江苏省启东中学 2015-2016 学年度第一学期第一次月考 高 三 英 语
本试卷分第 I 卷 (选择题) 和第 II 卷 (非选择题) 两部分， 共 120 分。 考试时间 120 分钟。
第 I 卷（选择题 三部分 共 85 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸 (卡) 上。 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1. Why does the man like his new room? A. It is larger than the old one. B. It is near the friends’ flats. C. It is close to the school. 2. How much will the man pay for two general tickets and two student tickets? A. $40. B. $20. C. $30. 3. What do we learn about Jack? A. He spoke to the boss. B. He gave orders like a boss. C. He worked there as a boss. 4. What does the woman suggest? A. The radio batteries have been replaced. B. They should get a new radio. C. They don’t really need to listen to the radio. 5. What do we learn about the woman? A. She can’t afford any dictionary. B. She has a better dictionary. C. She will plan for a good dictionary. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小 题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6—8 题。 6. What kind of color TV was the man going to buy? A. A small one. B. A big one. C. A cheap one. 7. What kind of color TV set does the woman suggest the man should buy? A. A small one. B. A big one. C. A cheap one. 8. Why does the woman give the man such a suggestion? A. It would be a waste of money. B. He might have to change it in a few years’ time. C. His sitting room is not very big. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。
9. Which language is beautiful and popular, according to the speaker? A. English. 10. What’s true about Spanish? A. It is popular in European countries. B. It is popular in Central Africa. C. It is popular in South America. 11. What determines the importance of a language? A. The number of the people who speak the language. B. The power of the country whose people speak the language. C. The words and the structures of the language. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is the weather probably like at the weekend? A. Sunny. 13. Where will they go? B. Rainy. C. Windy. C. Seashore. C. A bat. B. French. C. Portuguese.
A. Mountains. B. Desert. 14. What does the man ask the woman to take with her? A. A hat. B. A cat. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Why is the woman moving? A. To find a nicer place to live in. B. To live together with her parents. C. To have a better job in a new place. 16. Where do her parents live? A. In a big city. B. In a small village. 17. Why doesn’t the woman take her dog with her? A. She can’t take care of it.
C. In a nearby country.
B. Her parents don’t want her to take it. C. She thinks the dog might not be happy there. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What is the total number of students at Deep Springs College? A. 17,000. B. 24. C. 9,000. 19. Which of the following is TRUE of the Deep Spring College? A. It is located in a college town. B. Its library is often crowded with students. C. Its school buildings are old. 20. What can students at Deep Springs do in their spare time? A. Take a walk in the desert. B. Watch TV. C. Go to the cinema.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸 (卡) 上 将该项涂黑。 21. In the Olympic Games, swimming is ______ second ______ importance only to track and field event. A. the; to B. /; to C. the; in D. /; in 22. ______ is known to us all is that the old worker, ______ life was hard in the past, still works hard in his seventies.
A. As; whom B. What; whom C. It; whose D. What; whose 23. — What is the man, do you know? — I don’t know exactly. But I think he can be _______ but a teacher. A. anybody B. something C. anything D. everybody 24. —Could you tell me something about Holland in Europe? —It is a small country ______ size and population. A. in face of B. in terms of C. in need of D. in case of 25. If she hadn’t been sent on a business trip by her boss, she ______ be here with us now, enjoying the snow. A. would B. can C. will D. must 26. She is one of the most helpful, ______ and reliable people I have ever had the pleasure to know. A. apparent B. passive C. doubtful D. considerate 27. —Are you going to invite Jack to our party? —No, but he’s welcome to come along, ______ that he behaves himself. A. concerning B. considering C. regarding D. providing 28. Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures, some ______ a life span of around 20 years. A. having B. had C. have D. to have 29. The new method is indeed advanced and effective, quite different from _____ already in use. A. it B. what C. that D. which 30. Idioms often use a number of words to represent a single object, person or concept, ______, and it is easy to misunderstand what you read or hear spoken. A. among other things B. on the contrary C. by all means D. above anything else 31. —Why? Where is the key to the sound lab? —Dear me! You _____ it in the taxi！ A. have never left B. haven’t left C. never left D. didn’t leave 32. The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good ______. A. expectation B. reputation C. contribution D. civilization 33. —Dad, I have been appointed as manager of our company, but I’m worried about it. —Why worry? Increased responsibility can ______ your best qualities. A. bring in B. bring about C. bring up D. bring out 34. In today’s competitive economy, ______ everyone is trying to do more with less, you’ve got to figure out a way to profit from the very beginning. A. which B. that C. how D. where 35. ―Well, my daughters take great interest in most of the food on the menu. ―Thanks. _________? ―Salad, fried fish, chips and orange juice, please. A. Shall I take your order B. At your service C. What to follow D. Can I help you 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸(卡) 上将该项涂黑。 My wife and I have been together 17 years and have always had animals, but when we moved to Abu Dhabi we decided not to have pets. We thought we could 36 for it by volunteering for a couple of rescue organizations here in the Middle East. Then Rusty’s sad little face appeared on the 37 lists and we both just gave in. He was ours 38 we even met him. We just knew it. Rusty was a year old when he came to us. He was extremely 39 and blind in one eye with missing teeth from a violent 40 he had encountered (遇到) some time in his short life. He was also 41 to straighten his back legs fully, probably from being 42 in a cage far too small for him.
I sat on the floor of the foster carer’s lounge and Rusty came right up to me and 43 down with his head on my knee. It was a(n) 44 moment. His carer had not seen him 45 someone so completely before. We fell in love with him, took him home and set about 46 him into a happier animal. The first thing we had to do was 47 out what scared him. The answer was simple enough: 48 scared him. I think he was so 49 to bad things happening to him he just figured he lived in a world where only bad things happened. One of the things that really scared him was 50 , so I began making him less sensitive by giving him a stomach rub with my foot every time I passed. It took a while, 51 he soon came to realize that he would never be 52 again and took to rolling onto his back and wagging his tail to let me know that he was up for a rub. If I didn’t, he would 53 me to my writing desk and crawl under it, gently touching and pushing me to get my attention at my foot until he got what he wanted! Treating animals with dignity brings back memories of the best part of human 54 . Every time I interact with Rusty and our other rescued pets. I am 55 that they have nothing to offer but love and trust. There is no agenda on their behalf, other than to trust that I will do my best for them. 36. A. make B. compensate C. go D. prepare 37. A. waiting B. shopping C. danger D. adoption 38. A. until B. after C. before D. unless 39. A. tired B. thirsty C. hungry D. thin 40. A. feeling B. beating C. incident D. crime 41. A. eager B. unwilling C. unable D. ready 42. A. kept B. wrapped C. transformed D. spun 43. A. put B. knocked C. lay D. laid 44. A. physical B. mental C. intellectual D. emotional 45. A. believe B. trust C. envy D. adore 46. A. turning B. making C. putting D. translating 47. A. work B. bring C. carry D. rule 48. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything 49. A. opposed B. attached C. accustomed D. suited 50. A. legs B. feet C. ears D. eyes 51. A. but B. so C. and D. or 52. A. walked B. kicked C. abandoned D. overlooked 53. A. follow B. guide C. take D. direct 54. A. interest B. nature C. behavior D. welfare 55. A. warned B. informed C. reminded D. persuaded
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸(卡) 上将该项涂黑。 A Disneyland? Half Marathon presented by Cigna? Sunday, September 4, 2016 Start time: 5:30 AM Start/Finish: Disneyland? Resort
Catch all the Disney fun on the most magical course on earth! It’s the moment you’ve been training for. Your 13.1 mile run on a magical course in the Happiest Race on Earth takes you through Disney California Adventure Park along legendary Main Street, U.S.A. In Disneyland Park, and then on to the streets of Anaheim. You’ll complete your Disneyland Half Marathon race with an exciting finish near the Disneyland Hotel. It all adds up to miles of smiles, unforgettable memories, and a perfect ending to a magical Disneyland. The Disneyland Half Marathon Highlights Timed Half Marathon race ? 13.1-mile course through Disneyland Resort and the City of Anaheim, California ? Disney Characters and Entertainment on-course ? Family Reunion Area with live entertainment and characters at the Finish Line ? Race within walking distance when you stay at a Disneyland Resort Hotel ? Event transportation included when you stay at select Anaheim Area Hotels Disneyland Half Marathon Race Participants Receive ? Champion Short-Sleeved Tech Shirt in Women’s or Men’s Cut* ? Half Marathon Finisher Medal* ? Official Digital Event Guide* ? iGiftBag ? Personalized bib (Must register before June 2, 2015 for name to appear on bib)* ? On-course and post-race refreshments ? ChronoTrack B-tag timed race with live runner tracking signup for friends and family ? Personalized results website and finisher certificate To receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal, you must register for the Dumbo Double Dare. Registering for the 10K and Half Marathon individually will not make you eligible (合适的) to receive the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal. To compete, you must be 14 years of age or older and able to complete the Half Marathon in three and a half (3.5) hours or less (16-minute mile pace). Dates, times, prices and inclusions subject to change. All races are subject to capacity limits and may close at any time before the percentage can be updated. Registrations are non-refundable and non-transferable. Disney reserves the right to refuse the entry into, and/or revoke any registration for, any race for any reason in its sole discretion with refund of any applicable registration fees being the sole remedy of any such refusal and/or revocation. *Participants must attend Packet Pick-up at the run Disney Health & Fitness Expo to receive their race packet, bib, and tech shirt. Finisher medals will be distributed to finishers during the race. None of these items will be mailed to registrants. 56. You can read all the following except ______in the article. A. The course description of Half Marathon B. The distance of the Half Marathon C. The entry fee of the Half Marathon D. The time limits of the completion of the Half Marathon 57. We can infer from the advertisement that whoever runs the Half Marathon can get ______. A. the Dumbo Double Dare Finisher Medal B. Half Marathon Finisher Medal C. Personalized bib D. iGiftbag B
President Xi Jinping delivers a policy speech to Chinese and United States’ CEOs during a dinner reception in Seattle, Washington, September 22, 2015.
Beijing and Washington must read each other ’s strategic intentions correctly, and have “less estrangement (隔 阂，疏远) and suspicion in order to forestall (预先阻止) misunderstanding and miscalculation,” said Chinese President Xi Jinping Tuesday night in his first major policy speech on China-US ties since he arrived in the US early Tuesday. Xi called for more understanding and trust between the US and China, prior to his formal talks with President Barack Obama at the White House on Friday. “China is ready to set up a high-level joint-dialogue mechanism with the United States on fighting cybercrimes,” he said, adding that the Chinese government was a firm defender of cybersecurity while also being a victim of cybercrime. The world’s two largest economies “should strictly base our judgment on fact, for fear that we become victims to hearsay, paranoia, or self-imposed bias”. Xi made his remarks in a 40-minute speech, the only public speech during his US visit, at a dinner attended by more than 750 business leaders and other dignitaries (显要人物), including former secretary of State Henry Kissinger. It was sponsored by the National Committee on United States-China Relations and the US-China Business Council. In addition to cybersecurity, Xi raised other issues of concern to some in the US audience, including China’s stock market and investment. Xi said that the government had taken necessary steps to stabilize the stock market after recent turbulence (动荡) triggered wide concern. China’s central bank adjusted its currency exchange rate according to market supply and demand in August, which the president said has achieved “initial success” in correcting the currency rate deviation (货币汇率偏差). Xi also reiterated (重申) China’s opposition to cyber theft, in spite of high tensions between the two countries because the US has blamed several cyber attacks on China recently. “China is a strong defender of cybersecurity. It is also a victim of hacking,” Xi said. “The Chinese government will not, in whatever form, engage in commercial thefts or encourage or support such attempts by anyone. Both commercial cyber theft and hacking against government networks are crimes that must be punished in accordance with the law and relevant international treaties.” Xi also shared the story of his hard and starving youth in a remote village to illustrate what a Chinese dream means for ordinary Chinese people. Xi arrived at Seattle early Tuesday morning with his wife Peng Liyuan, and was warmly welcomed by Washington state business leaders and officials. US Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker said that while this week many significant deals will be announced during Xi’s visit, it exemplifies (例证) US companies’ commitment to support China’s development both with capital and world-class technology. Kissinger, who played a major role with opening relations between China and the United States in the 1970’s,
said Xi’s state visit is an important step in lifting the two countries’ relationship from the day to day solving of problems to the creating of a new world order. Xi will take part in a round-table discussion with Chinese and American executives, visit Boeing and Microsoft offices and a local high school before flying to Washington on Thursday morning. 58. What can we know about Xi’s visit in US? A. He met President Barack Obama at the White House on Tuesday. B. His major intention was to improve the China-US ties. C. He will make a formal policy speech on China-US ties on Friday. D. This was his first visit in US. 59. What can we NOT know about the speech? A. President Barack Obama was at the dinner, too. B. It was the only public speech during Xi’s visit there. C. It was sponsored by the National Committee on United States-China Relations and the US-China Business Council. D. It lasted 40 minutes and was made at a dinner. 60. What did Xi talk about at the speech? A. The stock market in US. B. China’s investment in Europe. C. The cybersecurity in China and US. D. His experience in New York when he was young. 61. How will US companies support China’s development? A. By investing money. B. By building factories in China. C. By exporting top-level talents to China. D. By providing China with high technology. C Outdoor air pollution leads to more than 3 million premature deaths each year, and more than two thirds of them occur in China and India, according to new research. The authors estimate that without government intervention, the total number of deaths could double by 2050. The study, published in the journal Nature, identifies particulate matter(悬浮微粒) as the prime pollutant leading to premature mortality. Particulate matter, a substance formed as a combination of different materials released into the air, is thought to be harmful to human health once it exceeds 2.5 micrometers in diameter. Researchers also identified ozone as a contributor to dangerous air quality. The causes of air pollution vary dramatically from place to place. In India and China, the study says, emissions from residential heating and cooking drive air pollution by creating unhealthy quantities of smoke. Overall, residential heating emissions cause one third of air pollution-related deaths worldwide. In highly regulated areas, like the United States, Europe and Japan, emissions from agriculture tend to be primary contributors to air pollution. Fertilizer used in agriculture releases ammonia into the atmosphere, a process that creates harmful particulate matter. Globally, air pollution from agriculture kills more than 600,000 people annually, the study finds. The findings are consistent with a 2014 report from the World Health Organization that suggested that 7 million deaths occur annually due to both indoor and outdoor air pollution. The study’s conclusions give a sense of urgency to efforts to reduce air pollution but present challenges because of difficulty regulating heating activity in people’s homes, according to study author Jos Lelieveld. People who live in the most affected areas should be provided with information about less toxic heating methods, he said. “It’s important to reduce emissions from residential energy use,” Lelieveld said on a conference call for journalists. “You can’t ask people to stop eating and cooking, but you can provide better technologies.” Air pollution contributes to a variety of ailments that eventually lead to premature mortality like lung cancer, stroke and heart failure, according to the study. Another study published this week in the journal Environmental
Health Perspectives reached similar conclusions showing the devastating (毁灭性的) effects of pollution on individual health. Researchers found that chronic exposure to particulate matter increases the chance of early death by 3%. That risk is especially high for heart disease; the chance a person will die of heart disease increases by around 10% with chronic exposure to particulate matter. Researchers found that the number of deaths is expected to double by 2050 without new government policies. Nearly all of the increase will occur in Asia, according to the report. 62. Which of the following contributes to the air pollution? A. Particulate matter. B. Ozone. C. Smoke. D. Both A and B. 63. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Residential heating emissions cause two thirds of air pollution-related deaths worldwide. B. 7 million deaths occur annually due to air pollution. C. Air pollution from agriculture kills more than 600,000 people annually. D. The causes of air pollution vary dramatically from place to place. 64. What might air pollution lead to? A. Lung cancer. B. Stroke. C. Heart failure. D. All above. 65. What can be inferred from the article? A. Residential energy use should be stopped. B. Chronic exposure to particulate matter increases the chance of early death by 3%. C. The number of deaths is expected to double by 2050 due to air pollution. D. It is urgent for the government to take action. D For years I have been asked by several people how and why I came to translate a novel by Virginia Woolf in 1945. I graduated from the University of Ankara in 1941 and my four teachers, including Orphan Burian, are members of the Translation Bureau who prepared a list of works to be translated into Turkish and set themselves to translating some of these, besides shouldering the heavy work of correcting or editing the translations submitted to the Bureau. Orphan Burian, now mostly known for his translations of Shakespeare, had started to translate To the Lighthouse for the Translation Bureau, but at the same time he wanted to do something from Shakespeare. So he transferred it to me. For me, To the Lighthouse was love at first sight or rather at first reading. To translate a book, I first read it from the beginning to the end. Then I started writing each sentence by hand. When I finished the whole book I read my translation from the beginning to the end, checking it with the original, and making corrections. Then I typed it, and read the typed copy, making changes again. All in all that added up to five readings. I started translating the novel in 1943 and submitted it to the Bureau in 1944. It was published in 1945 under the general title of “New English Literature” in the series called “Translations from World Literature” known as the “Classical Series”. So, the first book by Virginia Woolf in Turkish appeared in 1945, and it was To the Lighthouse. This was eighteen years after its publication in England in 1927. To me the book itself was pure poetry; I read it as if in a dream. Not trying to dive very deeply into it, I sort of swam on it or over it. Now, years later, I swim in it. Even after so many years, in each reading I become conscious of new layers of which I haven’t been aware before. It keeps pace with my experiences in life as years go by, and each reading is a new reading for me. In 1982 and again in 1989 I revised it for two new editions and I again did it sentence by sentence checking it with the original. In those years I had thought it was necessary to revise my translations every ten years, but now I think I must do it every three or four years. In a country like Turkey, where we work very hard to clear our language from old and new foreign words, we should try to be up to date as to the words we are using, and of the same importance are the studies being made on the methods or techniques of translation, and new approaches in translation. While translating, I usually have both the writer and the reader in mind. The novels she wrote after 1920 were especially new for most of the readers. She usually uses very short sentences, followed by rather long ones. I
remember sentences of more than ten lines which weren’t easy for me to translate as they were. And in Turkish our having only one word, the word “O”, for “he”, “she”, “it” in English, made me repeat the names of the characters more often than Woolf did. And I changed some long indirect sentences in the original into direct sentences in my translation, thinking it would make an easier reading in Turkish. When translating, I make use of all kinds of dictionaries. A difficult English word for me is the word “vision”. In To the Lighthouse, the artist Lily Briscoe is trying to finish the picture she has been drawing for some time and the novel ends with the following sentences: “Yes, she thought, laying down her brush extremely tired, I’ve had my vision.” And I’m still thinking about how to translate this remark into Turkish. 66. How and why did the writer come to translate To the Lighthouse? A. It was really a piece of good luck. B. She was the only qualified person for it. C. Virginia Woolf was very familiar to her. D. She was a member of the Translation Bureau. 67. What does the underlined part in paragraph 3 mean? A. The writer prefers the work very much. B. The writer likes the sport swimming. C. The writer is aware of her advantages. D. The writer has digested the book very well. 68. Why does the writer revise her translations more often now? A. Readers make new demands. B. Turkish is a language of mobility. C. Many mistakes are spotted in the old edition. D. She wants to make it more popular in the market. 69. While translating, the writer repeated the names of the characters to_________. A. make full use of the direct sentences B. emphasize all of these characters C.make her translation clearer in Turkish D. make her translation much briefer 70. The last paragraph mainly implies that_________. A. the writer is taking up a difficult job B. the writer’s translation needs improving C. English is a difficult language in the world D. remarks from characters are difficult to translate
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题 三部分 共 35 分）
第四部分 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分）
请根据所给汉语或首字母写出空缺处单词的适当形式，使句子完整，语法正确，每空只填一个单词。 71. When the ______(人造的，虚假的 ) flowers are contrasted with natural ones, you can hardly tell the difference. 72. After she stood for a moment in the fresh air, she had a brilliant ___________(灵感). 73. His ______(模棱两可的) directions confused us; we did not know which of the two roads to take. 74. He was arrested, ______(指控) with causing severe damage to property of the country. 75. The ______(相似处) between Mars and Earth were enough to keep alive hopes of some form of Martian life. 76. As we all know, it’s f______ cold in the water in winter. 77. Color is a medium for expressing different feelings, but the meaning of color is not c_____ across different cultures. 78. It is a luxurious (奢侈的) dream for children in the poverty-s_______ area to receive formal education.
79. A biblical idiom is often an expression that u______ the moral of a story and gives the audience a picture to help them understand the story better. 80. Today, some developing countries in Africa stand at a c______ while they are seeing great development, they are still poorer than many countries in other parts of the world.
任务型阅读（共 10 个小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意：请将 答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 High blood pressure is defined as 140 mmHg over 90 mmHg, and for years, doctors have used that measure as the threshold for prescribing anti-hypertensive drugs. But based on new recommendations, adults who are 60 or older can wait until their readings reach 150 over 90 or above to begin medication. After reviewing available evidence on the effects of blood pressure treatments, the Institute of Medicine’s Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) concluded that aggressive treatment can lead to lightheadedness, falls and fainting in elderly populations — so they advised loosening the guidelines for starting medication. But days after the guidelines were published, heart experts raised concerns about how the advice would affect patients; inadequately controlled blood pressure is a risk factor for heart attack and stroke. Members of the JNC8 who voted against the recommendations published an editorial in the Annals of Internal Medicine outlining their reasons for opposing the change. “We, the panel minority, believed that evidence was insufficient to increase the target goal from its current level because increasing the goal may cause harm by increasing the risk for CVD （心血管疾病） and partially undoing the remarkable progress in reducing cardiovascular mortality in Americans older than 60,” they wrote. Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum said she has not changed the way she treats her patients over 60. She says, “As a preventive cardiologist（心脏病学家）, these new guidelines have made me crazy. What we have learned is that blood pressure treatment even for a patient above 80 has been shown to be critical. It goes against everything we know as cardiologists.” Defending the panel’s decision, Dr. Paul A. James, co-chairman of the guidelines committee, said in an email to TIME, “I can assure you that the panel discussed the opinions of the minority members on three different occasions and the majority were not persuaded that the expert skills of a few members should override the scientific evidence.” James said that as with any medications, doctors will use the blood pressure recommendations as guidelines, and prescribe drugs based on their evaluation of each patient. “Medications prescribed by physicians all have the potential to be dangerous,” he wrote. “Educating doctors about the scientific evidence will help doctors make better decisions with patients. Physicians who practice on the basis of scientific evidence usually subscribe to simple rule — if the medicine cannot be shown to help the patient, then the medicine should not be prescribed.” The editorial isn’t likely to change them any time soon. But the concerns should urge doctors to monitor their patients more closely and tailor medications and their doses more carefully.
Doctors are fighting over blood pressure guidelines
* (81) _______treatment can cause lightheadedness, falls and fainting in elderly populations. * It’s officially (82) _____ that adults of 60 or older start medication only when their blood pressure reaches 150 mmHg
* Heart experts are concerned that blood pressure under inadequate control involves a(n) (84) ______ * A minority of members of the JNC8 thought the new guidelines (85) _______ enough evidence. * Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum considered that it’s (86)______ to provide such treatment based on one’s age.
* Compared with the expert skills of a few members, the scientific evidence is more (87) ______. * It’s worth (88) ______ doctors about the scientific evidence. * With scientific evidence, physicians will follow the (89) _______ — if the medicine is not helpful, then the medicine should not be prescribed. Doctors are urged to be more (90) _______.
书面表达 (共 1 题，满分 20 分)
请你根据对下面这幅漫画的理解，以“Come back to reality”为题，用英语写一篇作文。
你的作文应包括以下内容： 1. 简要描述漫画的内容； 2. 概述你对这幅图的理解； 3. 举例说明你会怎样做。 注意： 1. 可参照漫画适当发挥； 2. 作文词数 150 左右。
Come back to reality
As is shown in the picture, _____________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
听力 1-5 ACBBC 单项填空 21-25 DDCBA 完形填空 36-40 BDCDB 阅读理解 56-57 CD 单词拼写 71. artificial 76. freezing 任务型阅读 81. aggressive 86.unreasonable 书面表达
72. inspiration 77. consistent
73. ambiguous 78. stricken
74. charged 79. underlines
75. similarities 80. crossroads
Come back to reality
As is shown in the picture, a woman is sitting in front of the computer and trying to add more friends to her facebook. Just outside the door, some people are eagerly watching her, hoping to make friends with her. This picture reminds me of many young people who are computer addicts. They lost themselves in the virtual world and if it continues, they will eventually be cut off from reality. There is no doubt that the virtual world can be exciting, but that’s not the reason for us to go too far. Too much time and energy devoted to the Internet can lead to a disaster, mentally and physically. The real world that we live in is what counts. As for myself, I’ll devote myself to worthwhile things in real life, from making friends to my studies. If necessary, I will seek information on the Internet, but I won’t be addicted to it. Only in this way can I make my life full and valuable.
听力原材料 Text 1 W: Do you like your new room? M: It’s nice to have enough space for all my things, so I’m glad I moved. But I miss my friends and neighbors. I especially miss living so close to the school. Text 2 M: How much are the tickets? W: They’re ten dollars each for the general public, but student tickets are half price. Text 3
W: Do you get along well with Jack at the office? M: He ordered everyone about as if he were the boss there. Text 4 M: We really need to replace the batteries in that radio. W: Why not the whole radio? Text 5 W: I think I should buy a better dictionary. But I spent too much money on my new dress. M: You should plan first. Good dictionaries do cost a lot of money nowadays. Text 6 M: We’ve just moved into a house. W: Really? Congratulations! M: Thank you, and we want to buy a new television set. W: What kind of television set do you want to buy? M: A color TV set, of course, but I’m not sure about the size. Maybe we should buy a big one. If we buy a small one, we might have to change it in a few years’ time for a bigger one. That would be a waste of money. What’s your opinion? W: In my opinion, I don’t think it’s necessary to buy a very big one. M: Any reason? W: Yes. As I know, your sitting room isn’t very big. If you put in a very big television, it will be bad for your eyes, and a small TV set can still pick up good programmes. M: Mm, that’s quite sure. I’ll think about it. W: You’d better make a quick decision because the price may go up soon. Text 7 M: Today, let’s talk about certain countries of the world and about the languages which the people of these countries speak. First of all, in what countries of the world is English spoken? W: English is spoken in Britain, the United States, Canada, and Australia. M: Where is Spanish spoken? W: Spanish is spoken in all the important countries of South America except Brazil. What language is spoken in Brazil? M: Portuguese is spoken in Brazil. W: What language is spoken in France, Germany, Russia? M: In France, the people speak French, in Germany they speak German, in Russia, Russian. W: These are all important languages. Of course, there are also Italian, Japanese, and Chinese. English is perhaps the most popular language in the world today and people in schools everywhere study English. Spanish is almost equally spoken everywhere without Central and South America. French is a beautiful and popular language. Languages change, of course and their importance changes with the importance of the nations they represent. When a nation becomes more important and more powerful, its languages grow in importance. When a nation become less powerful, its language naturally decreases in importance. Text 8 W: Sue, what are your plans for the weekend? M: I do not know for sure. I am thinking of seeing a film． W: Oh, no. that’s too boring, sitting there still and watching for hours. M: Do you have any good suggestions? W: What about joining us in going to the seashore? We have planned it for quite a while. We can have a lot of fun there. Say swim, surf, play volleyball, barbecue, enjoy the sunshine, etc. Wow, I can’t wait any longer. M: Sounds great! It looks like a sunny weekend. It could be fun going there. W: Absolutely. Come and join us. M: Okay. Should I bring anything? W: Take your hat with you so you won’t get burnt. M: Got it!
Text 9 M: Hi, Jenny. Is it true you are moving to London? W: Yes, it is. M: What made you decide to do that? W: Work, mainly. I’m sure I’ll be able to find a job there． M: You are probably right. But where are you going to live? W: I hope I will find a flat to share with somebody. That’ll be cheaper. M: Yes, that’s a good idea. Are you taking your dog with you? W: No, I don’t think so. My parents have offered to take care of him, and I don’t think he’d be happy in the city. M: You are probably right. But aren’t you afraid of moving to such a big place, especially after living in a small village? W: Not really. I think I’ll enjoy myself. There’s so much to do there. I expect I won’t miss the countryside much and I can always come back and visit. M: Well, I just hope you’ll invite me to stay when you get settled. W: Of course I will. Text 10 Deep Springs is an American college. It is an unusual college. It is high in the White Mountains in California not in college town. The campus is a collection of old buildings with no beautiful classrooms. The only college-like thing about Deep Springs is its library. Students can borrow from the 17,000 books 24 hours a day. The library is never crowded as there are only 24 excellent boy students at the college. And there are only 5 professors. These teachers believe in the idea of the college. They are not well paid. In fact, their salaries are only about 9,000 dollars a year. The college gives the teachers and students something more important than money. There is no place like Deep Springs. Students are there to learn and they cannot run away from problems because there is no place to escape to. At most colleges students can close their books and go to a film. They can go out to restaurants or to parties, but the students in Deep Springs have completely difficult activities. They can talk to each other or their teachers. They might go out for a walk in the desert. Deep Springs is far from the world of restaurants and cinemas. There is not even a television set on the campus.