where you had to follow orders that you didn?t agree with?? This opens up a lot of information and the interviewer gets to see more of the candidate.
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Questions: 14. What kind of questions are usually asked in the traditional interview? 15. What does the case interview focus on about the candidate? 16. What does the speaker mainly talk about? 14.【答案】 B. 【解析】 问题: 传统型面试经常会问什么类型的问题?A. 经济类问题——短文未提及。 B. 常规性问题—— 正确答案。This is usually just a series of standard questions…标准问题实质上就是常规性问题,答案是对原 文的同义转换。C. 学术性问题——短文未提及。D. 具有挑战性的问题——短文提及,但与问题无关。这 是 case interview 所问问题的特点。 15.【答案】 C. 【解析】 问题: 案例面试关注应试者的哪些方面?A. 工作经验——短文提及, 但与问题无关。 这是 traditional interview 关注的问题。B. 教育资历——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是 traditional interview 关注的问题。 C. 解决问题的能力——正确答案。…a series of questions to find out how the candidate would approach the problem.案例面试的目的就是考查求职者解决问题的能力。D. 收集信息的能力——短文未提及。 16.【答案】 A. 【解析】问题:说话人主要谈论的是什么?A. 不同类型面试的特征——正确答案。短文开头就点明了主 旨, Job interviews can generally be divided into three types.B. 问面试问题的技巧——短文未提及。 C. 三种面 试模式的变化——短文未提及。D. 对不同面试的建议——短文未提及。 Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. 1. W: Hi, Bruce, it's Naomi. M: Hi, Naomi. W: I'm calling about the conference in Shanghai on November 8th. We have to make some changes. M: OK, go ahead. W: I don't think the peace guardian will be big enough. We need a center that can seat at least 600. M: That many? Any suggestions? W: The Palace Center will be free that day, but it will mean increasing the registration fee by $50. From $800 to $850. M: That won't be a problem. Anything else? W: Milan University says they are sending Carla Marisco instead of Professor Bertoni. But the talk would be the
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same, Opportunities and Risks in the African Market. M: Fine. Make those changes and all inform everyone at my end. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. 17.【答案】 November. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话中可知,女士正打电话向男士确认关于会议修改的事宜。从女士所 说的 I'm calling about the conference in Shanghai on November8th.可知本题答案为 November。 18.【答案】 Center. 【解析】 这是一道事实细节题。 从对话中可知女士认为保安不够, 男生询问她有什么建议时, 她回答说 The Palace Center will be free that day... 所以本题答案为 Center。 19. 【答案】850. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话中女士的回答... but it will mean increasing the registration fee by $50.From 800$ to 850$.可知,登记费将上涨 50 美元,即从 800 美元到 850 美元。所以本题答案为 850。 20. 【答案】African. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话中可知,女士告知男士说米兰大学虽然换了发言人,但是发言的主 题并没有改变,从对话中的 Opportunities and Risks in the African Market 可知,本题答案为 African。 2.W: David, we all know you took up skateboarding at ten. But did your parents support you? M: Yeah, my parents even let me skate in the house. W: Did they? M: Yeah, they were pretty cool. W: How about your school work? M: That was fine. I was able to get my school work done with good grades. My only problem was that I had so much physical energy that I could not sit still in class. Then some teachers started taking my skateboard away. W: That couldn't stop you from staking? M: No way. The cool thing was that my parents managed to find me a different school. The headmaster there was wonderful. He let us plan our own P.E. classes. So guess what class I created. W: Skateboarding. M: You got it. That was my P.E. class. By that time I was turning professional and starting to show off some techniques at competitions. W: Is that when your new style became famous? M: Yeah. Other skaters had this smooth flowing style, but I was kind of like a robot always coming up with new tricks. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
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21. 【答案】with good grades. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话可知,这是一次采访。当采访人询问 David 的成绩时,David 回答 说 That was fine. I was able to get my school work done with good grades.所以本题答案为 with good grades。 22.【答案】sit still. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。从对话中可知,David 热爱滑板,成绩也不错,但是唯一的问题是他的精 力太旺盛了,以至于不能安安静静坐在教室中.从 David 的话语 My only problem was that I had so much physical energy that I could not sit still in class.可知本题答案为 sit still。 23.【答案】 plan P.E. classes. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。对话中,David 在聊到自己因为热爱滑板而转学时,对新学校的校长表示 了称赞,从 The headmaster there was wonderful. He let us plan our own P.E. classes.可知本题答案为 plan P.E. classes。 24.【答案】new tricks. 【解析】这是一道事实细节题。David 在提到自己和其他滑板运动者的区别时,他说... but I was kind of like a robot always coming up with new tricks.可知本题答案为 new tricks。 II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A 25. 【答案】C 【解析】本题重点考查介词搭配。该介词搭配为:within/beyond one?s reach,意为在…能力范围之内。此 处在文中表示“容易抵达”。 26. 【答案】C 【解析】本题重点考查固定词组的应用。remind sb of sth 意为提醒某人某事。根据语境得出应该是“提醒他 们自己”。 27. 【答案】A 【解析】本题为时态题。根据语境得出 leave 这一动作在 called 之前发生,因此用过去完成时。 28. 【答案】D 【解析】本题为形容词排序题。根据规则“大小形状和新旧,颜色国籍出处材料”这一顺口溜可得出正确答 案。 29. 【答案】C 【解析】本题为结合语态的时态题。整个句子环境为现在时,根据语境语义推断出应该为现在状态下“已 经被选举出来的”。 30. 【答案】C

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【解析】本题考查让步状语从句的使用。让步状语从句引导词只能为“whatever ”“however”,并且从句中缺 少宾语,故应选择名词性的 difficulty。 31. 【答案】D 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词。worried 为形容词,在此处作 leave the room 的伴随状语。 32. 【答案】B 【解析】本题考查非谓语动词的使用,此处也可将 have an opportunity to do sth 看作固定搭配,表示有机会 做某事。 33. 【答案】B 【解析】本题考查宾语从句的引导词用法。此处 have no idea=don?t know,根据语境推断出“我不知道为什 么电话坏了”,故选 why。 34. 【答案】C 【解析】本题考查动词 risk 的使用。risk doing sth 表示冒险做某事或拿…做赌注。 35. 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查非谓语的运用。由语境推知,email 与 ask for her credit card account number 是主动关系, 因此用现在分词。此处 an email asking for her credit card account number = an e-mail which asks for her credit card account number。 36. 【答案】D 【解析】本题考查状语从句的引导词意思。由选项可知此处为状语从句,根据从句 I am sitting 得知是表示 方位的,故用 where。 37. 【答案】D 【解析】本题考查并列复合句的运用。由 and 可得知为并列句,前半句祈使句+and+后半句将来时(情态 词)表示 “(如果…的话,…就会…)”。 38. 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查定语从句。先行词为物:the living and nonliving things, 并且从句中缺少主语,因此只能 用指物的引导词 that。 39. 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查倒装句。介词词组前置,句子倒装。主语为 the lack of natural resources,根据主谓一致 原则,选择 is。正常语序为:The lack of resources is among the crises that face humans. 40. 【答案】B 【解析】本题考查名词性从句。介词 in 后应接名词性从句。由于从句中缺少 wear 的宾语,因此选择既能 引导从句,又能做名词性成分的 what。 该说明文详细阐释了人类大脑是如何一步步进行人脸识别的。
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Section B 41. 【答案】J 【解析】composition,名词,意为“结构,组成”,这里表示“认出母亲的脸部构成”。 42. 【答案】H 【解析】fascinating,形容词,意为“有趣的,迷人的”,此处为句型 “It?s fascinating/interesting/exciting that/how…”,表示…是如此有趣。 43. 【答案】B 【解析】 recall, 动词, 意为“回忆, 回想”, 此处根据常用搭配 find it difficult to do sth 得出应选择动词, recall such a simple thing as a phone number 表示“回想出简单的电话号码”。 44. 【答案】E 【解析】 necessary, 形容词, “必要的”, 此处 necessary for facial recognition 作后置定语修饰 the specific areas, 表示“识别人脸必要的区域”。 45. 【答案】F 【解析】locate,动词,“定位”。此处有搭配 succeed in sth/doing sth,故要选择动名词形式。这里意为“成 功定位到一个脑部具体区域 FFA”。 46. 【答案】I 【解析】elsewhere,副词,“其他地方”。由上文推断出既然人脸识别是一个专门的区域进行处理,那么此 处“对其它物体的识别”自然是大脑中“其它地方”了。 47. 【答案】D 【解析】previously,副词,“先前的”。根据上文推断得出人脸识别需要看到整张脸,因此此处的想法“我 们只需要看一些脸部特征”是“先前的”。 48. 【答案】G 【解析】instead,副词,“代替,而不是”。此处根据两句话的意思推断出是转折替代关系,因此选 instead。 49. 【答案】C 【解析】processing,名词,“处理,进程”。根据语法推断出此处填名词,由上下文意思得出用 processing, 表示“这一复杂的处理过程在瞬间完成”。 III. Reading Comprehension Section A 50.【答案】 C 【解析】根据上下文可以判断出,此文章是针对经济全球化的利弊而进行的讨论,那第一段所抛出的问题 必然是:全球化是否对有利于任何国家?因此选项中 good 为正确答案。 51. 【答案】B
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【解析】根据上下文判断,经济全球化给发展中国家带来的影响最准确的应该描述为 reduce poverty,而非 population, crime 和 conflict。 52. 【答案】 A 【解析】发展中国家财富的增加(increased wealth)在一定程度上促进了教育水平的提高(improved education) 和人口寿命的延长(longer life),所以答案为 A/contributing to: 有助于。 53. 【答案】 D 【解析】在 52 题中已经提到,世界银行(World Bank )认为经济全球化帮助发展中国家降低贫困,那必然带 来收入的提高,所以正确答案为 D/increase。 54. 【答案】 C 【解析】读完第三段后不难发现,本段的主要观点是提倡发展中国家参与经济全球化过程,所以这里答案 为 C/advocate。 55. 【答案】B 【解析】第三段中第一句提到,发展中国家的小买卖(small and home-based businesses)将会受益于经济全球 化所带来的机遇,巴西(Brazil)农产品销售市场的的扩大就是其中的例子之一,所以这里的转折词为 B/ For instance。 56. 【答案】C 【解析】受经济全球化影响,巴西的农产品可以在全世界范围内(worldwide)销售,那与此对应,原来农产 品的销售范围应为为国内或者是当地(local open-air market),故此题答案为 C/local。 57. 【答案】 D 【解析】 第四段中, 评论家认为经济全球化会扩大贫富差距, 因此对其持反对态度。 扩大贫富差距为 widen the gap between…,因此答案为 D/widening 58. 【答案】B 【解析】此处考察“得益于…”的另外一种说法:profit from… 59. 【答案】 A 【解析】评论家在发表经济全球化会扩大贫富差距后,又发表另外一个观点 “they maintain…”,这两个观 点之间是递进的关系,故答案为 A/Furthermore。 60. 【答案】 C 【解析】发展中国家受益于经济全球化集中体现在能将产品销售到国外的市场,即出口到国外。所以本题 答案为 C/export。 61. 【答案】B 【解析】全球化的市场所带来的竞争也可以导致一些国家最终没有生意做或者说一些生产商的破产。故此 选项为 B/ pot them out of business。
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62. 【答案】A 【解析】发展中国家小规模生产的商品一旦被大规模生产,这些国家就会逐渐落后并被淘汰。not keep up 意为落后,所以四个选项中 A 表达意思最准确。 63. 【答案】D 【解析】经济全球化发展是大趋势,不可逆转的,故答案为 D/ no turning back。 64. 【答案】 D 【解析】在讨论了不同人对经济全球化所持的观点后,得出结论,目前面临的最大挑战是如何让经济全球 化为所有人的利益服务。所以答案为 D/ challenge。 Section B A篇 这是一篇讨论音乐听觉障碍的说明文。主要围绕音乐听觉障碍人士(amusic)这个概念,详细介绍了音乐 听觉障碍对其生活造成的影响,以及产生这种听觉障碍的原因。 文章首段引出了音乐听觉障碍人士(amusic)的定义——天生无法辨识和重现音调的人(…are born without the ability to recognize or reproduce musical notes)。第二段详细介绍了音乐听觉障碍对 amusic 的生活造成 了诸多不便:疏远人群、无法进入放音乐的餐馆或购物场所、无法参加派对等等。第三段介绍了音乐听觉 障碍的产生原因——大脑构造与能欣赏音乐的人不同。末段介绍医生对音乐听觉障碍这一症状的明确诊断, 给 amusic 人群带来了福音。 65. 【答案】 A. Listening to music is far from enjoyable for them. 【解析】 细节信息题。 由关键词 amusics 定位至文章首段对于 amusic 的定义。 作者由“For some people, music is no fun at all.”一句,引出对有音乐听觉障碍人群(amusic)的介绍,即表明 amusic 不能享受音乐带来的 乐趣。far from 远非…;远离…,far from enjoyable 即一点都感受不到乐趣。因此,正确答案为 A。 66. 【答案】C. has a hearing problem 【解析】语意理解题。由“defective hearing”定位至第三段,它的含义需要分析上下文句意。该句子说明了 音乐听觉障碍产生的原因是大脑的差异。该词组所在的部分与前句“The difference is complex”并列,“it”指 前文的“difference”,强调大脑差异的复杂程度。紧接着后半句又提到音乐听觉障碍人士同样能听到非音乐 类的声音。整体而言,即意为大脑的差异很复杂,并且这种复杂并不属于一种“defective hearing”,因为音 乐听觉障碍人士同样能理解非音乐类的声音。将各选项的含义带入原文,可知正确答案为 A“听觉问题”, 即 amusics 并没有听觉问题,他们也能理解音乐以外的声音。 67. 【答案】A. her problem with music had been diagnosed earlier 【解析】细节信息题。由题干信息定位至最后一段最后一句话。由“I just wish I had learned to say that when I was seventeen and not seventy.”可知 Margaret 希望在 17 岁就能得知自己属于 amusic,而不是 70 岁。即她希 望自己的问题更早得被诊断出来,正确答案为 A。
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68. 【答案】B. Some people?s inability to enjoy music. 【解析】主旨大意题。本题考查考生对整篇文章主旨大意的理解与概括。文章首段引出了音乐听觉障碍人 士(Amusic)的定义。第二段详细介绍了音乐听觉障碍对 amusic 的生活造成的诸多不便。紧接着第三段 揭示了 amusic 的产生原因——大脑差异。 最后一段介绍音乐听觉障碍这一症状的诊断能带来的益处。 由此 可见,本文主要讨论了一些人无法享受音乐的乐趣,选项 B 正确。 B篇 这是一页 Amana 公司的产品保修说明。 具体产品是家用洗衣机自动烘干机 (Home Laundry Automatic Dryer) 。 69. 【答案】 D. used in the U.S.A. 【解析】细节信息题。由题干信息定位至第二个小标题下。由第二句话“Applied only to products used within the United States”可知在美国境内,该产品享有保修服务。因此,正确答案为 D。 70. 【答案】 B. a servicer?s overtime work. 【解析】 细节信息题。 由题干信息定位至第四个小标题下。 由第五句话“Pay for extra service costs…if servicer is requested to perform service outside servicer's normal business hours.”可知如果让服务人员在工作时间以外 提供服务,消费者需要额外支付服务费用。因此,正确答案为 B。 71. 【答案】 C. A faulty cabinet due to rust can be replaced free in the second year. 【解析】细节信息题。 由第一个小标题下面第一句话“FIRST TWO YEARS Amana will repair or replace any faulty part free of charge” 可知在前两年可以免费保修任意损坏的部件,无论损坏是不是生锈造成的。所以 C 选项正确。 C篇 这是一篇讨论微型飞行装置的说明文。首段开门见山,介绍了哈佛大学的工程师们受到了《自然》杂志的 启发,决定自行研究机器苍蝇(robotic fly)——一种微型飞行设备。第二段说明了制造这种飞行设备的实 际困难:所需的构成原件没有现成的,需要自行开发。第三段主要介绍了该飞行设备的构成。第四、五两 段介绍了该飞行装置技术成熟后能给我们带来生活上、科研上的详细用途。 72. 【答案】 C. they had no ready-made components 【解析】 细节信息题。 由关键词 difficulty 定位至第二段最后一句话“The added difficulty with a project like this is that actually none of those components are off shelf and so we have to develop them all on our own.”意为这个 项目的困难实际上在于所需的元件都没有现成的, 需要我们自己开发。 on the shelf (现货供应) 与 ready-made (现成的)同义。因此,正确答案为 C。 73. 【答案】 B. can just fly in limited areas at the present times 【解析】推理引申题。根据题干信息,定位至文章第 3、4 段。第三段主要介绍了飞行装置的构成,并由 此引出第四段首句详细介绍飞行装置的外置电源(linked to a small, off-board power source),指出最终目 的是实现内置电源的放置(equip it with a built-in power),是之有能力在更多场合自行完成数据收集的任
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务(data-gathering work),完成起飞、着陆、到处飞行的动作。由此可见,目前该飞行装置只能在有限的 地区内飞行,所以 B 选项正确。 74. 【答案】 D. Wood?s design can replace animals in some experiments. 【解析】推理引申题。定位至最后一段第三句话“…to study biology in ways that would be difficult with the animals, but using these robots instead.”意为当用动物这一途径研究生物问题比较困难时, 我们可以用这些机 器人取代动物的位置。因此,正确答案为 D。 75. 【答案】C. Robotic Fly Imitates Real Life Insect 【解析】主旨大意题。 该题要求选定文章的标题,故需归纳文章的主旨大意。纵观全文,首段开门见山,介绍了哈佛大学的工程 师们决定自行研究机器苍蝇(robotic fly)。第二段说明了制造这种飞行设备的实际困难:所需的构成原件 没有现成的,需要自行开发。第三段主要介绍了该飞行设备的构成。第四、五两段介绍了该飞行装置在能 运用至多种场合, 还能在科研中代替动物。 可见本文通篇都在围绕机器苍蝇 (robotic fly) 进行介绍。 因此, 正确答案为 C。 Section C 这是一篇介绍欧盟颁布指令禁止过量服用补品药剂的议论文,并且表达了作者对这样一种指令的支持态度。 76. 【答案】C 【解析】第一段交代了人们盲目服用滋补药剂(例如维他命片)的背景,转折介绍了出于对人们过量服药 的担忧, 欧盟颁布了禁止大面积贩售健康补品的指令。 因此, 正确答案为 C. EU's response to overuse of health products (欧盟对滥用补品的应对措施)。 77. 【答案】B 【解析】第二段通过举例、正反对比等手法,论证了过量服用维生素 C 会造成反面效果,对健康造成巨大 的损伤。因此,正确答案为 B. Different findings as to taking additional vitamin (服用多余维生素会导致不同 的后果)。 78. 【答案】F 【解析】第三段中讲到 1960 年代和 1970 年代的科幻小说预言了人们用药片代替膳食的场景,并表示欧盟 的新指令避免了这种情况的发生。因此,正确答案为 F. EU directive against prediction in novels (欧盟的指令 避免了小说中预言的场景)。 79. 【答案】A 【解析】第四段通过举例论证,突出了人们宁愿多吃药片也不注重健康生活的现实情况,强调了作者对过 多服用药片的反对态度。因此,正确答案为 A. Healthy way of life giving way to overuse of medicine (健康的 生活方式让步于药物滥用)。 Section D
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80. 【答案】 E 【解析】第五段通过举例论证,强调欧盟指令对人们是有益的,所以其强制性是合理的。因此,正确答案 为 E. EU directive for the benefit of individuals (欧盟的指令是对人们有益的)。 这是一篇关于文学作品中词汇用量研究的议论文。开篇首段即提出一个研究结论:在各种类型的书籍中, 表达情感的词汇用量在下降。第二段对上文进行补充,强调单单表达恐惧的词汇用量呈上升趋势。紧接着 第三段中给出了造成这种情绪词汇下降的原因——新媒体(电影、广播、戏剧)的崛起。第四、五、六段 进一步探讨了新话题:表示快乐的词汇用量与表示悲伤的词汇用量这两者的比率,能间接反映出历史事件 和历史趋势。 【试题评析】 81. in the category of fear 【解析】细节题。首先根据题干关键词 A study of more than, decline, “mood words”定位至第一段第一句与 第二段首句。接着题干中的 except 一词表示转折,表示与先前描述不符的情况,顺势与第二段末句内容 “Only in the category of fear was there an increase in usage.”相对应,表明除了 in the category of fear,其余的 情况情感用词都在下降。所以,正确答案填 in the category of fear。 82. the literary position has changed in a crowded media landscape/ other media—movies, radio, drama—had more emotional content 【解析】细节题。该题目要求考生找出感情用词下降现象的产生原因,而第三段主要内容都是在解释该现 象的产生原因。再根据题干人名 Dr Alberto Acerbi 定位至第三段第二句。explained by 后即为所填内容,整 合后答案可为“the literary position has changed in a crowded media landscape”。 同时也可定位至第三段最后一 句, 表明其他类型的媒介如电影、 广播、 戏剧能承载更多的情感内容, 经整合后答案是 “other media—movies, radio, drama—had more emotional content”。 83. During the Roaring Twenties and before the recent financial crash. 【解析】细节题。有题干关键词 “joy-to-sadness ratio” 定位至第五段首句,意为在“During the Roaring Twenties”比率达至顶峰,这种情形直到 “before the recent financial crash”才又一次出现。所以 “reached a peak”前面的主语与“until”后的内容即为所要求填写的内容, 整合后答案是 “During the Roaring Twenties and before the recent financial crash.”。 84. their research result reflected wider social trends/ songs and books reflected the real population 【解析】 细节题。 题干表明研究人员态度有一种转折, 由此定位至第五段末句。 其中 “held a reserved opinion” 与题干中 “were not sure”相对应,则答案即可完善为“their research result reflected wider social trends”。同时 因为文章第六段是对第五段观点的具体展开说明,所以亦可定位至第六段最后一句,意为研究者不能确定 歌曲和书籍是否反映出了真实人口数,即答案也可以是 “songs and books reflected the real population”。 第 II 卷
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I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 今年元旦我们玩得很开心。(enjoy) 【答案】We enjoyed ourselves very much on this New Year's Day. 【解析】本题考查固定短语。玩得很开心,常用“enjoy oneself very much”来表达;同时,注意元旦的表达 方式为 New Year's Day。 2. 舅舅昨天寄给我一张卡片,祝贺我 18 岁生日。(congratulate) 【答案】My uncle sent me a card to congratulate me on my eighteenth birthday yesterday. 【解析】本题考查固定短语。祝贺某人……,常用“congratulate sb on sth”来表达。另外 18 岁生日需要用序 数词 eighteenth,注意拼写。 3. 经过多年的建设,这个小镇现在和地震前一样充满了活力。(as...as) 【答案】After years of construction, this town is as lively now as it used to be before the earthquake. 【解析】本题考查固定结构。与……一样,常用“as...as”的结构,两个 as 之间通常接形容词或副词比较级。 本句中,要表达充满了活力,用形容词“lively”即可。 4. 演出以一段五十多岁的人耳熟能详的经典音乐开始。(familiar) 【答案】The show started with a piece of music familiar to people in their fifties. 【解析】 本题考查固定短语。 对某人来说耳熟能详, 常用“familiar to”来表达。 另外, 本句中五十多岁的人, 用 in one's fifties 来表达。根据句意,泛指五十多岁的人,可以用 people in their fifties。 5. 她一看完那个关于已灭绝物种的电视节目,就立志加入野生动物保护组织。(No sooner) 【答案】 No sooner had she finished watching that programme about those extinct species, than she decided to join the Wildlife Conservation Organization. 【解析】本题考查倒装结构。no sooner...than 的结构用来引导时间状语从句,主句用过去完成时,than 后 面的从句用一般过去时。当 no sooner 放在句首时,表示强调,注意此时主句要采用倒装结构。另外,本 句中的短语稍有难度, 灭绝物种, 常用 extinct species 来表达; 野生动物保护组织, 常用 Wildlife Conservation Organization 来表达。 II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given in Chinese. 上海博物馆拟举办一次名画展,现就展出场所(博物馆还是社区图书馆)征集公众意见,假设你是王敏, 给上海博物馆写一封信表达你的想法。你的信必须满足以下要求: 1. 简述你写信的目的及你对场所的选择; 2. 说明你的理由(从便利性,专业性等方面对这两个场所进行对比) 【答案】
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To whom it may concern: I?ve learned that an art exhibition is to be held and that you?re collecting suggestions on its location. I?m writing this letter to share with you my opinions. As far as I?m concerned, it is more advisable to hold the art exhibition in Shanghai Museum than in community libraries. How did I come to this conclusion? On one hand, it is more convenient for people to get to Shanghai Museum which is located in the center of the city. And it is much more spacious than community libraries, which provides visitors with a more comfortable environment for appreciating art. On the other hand, as a museum of ancient Chinese art, Shanghai Museum is more professional and experienced in holding art exhibitions. Its professional security guards and advanced facilities can better protect those famous paintings from being damaged or stolen. Therefore, I suggest the exhibition be held in Shanghai Museum. Wang Mi 【解析】 总评: 本次高考题目以书信的方式考查观点论述的表达,属于常见题型。题目要求中交待了背景,同时,题目还 明确要求了书信的内容中要包括目的、观点、理由等方面,难度适中。 细评: 本次高考作文考查观点论述,题型较为常见,要求对画展的展出场所做出选择,并且说明理由,而且已经 提示了可以从便利性和专业性两个角度来分析,难度不算太大,要写好这篇作文,只要观点明确并且言之 有理即可。 范文按照书信的形式,首先要提出给收信人,To whom it may concern 这里表示的是敬启者,是在读者身份 不明时用在信件、通知和证明书开头的套语,也是除了 Dear xxx 之外英语书信的常见用语。 信的第一段交待了自己的身份,并且表明了些这封信的目的。 第二段明确提出了自己的观点,用了 it is more advisable to do...句型,表明“……是更合理的”,常用在提出 建议时。 第三用设问句引出自己的理由,接着用 on one hand... on the other hand... “一方面……;另一方面……”进行 连接,层次清楚。在论述观点时连词的使用可以使逻辑显得更清晰。第三段从便利性角度进行分析,博物 馆交通更便利而且环境更舒适,其中用到了 which 引导的非限定性定语从句。第四段从专业性角度说明博 物馆的优势。

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