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2012年高考英语真题北京卷[Word解析版]


2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英 语(北京卷)
本试卷共 16 页,共 150 分,考试时长 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试 卷上作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分)
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话或独白后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话或独白你将听一遍。

例:What is the man going to read?
A. A newspaper B. A magazine C. A book 答案是 A。 1. Who answered the phone? A. Mike B. Henry 2. What’s the woman’s favourite food? A. Italian. B. Chinese. 3. When does the first flight arrive in Detroit? A. 5:18am. B.6:10am 4. What is the woman looking for? A. Zoo B. Telephone 5. What will the weather be like at the weekend? A. Cloudy. B. Snowy.

C. Tom C. Indian C.8:50am C. Tennis court C. Sunny

第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每 小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Where are the two speakers? A. In the hotel B In a shop 7. How much did the man pay in the end? A. $115. B. $130 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What did the man do last weekend? A. Watched TV. B. Stayed at home. 9. What will the woman probably do this weekend? A. Play tennis. B. Do some shopping
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C. In a restaurant C. $140

C. Visited a friend C. Go to a dance

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the new houses? A. On the main road. B. Close to a bus station. 11. What does the woman like most about the new houses? A. The garden. B. The space. 12. How does the man feel about the woman’s suggestion? A. Delighted. B. Disappointed.

C. Near the sports center. C. The quietness C. Uninterested.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What can’t the students do without a teacher? A. Hold parties. B. Complete the Safety Sheet. C. Use any emergency equipment. 14. Why are the students asked to tie back their loose hour in the lab? A. It may catch fire B. It may cover their eyes. C. It may pass chemicals to their faces. 15. What is the speech mainly about? A. Laboratory regulations. B. Safety instructions. C. After-class activities. 第三节(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面的一段对话,完成第 16 至 20 五道小题,每小题近填写一个词,听对话前,你将 有 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间,这段对话你将听两遍。 Telephone Cancellation Request Form Account Name Telephone No. Home Phone Plan Reason for Cancellation Cancellation Date Required Edward 16 17 Nonrefundable(不退款) 18 pre-paid plan 19 20 house 9, by 5:00 pm

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 例:It’s so nice to hear from her again ______, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What’s more B. That’s to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 答案是 D。 21. —Look at those clouds! —Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time.
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A. Even if B.As though C. In case D. If only 22. By the time you have finished this book, your meal ______ cold. A. gets B. has got C. will get D.is getting 23. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them. A. corrects B. correct C.to correct D. correcting 24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it differently. A. why B. how C. that D. whether 25. George said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he ______. A. wouldn’t B. didn’t C. hasn’t D. hadn’t 26. When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was,he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A. that B. which C. where D. when 27. _______ with care, one tin will last for six weeks. A. Use B. Using C. Used D. To use 28. Many people have donated that type of blood; however, the blood bank needs _____. A. some B. less C. much D. more 29. —Have you heard about that fire in the market? — Yes, fortunately no one _____. A. hurt B. was hurt C. has hurt D. had been hurt 30. Our friendship _____ quickly over the weeks that followed. A. had developed B. was developing C. would develop D. developed 31. ______ at the door before you enter my room, please. A. Knock B. Knocking C. Knocked D. To knock 33. We ______ the difficulty together, but why didn’t you tell me? A. should face B. might face C. could have faced D. must have faced 34. Do you think this shirt is too tight ____ the shoulders? A. at B. on C. to D. across 35. Don’t handle the vase as if it ____ made of steel. A. is B. were C. has been D. had been

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Inspiration ―Mama, when I grow up, I’m going to be one of those!‖ I said this after seeing the Capital Dancing Company perform when I was three. It was the first time that my __36__ took on a vivid form and acted as something important to start my training. As I grew older and was __37__ to more, my interests in the world of dance __38__ varied but that little girl’s dream of someday becoming a __39__ in the company never left me. In the summer of 2005 when I was 18, I received the phone call which made that dream a __40__; I became a member of the company __41__ back to 1925. As I look back on that day now, it surely __42__ any sense of reality. I believe I stayed in a
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state of pleasant disbelief __43__ I was halfway through rehearsals (排练) on my first day. I never actually __44__ to get the job. After being offered the position, I was completely __45__. I remember shaking with excitement. Though I was absolutely thrilled with the change, it did not come without its fair share of __46__. Through the strict rehearsal period of dancing six days a week, I found it vital to __47__ up the material fast with every last bit of concentration. It is that extreme __48__ to detail (细节) and stress on practice that set us __49__. To then follow those high-energy rehearsals __50__ a busy show schedule of up to five performances a day, I discovered a new __51__ of the words ―hard work.‖ What I thought were my physical __52__ were pushed much further than I thought __53__. I learned to make each performance better than the last. Today, when I look at the unbelievable company that I have the great __54__ of being a part of, not only as a member, but as a dance captain, I see a __55__ that has inspired not only generations of little girls but a splendid company that continues to develop and grow-and inspires people every day to follow their dreams. 36. A. hobby B. plan C. dream D. word 37. A connected B. expanded C. exposed D. extended 38. A. rarely B. certainly C. probably D. consistently 39. A. director B. trainer C. leader D. dancer 40. A. symbol B. memory C. truth D. reality 41. A. bouncing B. dating C. turning D. tracking 42. A. lacks B. adds C. makes D. brings 43. A. while B. since C. until D. when 44. A. Cared B. Expected C. Asked D. Decided 45. A. motivated B. relaxed C. convinced D. astonished 46. A. challenges B. profits C. advantages D. adventures 47. A. put B. mix C. build D. pick 48. A. Attention B. association C. attraction D. adaptation 49. A. apart B. aside C. off D. back 50. A. over B. by C. with D. beyond 51. A. function B. meaning C. expression D. usage 52. A. boundaries B. problems C. barriers D. efforts 53. A. necessary B. perfect C. proper D. possible 54. A. talent B. honor C. potential D. responsibility 55. A. victory B. trend C. tradition D. desire

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A The Basics of Math—Made Clear Basic Math introduces students to the basic concepts of mathematics, as well as the fundamentals of more tricky areas. These 30 fantastic lectures are designed to provide students with an understanding of arithmetic and to prepare them for Algebra(代数) and beyond.
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The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. They also look into exponents(指数), the order of operations, and square roots. In addition to learning how to perform various mathematical operations, students discover why these operations work, how a particular mathematical topic relates to other branches of mathematics, and how these operations can be used practically. Basic Math starts from the relatively easier concepts and gradually moves on to the more troublesome ones, so as to allow for steady and sure understanding of the material by students. The lectures offer students the chance to ―make sense‖ of mathematical knowledge that may have seemed so frightening. They also help students prepare for college mathematics and overcome their anxiety about this amazing—and completely understandable—field of study. By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery(神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. In addition, they will strengthen their ability to accept new and exciting mathematical challenges. Professor H. Siegel, honored by Kentucky Educational Television as ―the best math teacher in America,‖ is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. From the basic concrete ideas to the more abstract problems, he is master in making math lectures learner-friendlier and less scary. With a PhD in Mathematics Education from Georgia State University, Dr. Siegel teaches mathematics at Central Arizona College. His courses include various make-up classes and a number of lectures for future primary school teachers. If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. 56. What does the course Basic Math mainly cover? A. Algebra. B. College Mathematics. C. Arithmetic. D. Mathematics Education. 57. What benefits can students expect from Basic Math? A. Stronger imaginative ability. B. Additional presentation skills. C. More mathematical confidence. D. Greater chances of becoming teachers. 58. What can we learn about Professor H. Siegel? A. He is a guest lecturer at Kentucky Educational Television. B. He is to deliver 30 lectures in Basic Math. C. He works in Georgia State University. D. He specializes in training teachers. 59. Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? A. A news report. B. A book review C. A lesson plan. D. An advertisement B Peanuts to This Proudly reading my words, I glanced around the room, only to find my classmates bearing
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big smiles on their faces and tears in their eyes. Confused, I glanced toward my stone-faced teacher. Having no choice, I slowly raised the report I had slaved over, hoping to hide myself. ―What could be causing everyone to act this way?‖ Quickly, I flashed back to the day Miss Lancelot gave me the task. This was the first real talk I received in my new school. It seemed simple: go on the Internet and find information about a man named George Washington. Since my idea of history came from an ancient teacher in my home country, I had never heard of that name before. As I searched the name of this fellow, it became evident that there were two people bearing the same name who looked completely different! One invented hundreds of uses for peanuts, while the other led some sort of army across America. I stared at the screen, wondering which one my teacher meant. I called my grandfather for a golden piece of advice; flip (掷) a coin. Heads—the commander, and tails—the peanuts guy. Ah! Tails, my report would be about the great man who invented peanut butter, George Washington Carver. Weeks later, standing before this unfriendly mass, I was totally lost. Oh well, I lowered the paper and sat down at my desk, burning to find out what I had done wrong. As a classmate began his report, it all became clear, ―My report is on George Washington, the man who started the American Revolution.‖ The whole world became quite! How could I know that she meant that George Washington? Obviously, my grade was awful. Heartbroken but fearless, I decided to turn this around. I talked to Miss Lancelot, but she insisted: No re-dos; no new grade. I felt that the punishment was not justified, and I believed I deserved a second chance. Consequently, I threw myself heartily into my work for the rest of the school year. Ten months later, that chance unfolded as I found myself sitting in the headmaster’s office with my grandfather, now having an entirely different conversation. I smiled and flashed back to the embarrassing moment at the beginning of the year as the headmaster informed me of my option to skip the sixth grade. Justice is sweet! 60. What did the author’s classmates think about his report? A. Controversial. B. Ridiculous. C. Boring. D. Puzzling. 61. Why was the author confused about the task? A. He was unfamiliar with American history. B. He followed the advice and flipped a coin. C. He forgot his teacher’s instruction. D. He was new at the school. 62. The underlined word ―burning‖ in Para. 3 probably means _______. A. annoyed B. ashamed C. ready D. eager 63. In the end, the author turned things around _______. A. by redoing his task B. through his own efforts C. with the help of his grandfather D. under the guidance of his headmaster C
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Decision-making under Stress A new review based on a research shows that acute stress affects the way the brain considers the advantages and disadvantages, causing it to focus on pleasure and ignore the possible negative (负面的) consequences of a decision. The research suggests that stress may change the way people make choices in predictable ways. ―Stress affects how people learn,‖ says Professor Mara Mather. ―People learn better about positive than negative outcomes under stress.‖ For example, two recent studies looked at how people learned to connect images(影像) with either rewards or punishments. In one experiment, some of the participants were first stressed by having to give a speech and do difficult math problems in front of an audience; in the other, some were stressed by having to keep their hands in ice water. In both cases, the stressed participants remembered the rewarded material more accurately and the punished material less accurately than those who hadn’t gone through the stress. This phenomenon is likely not surprising to anyone who has tried to resist eating cookies or smoking a cigarette while under stress –at those moments, only the pleasure associated with such activities comes to mind. But the findings further suggest that stress may bring about a double effect. Not only are rewarding experiences remembered better, but negative consequences are also easily recalled. The research also found that stress appears to affect decision-making differently in men and women. While both men and women tend to focus on rewards and less on consequences under stress, their responses to risk turn out to be different. Men who had been stressed by the cold-water task tended to take more risks in the experiment while women responded in the opposite way. In stressful situations in which risk-taking can pay off big, men may tend to do better, when caution weighs more, however, women will win. This tendency to slow down and become more cautious when decisions are risky might also help explain why women are less likely to become addicted than men: they may more often avoid making the risky choices that eventually harden into addiction. 64. We can learn from the passage that people under pressure tend to ______. A. keep rewards better in their memory B. recall consequences more effortlessly C. make risky decisions more frequently D. learn a subject more effectively 65. According to the research, stress affects people most probably in their ______. A. ways of making choices B. preference for pleasure C. tolerance of punishments D. responses to suggestions 66. The research has proved that in a stressful situation, ______. A. women find it easier to fall into certain habits B. men have a greater tendency to slow down C. women focus more on outcomes D. men are more likely to take risks

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D Wilderness ―In wilderness(荒野) is the preservation of the world.‖ This is a famous saying from a writer regarded as one of the fathers of environmentalism. The frequency with which it is borrowed mirrors a heated debate on environmental protection: whether to place wilderness at the heart of what is to be preserved. As John Sauven of Greenpeace UK points out, there is a strong appeal in images of the wild, the untouched; more than anything else, they speak of the nature that many people value most dearly. The urge to leave the subject of such images untouched is strong, and the danger exploitation(开发) brings to such landscapes(景观) is real. Some of these wildernesses also perform functions that humans need—the rainforests, for example, store carbon in vast quantities. To Mr.Sauven, these ‖ecosystem services‖ far outweigh the gains from exploitation. Lee Lane, a visiting fellow at the Hudson Institute, takes the opposing view. He acknowledges that wildernesses do provide useful services, such as water conservation. But that is not, he argues, a reason to avoid all human presence, or indeed commercial and industrial exploitation. There are ever more people on the Earth, and they reasonably and rightfully want to have better lives, rather than merely struggle for survival. While the ways of using resources have improved, there is still a growing need for raw materials, and some wildernesses contain them in abundance. If they can be tapped without reducing the services those wildernesses provide, the argument goes, there is no further reason not to do so. Being untouched is not, in itself, a characteristic worth valuing above all others. I look forwards to seeing these views taken further, and to their being challenged by the other participants. One challenge that suggests itself to me is that both cases need to take on the question of spiritual value a little more directly. And there is a practical question as to whether wildernesses can be exploited without harm. This is a topic that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also the guidance of reason. What position wilderness should enjoy in the preservation of the world obviously deserves much more serious thinking. 67. John Sauven holds that_____. A. many people value nature too much B. exploitation of wildernesses is harmful C. wildernesses provide humans with necessities D. the urge to develop the ecosystem services is strong 68. What is the main idea of Para. 3? A. The exploitation is necessary for the poor people. B. Wildernesses cannot guarantee better use of raw materials. C. Useful services of wildernesses are not the reason for no exploitation. D. All the characteristics concerning the exploitation should be treated equally. 69. What is the author’s attitude towards this debate? A. Objective. B. Disapproving. C. Sceptical. D. Optimistic. 70. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?

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A.

B.

C. CP: Central Point P: Point

D. Sp: Sub-point(次要点) C: Conclusion

第二节(共 5 小题 ;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Empathy Last year, researchers from the University of Michigan reported that empathy, the ability to understand other people, among college students had dropped sharply over the past 10 years. __71__ Today, people spend more time alone and are less likely to join groups and clubs. Jennifer Freed, a co-director of a teen program, has another explanation. Turn on the TV, and you’re showered with news and reality shows full of people fighting, competing, and generally treating one another with no respect. __72__ There are good reasons not to follow those bad examples. Humans are socially related by nature. __73__ Researchers have also found that empathetic teenagers are more likely to have high self-respect. Besides, empathy can be a cure for loneliness, sadness, anxiety, and fear. Empathy is also an indication of a good leader. In fact, Freed says, many top companies report that empathy is one of the most important things they look for in new managers. __74__ ―Academics are important. But if you don’t have emotional (情感的) intelligence, you won’t be as successful in work or in your love life,‖ she says. What’s the best way to up your EQ (情商) For starters, let down your guard and really listen ? to others. __75__ To really develop empathy, you’d better volunteer at a nursing home or a hospital, join a club or a team that has a diverse membership, have a ―sharing circle‖ with your family, or spend time caring for pets at an animal shelter. A. Everyone is different, and levels of empathy differ from person to person. B. That could be because so many people have replaced face time with screen time, the researchers said. C. ―One doesn’t develop empathy by having a lot of opinions and doing a lot of talking,‖ Freed says. D. Humans learn by example—and most of the examples on it are anything but empathetic.
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E. Empathy is a matter of learning how to understand someone else—both what they think and how they feel. F. Good social skills—including empathy—are a kind of ―emotional intelligence‖ that will help you succeed in many areas of life. G. Having relationships with other people is an important part of being human—and having empathy is decisive to those relationships.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分)
第一节 情景作文(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,校报英文版正在开展―续写雷锋日记‖活动。 请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,将你所做的一件好事以日记形式记述下来,向校报投稿。 注意:1.日记的开头已为你写好。 2.词数不少于 60。

Saturday,June2 This morning

Fine

(请务必将情景作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

第二节 开放作文(15 分)
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请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.

(请务必将情景作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

2012 年高考北京英语试卷解析
21. A。考查状语从句连接词。even if 即便,as though 似乎,in case 以防,if only 要是?多 好。 22. C。by the time 后接现在时,表示将来之前发生的动作,故用将来时。 23. D。并列结构,making 与 correcting 并列。 24. C。从句考查,宾语从句不缺少成分用 that 引导。 25. B。时态考点,前半句的 would come 是过去将来时,但是仍然发生在过去. 26. B。非限制性定语从句,which 作表语。 27. C。非谓语动词考点。tin 和 use 是被动关系,故用过去分词形式。 28. D。形容词考点。比较级,根据句意即刻判断。 29. B。被动语态。发生在过去的被动动作。 30. D。描述在过去阶段发生的动作,强调状态,用一般过去式。 31. A。祈使句考点,用动词原形。 32. A。非谓语考点,目的状语用不定式。 33. C。虚拟语气考点,对过去的虚拟,本能??。 34. D。介词考点 35. B。虚拟语气考点,对现在的虚拟用 were。

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36. C。梦想,在第 39 题之前也有提到,前后呼应。 37. C。固定搭配,expose to,引申为越来越多的接触到 dancing。 38. B。随着作者年龄的增长,接触的食物越来越多,兴趣发生了变化,用 certainly。 39. D。前后线索。 40. D。梦想成为现实。 41. B。固定搭配,date back to 追溯至。 42. A。作者不相信自己已经被录取了,缺少现实感。 43. C。直到自己身处培训之前,都不敢相信自己被录取了,用 until 44. B。我从未期望得到这份工作,用 expected。 45. D。由 shaking with excitement 联系到此空为“吃惊”的含义。 46. A。之后面临着许多挑战,用 challenge。 47. D。pick up 固定搭配,表示学习。 48. A。concentration 是关键词,前后线索,用 attention。 49. A。set apart 使??与众不同,作者认为自己所在 dancing team 与其它不同的地方在于对 细节的关注和精力的高度集中。 50. C。介词考查,修饰 rehearsal,有繁忙日程规划的预演。 51. B。重新理解了 hard work 的含义,用 meaning。 52. A。有动词 push 为线索,推断出搭配的为界限。 53. D。之前想过的可能的强度,用 possible。 54. B。能够成为公司的一员感到十分荣幸,用 honored。 55. C。注意后边的时态,has inspired,还有关键词 generations of,所以为一个传统。 56.C Basic Math 包括哪些方面,第二段中 The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. 57.C. 第 4 段中,They will be able to clear away the mystery of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagined. 58.B 第五段中,he is a devoted teacher and has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts in ways that make them seem clear and obvious. 59.D 最后一段中,If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. 60.B B. ridiculous 可笑的。第一段中 only to find my classmates bearing big smiles on their faces and tears in their eyes. 61.A 第二段中 Since my idea of history came from an ancient teacher in my home country, I had never heard of that name before. 62.D I lowed down the paper and sat down at my desk,我不知道发生了什么,所以在我发言 后,希望知道为什么大家如此反应的原因,即 eager to find out what I had done wrong. 63.B 第四段中 Consequently, I threw myself heartily into my work for the rest of the school year. 64.A 第 一 段 中 , acute stress affects the way the brain considers the advantages and disadvantages, causing it to focus on pleasure and ignore the possible negative consequences of a decision,可知压力下的人们经常会 keep rewards better in their memory. 65.A 第二段中,The research suggests that stress may change the way people make choices in
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66.D

67.B 68.C 69.A 70.D

predictable ways. 第七段中,Men who had been stressed by the cold-water task tended to take more risks in the experiment while women responded in the opposite way.可以看出是男性在压力下更 容易冒险。 第二段中, The urge to leave the subject of such images untouched is strong, and the danger exploitation brings to such landscapes is real. He acknowledges that wildernesses do provide useful services, but that is not a reason to avoid all human presence. This is a topic that calls for not only free expression of feelings, but also the guidance of reason……deserves much more serious thinking. 总分总的结构类型

71.B 后句中 people spend more time alone and are less likely to join groups and clubs,所以前 句应为原因 that could be because 72.D 前文中人们打开电视看到的是 fighting, competing, and generally treating one another with no respect 后句人们从中学到的是这样的例子,Humans learn by examples.下段中 出现 bad examples 73.G Humans are socially related by nature,人类是社会性的,having relationship with other people is an important part of being human. 74.F Academics are important ,but if you don’t have emotional intelligence,于是前句是 social skills 75.C 怎样提高 EQ?let down your guard and really listen to others,one doesn’t develop empathy by having a lot of opinions .

解析版本二 解析: 21.A 考从属连词,解题方法,看前后逻辑关系选择词义符合的从属连词。A 是即使, B 是好象,C 是以妨,D 是如果。 。就 22. C 考时态,时间状语从句中的主将从现 23. D and 连接并列成分,所以选择和 making 形式一样的 correcting. 24. C 考名词从句,名词从句结构完整不缺少含义,that 不做成份没意义,A 和 B 即 做成份也有含义,D 有含义不做成份 25. B 考时态,他没有来这个动作发生在过去,跟现在无关,用一般过去时态 26. B 考定语从句,非限定性定语从句 27. C 考非谓语,第一步先看是主动还是被动判断出被动就可直接选 C 28. D 考代词, 29. B 考时态,被动,发生在过去 30. D 考时态,动作发生在过去所以一般过去时 31. A 考动词,本句是祈使句,所以选能充分谓语的动词原形,其他三个均为非谓语 32. A 考非谓语,目的还未发生,选不定式 33. C 考情态动词对过去的推测用法, 采用基本翻译译法, “我们本来能一起面对困难。 ” 34. D 考介词,这道题是旧题了
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35. B 考虚拟,as if 后面与真实相反,对现在虚拟所以退回到过去时态 解析: 36. C 名词辨析。根据名词根据上下文提示原则,通过 but that little girl's dream of someday 中的 dream 可知 本题应该选择 dream 一词. 37. C 动词辨析。A 中的 connected 通常不与 to 搭配,后一般接 with 表示与某人联系, B 中的 expand 为扩张 后一般接 into 表示扩大为…… D 中的 extended 为扩大 扩展。 而这里 主要讲的是伴随着成长作者对其梦想接触的就越多 be exposed to 表示的是与……相接处 遭受……感染。 38. B 副词辨析。根据前后文的关系可知,作者对于舞蹈接触多了,理所当然对于舞蹈 世界产生的兴趣也会增多,变得丰富多彩起来。前后一种承接的必然关系 A 很少的罕见的, 转折 C 可能不表示必然的结果 Dconsistently 始终如一地 一致的 表并列 而非承接。 39. D 名词辨析。全文都在讲 dance 的问题自然作者想成为的是一名 dancer。 40. D 名词辨析。考察词组固定搭配 make dream reality 让梦想变为现实。而且上下文 找同义词通过 any sense of reality 可知选择 reality。 41. B 动词辨析。 date back to 表示追溯到追溯回 A bounce 表示反弹, turn back to 表示 C 翻回到,重新提到 Dtrack 本身即表追溯 不许加 back to 42. A 动词辨析。作者站在现在的角度回顾过去自然会觉得当初的想法缺乏现实的感, 毕竟作为孩子都爱做梦的而且通过介词 of 可知与 lack 搭配 lack of 表示缺少缺乏。 43. C 连词辨析。该句考查直到......才得用法。其前后文的意思是相反的。 44. B 动词辨析。由于前文中作者在排练中直到了自己的不足。所以不认为自己能得到 这一工作 be expected to 表示期待 期望。A cared 表示关心 在乎 C 询问 要求 D 决定 45. D 形容词辨析。作者前文中不认为自己能得到这一工作 。当她得到这份工作时肯 定会感到惊讶 D astonished 表示的是惊讶 46. A 名词辨析。Though 前后表转折。前半句是尽管我为这一改变而激动不已,后半 句转折肯定不是正向词了 因此 BC 作为正向词排除 而 D 表示的是探险冒险, 用在这里词意 过大。而 A challenge 挑战。作者既然得到了这一工作,而由于自己存在不足。自然会面临 挑战。 47. D 词组辨析。Put up 举起张贴,mix up 搅合,build up 增进,pick up 挑出,拣出, 在这里是指快速的挑出一些重要动作。 48. A 名词辨析。 通过后面的 and 可知前后是并列。 Stress on 表示着重在, attention to 而 表示把注意力集中于。两者意思等价股为 A 49. A 介词辨析。Set apart 表示区别使分离。Set aside 留出,驳回,撤销。Set off 出发, 动身。Set back 推迟,受到重创。这里是指将我们区分开来用 A 50. C 介词辨析。在这里 with 表示伴随。表示强压的排练,这一排练是版对着繁忙的演 出日程表的。 51. B 名词辨析。我发现了“努力工作”的一个新的意义。Afunction 表示作用 Cexpression 表示表达 而 usage 表示作用用途。这里只是作者在训练过程中懂得了其一个新的意义。后 文并对其进行了解释。 52. A 名词辨析。作者的体力极限远远超过了作者认为的可能的极限。在这里作为界限 讲的只能是 A boundary, 而 B 指问题,C 指障碍,D 指努力都不符合 53. D 形容词辨析。解析参照 52 54. B 名词解析。在这里作者回顾在公司里难以置信的经历时。觉得因为成为其中的一
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份子而感到光荣。 Be honor of 表示感到光荣, A talent 表示天赋,C potential 表示潜力, D responsibility 表示责任。 55. C 名词辨析 victory 表示胜利,trend 表示趋势,tradition 表示惯例,desire 表示欲 望心愿。作者看到的是一个传统,一个惯例对其小女孩及一个公司的影响,也就是坚持自己 的梦想。 56. C 细节题,文中第二段 The lessons in Basic Math cover every basic aspect of arithmetic. 57. C 细节题,第四段 By the conclusion of the course, students will have improved their understanding of basic math. They will be able to clear away the mystery ( 神秘性) of mathematics and face their studies with more confidence than they ever imagine 58. B 细节综合题 根据第五六段,可排除 ACD 项。 59. D 最后一段可推出 If the course fails to provide complete satisfaction to you, you can easily exchange it for any other course that we offer. Or you can get your money back. 60.B 推断题 第二、三段 61.A 推断题 第一段和第二段 62.D 词义猜测题 63.B 推断,最后一段 Consequently, I threw myself heartily into my work for the rest of the school year. 64.A 细节题。由题干的 people under pressure 可定位至第三段:"Stress affects how people learn," says Professor Mara Mather. People learn better about positive than negative outcomes under stress. A 选项的 keep… in memory, rewards, better 分别和这一段中的 learn, positive outcomes, better 相对应,是对原文的同义改写,所以正确。另外一处依据是第四段最后一 句话:In both cases, the stressed participants remembered the rewarded material more accurately and the punished material less accurately than those who hadn't gone through the stress. 65.A. 细节题。 由题干的 stress affect people 可定位到第六段第一句话: research also found The that stress appears to affect decision-making differently in men and women. A 选项对应于这一 句话中的 decision-making,所以正确。另外,在全文最后一段中也出现了 make choices。 66.D.推理题。用排除法即可做出此题。A 项是无中生有。B 项张冠李戴,tend to slow down 说的是 women。C 项也是错误的,依据是第六段第二句话的前半句:While both men and women tend to focus on rewards and less on consequces。所以选 D 项。另一种方法是,由全 文最后一段也可直接推出 D 项。最后一段"they may more often avoid making the risky choices that eventually harden into addiction."中的 they 指的是 women,由这一句话可知 men are more likely to take risks.所以选 D。 67. B 细节综合题, 第二段 these "ecosystem services" far outweigh the gains from exploitation. 68. C 段落大意题,根据题干定位到第三段 69. A 作者态度题,根据最后两段的首句就可以看出作者的态度还是比较客观的 70. D 文章结构题,根据每段主旨推出 71. B 空前和空后是一个过去和现在时间的过渡性原因的解释 72. D 总结性话语,跟 example 有关,只有 D 选跟 example
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73. G 空前的 nature 跟选项的 being human 相前,且前面的 socially related 跟选项中 的 is decisive to those relationships. 74. F 空 前 讲 了 对一 个 管 理 者 来 说 如 何 ,空 后 提 到 了 Academics are important. But …successful in work, 跟一个人能力有关,所以选 F 75. C 空前的 he best way to up your EQ 和选项中的 develop empathy 相关联 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,校报英文版正在开展“续写雷锋日记”活动。 请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,将你所做的一件好事以日记形式记述下来,向校报投稿。 注意:1.日记的开头已为你写好。 2.词数不少于 60。 This morning, when I was walking on the street, I saw that two travelers were reading a map, looking puzzled. It seemed they were lost. I went up to them and asked how I could help. They told me they were looking for the Temple of Heaven. I led them to the nearby bus stop and advised them to take Bus No. 20, the bus came. We waved good-bye to each other. Seeing them on the bus, I felt a kind of satisfaction. 4 幅图的要点分别是“偶遇游客”、“得知目的地”、“带领乘坐公交车”、“送行、致谢” 写作时先确定时态为过去时,然后分段:第一段是“偶遇游客”,第二段经过和结果,第 三段抒情,方才完成记叙文“记叙+抒情”的写作思路。 范文中运用了非谓语动词作状语, 非限定性定语从句等句式, appropriated、 用 satisfaction 和 puzzled 等对人物情绪做了合理联想和表达。 给考生的启示: 有限的写作时间内, 用有限的单词表现对于高级句式和词汇的掌握程度, 并以第一人称的角度对人物的感情做合理联想,使文章更为深刻。 第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so. One possible version: I think the white pencil, looking proud and delighted, is laughing at the black pencil by saying "You're nearing the end!" The black pencil, on the other hand, remains calm. The white pencil's words let him fall into deep thoughts. He clearly remembers he has been used in writing and drawing. It's true that he's approaching the end but he has been living a memorable life and there has rarely been a dull moment. In reality, we should learn from the black pencil: not to mind what others say so long as we are confident in what we have done. 立意可以是人生的价值在于过去所做的事情, 而不在于生命所处的阶段, 或者是新手应 该尊重前辈,并向前辈学习。 范文中运用插入语,非谓语动词对图片进行描述后,又对短铅笔的想法做了合理联想, 最后自然过渡到议论,比较自然。 给考生的启示:语言短小精悍,立意贴合图片,思路清晰连贯。

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