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八年级英语Modern-machines-Language课件2


Unit 3 Modern machines

The comparative and superlative of adjectives

英语中有时需要对两者或多者进行比较, 这时就需要用形容词的比较等级。
比较等级分为: 原级: cheap 比较级: cheaper 最高级: cheapest

expensive more expensive the most expensive

bigger big

biggest

The dog is bigger than the mouse. The horse is the biggest of all.

young

younger

youngest

The boy is younger than the man. The baby is the youngest of the three.

Tom

Li Lei Jim

Li Lei is taller than Tom.

Jim is the tallest of all.

¥10 ¥20 ¥30 The yellow coat is cheaper than the purple one. The brown coat is the cheapest of the three.

形容词比较级和最高级的构成:
规则变化

单音节形容词的 构成方法 一般在词尾加-er 或-est 以字母e结尾的 单词后加-r 或-st

原级

比较级

最高级

tall
nice fine

taller
nicer finer earlier heavier

tallest
nicest finest earliest heaviest

以“辅音字母+y” 结尾的双音节词,early 先改y为i, heavy 再加-er或-est

重读闭音节词尾 只有一个辅音字 母时,应先 双写 这个辅音字母, 再加 -er或 -est

thin big hot

thinner bigger hotter

thinnest biggest hottest

more 多 音节词 或少数 useful 双音节词 ,在词 useful 前加 more 或 most beautiful more
beautiful

most useful most
beautiful

1. 形容词比较级和最高级的构成 :

不规则变化 少数几个形容 词的比较级和 最高级的构成 是不规则的。
good/well

例词 better Best

bad/ill many/much little far old

worse more less farther (further) older elder

worst most least farthest furthest oldest eldest

写出下列形容词的 比较级和最高级:

cheap old nice happy early big

small high safe heavy easy wet

important difficult angry famous interesting excited good ill far little

Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the
words given. older than Richard. (old) 1. My sister is _____ more homework to do than I do today. 2. He has _____ (much) more exciting than volleyball? (exciting) 3. Is football ____________ cleaner than it used to be. (clean) 4. The town is _______

5. I’m ________ cleverer than his brother, Jim. (clever)
prettier than in the photo. (pretty) 6. I think she looks _______

more dangerous than the other one. 7. This road is ______________ (dangerous)
more important than I thought. 8. This problem is ______________ (important) farther than a young man? (far) 9. Can you walk _______ hotter in Wuhan than in 10. In summer it is much ______ Beijing. (hot) brighter Room 201 or Room 108? 11. Which is ________, (bright) the oldest boy in our class. (old) 12.Tom is _________

13. This is _______ the best city that we have ever visited. (good) 14. It was the ______ worst day of his life. (bad)

15. Susan’s flowers are ________________ the most beautiful of all.
(beautiful) the cleverest of the girls in the class. (clever) 16. Sue is ___________ She answered all the questions except the most difficult one. (difficult) _______________ colder than autumn; it is __________ the coldest 17. Winter is ______ of the four seasons. (cold)

boring play the day before 18. We watched a very ______ yesterday. (bore)

19. Pants cost _____ more than shorts. Shorts don’t cost
as much _____ as pants. (much) more lively today than yesterday. 20. The girl seems __________ lively yesterday as today. The girl didn’t seem so _____ (lively)

“比较”出来的英语
1. A friend is easier lost than found. 朋友易失不易得。 2. Enough is as good as a feast. 知足常乐。 3. Better to do well than to say well. 说得好不如做得好。 4. Better the last smile than the first laughter. 宁可最后微笑,不可首先狂喜。

“比较”出来的英语
5. Doing is better than saying. 会说不如会做。 6. Two heads are better than one. 两人智慧胜一人。 7. Good to begin well, better to end well. 善始好,善终更佳。 8. An eye finds more truth than two ears. 百闻不如一见。

A The comparative of adjectives
A2 Work in pairs to do this quiz. S1 asks the questions. S2 uses the information in the box to answer the questions.

the Nile — 6,700 km the Amazon — 6,300 km Africa Asia Greenland Borneo the Atlantic the Pacific — 30,233,000 sq km — 44,426,000 sq km — 2,715,592 sq km — 746,543 sq km — 9,219 m — 11,035 m

Which river is longer 1. S1: (river / long) __________________, the Nile or the Amazon? The Nile is longer S2: _______________. 2. S1: (continent / big) ________________ Which continent is bigger Africa or Asia? ______, Asia is bigger S2: ____________. Which island is larger 3. S1: (island / large) ___________________, Greenland or Borneo? Greenland is larger S2: _________________. Which ocean is deeper 4. S1: (ocean / deep) ____________________, the Atlantic or the Pacific? The Pacific is deeper S2: ___________________.

A3 Make sentences using the adjectives in the box. shallow short small

is shorter than the Nile 1.The Amazon ____________________. 2. Africa __________________. is smaller than Asia is smaller than Greenland 3. Borneo ______________________.

is shallower than the Pacific 4. The Atlantic _________________________.

B The superlative of adjectives
B2 Later, Pansy told Tony about her shopping trip. Complete Pansy’s sentences using the adjectives in the box.

expensive light old TONY: Did they show you any interesting cameras? most expensive model PANSY: Yes. (1) The ____________________ ¥1,580 costs _______. model was made (2) The oldest ___________ in _____. 2005 lightest model weighs (3) The _____________ 0.16 kg _______.

B3 Work in pairs. S1 asks the questions. S2 gives the answers. Follow the example. Remember to use the with the adjectives.
Example: (big) Earth, the moon or the sun?

S1: Which is the biggest, Earth, the moon or the sun?
S2: The sun is the biggest.

1. (small) a bee, a butterfly or a mosquito? S1: Which is the smallest, a bee, a butterfly or a mosquito? S2: A mosquito is the smallest. 2. (large) the Atlantic, the Pacific or the Indian Ocean?

S1: Which is the largest, the Atlantic, the Pacific or the Indian Ocean? S2: The Pacific is the largest.
3. (valuable) iron, silver or gold? S1: Which is the most valuable, iron, silver or gold? S2: Gold is the most valuable.

4. (hot) the North Pole, the South Pole or the Gobi Desert? S1: Which is the hottest, the North Pole, the South Pole or the Gobi Desert?

S2: The Gobi Desert is the hottest.
5. (heavy) a bear, a whale or an elephant? S1: Which is the heaviest, a bear, a whale or an elephant?

S2: A whale is the heaviest.

6. (senior) a policeman, an inspector or a chief inspector?
S1: Which is the most senior, a policeman, an inspector or a chief inspector? S2: A chief inspector is the most senior. 7. (fast) a rocket, a plane or a train?

S1: Which is the fastest, a rocket, a plane or a train? S2: A rocket is the fastest.

C The comparative and superlative of good, bad and far A few adjectives are irregular: good — better — best bad — worse — worst far — farther — farthest

C1 Look at the school record below and write T (True) or F (False) after the sentences.
T 1. Alice has the best marks in art.
T 2. Eric has worse marks in science than Martin. F 3. Belinda has better marks in art than Daisy. T 4. Peter has the worst marks in science. F 5. Pauline’s home is farther from school than Paul’s.

C2 Work in pairs. S1 asks S2 questions about the school record, using the adjectives in brackets in the correct form. S2 replies.
1. S1: Who _________________ has the best marks in art? (good) Alice S2: _____. has better marks in art, Belinda or 2. S1: Who _______________ Daisy? (good) Daisy S2: _____. 3. S1: Who _________________ has the best marks in science? (good) Daisy S2: _____. has better marks in art, Paul or 4. S1: Who _______________ Martin? (good) Paul S2: ____.

5. S1: Who _______________ has worse marks in science, Eric or Alice? (bad) Eric S2: ____. 6. S1: Who __________________ has the worst marks in art? (bad) Pauline S2: _______. farther (away) from school, 7. S1: Whose home is _________________ Belinda’s or Martin’s? (far) Martin’s S2: _______. the farthest (away) from 8. S1: Whose home is _____________________ school? (far) Daisy’s S2: _______. the nearest to school? (near) 9. S1: Whose home is __________ Eric’s S2: _____.

C3 Read the History teacher’s statement, and put the names in the table below. Name 1. Alice 2. peter 3. Daisy 4. Belinda 5. Paul 6. Eric 7. Martin History marks 78 75 73 70 64 63 61

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