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Topic24新闻报道(写作指导)


写作指导十五

新闻报道

写作指导

写作指导

新闻报道是典型的应用文体裁。掌握新闻的六要素,即人物( who)、事件(what)、时间(when)、地点(where)、原因(why)、方

式(how)。它的结构一般分为四个部分:标题、导语、主体、结语
。标题是新闻报道的题目,是对最有新闻价值的内容的浓缩、概 括、提炼和再创作。导语是新闻报道开头的第一段或第一句话,

它扼要地揭示出新闻报道的核心内容。主体是新闻报道的主要
部分,它用充分的事实表现主题。新闻报道的结语一般是最后一 句话或者一段话,通常对全文内容作概括性的总结,或对新闻事件 的发展趋势作出预测。有时,作者根据报道的事实在结语中提出 令人深思的问题。

常用句式 (1)Now there is a growing awareness that... (2)There are some articles in today’s paper about Hope Project. (3)There was nothing interesting in the paper today. (4)The first two chapters of the story are in the issue of the magazine.

(5)The heavy fog leaves us into deep thought.
(6)The three-day conference has come to a close. (7)It is said that many people are against the new traffic rules.

(8)Only in this way can we bridge the generation gap between
parents and children.

写作典例 (2013江西) 星光中学(Xingguang High School)近期举行了一次登山活动。假 定你是学校英语报记者,请写一篇短文,报道此次活动。内容包括 : 1.时间与地点:4月10日,大青山(Daqing Mountain);

2.活动的过程;
3.你对于这次活动的评论。 注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

【范文】 In order to encourage the students to take outdoor exercise,our school organized a mountain-climbing on April 10.Hundreds of us took part in it. It was a nice day.At 8:00,we gathered at the foot of Daqing Mountain and set out for the top in high spirits.All the way we were chatting,singing and lau ghing,enjoying the fresh air and the beautiful scenery.When some fell behind,others would come and offer help.About 2 hours later,we all reached the top.Bathed in the sunshine,we jumped and cheered with joy. The activity benefited us a lot.Not only did it get us close to nature and

give us relaxation from heavy schoolwork,it also promoted the friendship
among us.What a wonderful time!

【写作点评】 (1)文章开门见山,用in order to引出本活动的目的。 (2)第二段对活动过程的报道运用了不同的句式和动词形式。运 用了过去分词作状语,彰显了作者的写作功底。 (3)最后一段中用了两个高级句式:not only引导的倒装句式和wha

t引导的感叹句。

跟踪训练1 假如你是李华,对今年一月出现的严重雾霾记忆犹新,认为绿色 生活方式对于改善空气质量十分有益。请根据下列要点写一篇短 文,向校刊“英语角”栏目投稿。 简述雾霾情况 倡导绿色生活

持续三周左右 影响全国很多地方 造成极大不便

乘坐公交车出行 节约水、电、纸张 ……

注意:1.词数:120左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Greener Life,Cleaner Air

It is not easy to forget the heavy smog that occurred in January.

【范文】 Greener Life,Cleaner Air It is not easy to forget the heavy smog that occurred in January. It lasted

for about three weeks and affected many areas in China, causing much
inconvenience and even did harm to our life and health. The incident warns us to take action to fight for clean air before it’s too

late! And I believe a green lifestyle can make a big difference to the air
quality! Firstly, it’s good to take buses or other means of public transport-a tion rather than cars whenever possible.What’s more,be aware to save water, electricity and paper.Moreover,recycle whatever we can.Last but not least, don’t forget to influence those around you to follow!

跟踪训练2:(2015.温州模拟) 2013年初,为了抑制浪费,一些网民发起了“光 盘行动”,受到人们的普遍欢迎。 最近。你校学生会向同学们发出“光盘行动”的 倡议,旨在引导同学们节约粮食,抵制浪费。 你是学校的英语记者,请根据下面的提示,为校 报的英语专栏写一篇稿件。 1.列举学校餐厅的浪费现象; 2.学校开展“光盘行动”的情况; 3.你的看法。 注意:词数为120左右。 参考词汇:“光盘行动”“Clear Your Plate” campaign

In the past, a lot of food was wasted in our school canteen. Some students threw away some food because it was not delicious as expected. Others left the food on the plate because they bought too much. Last month the Students’ Union of our school launched Clear Your Plate” campaign, which aims to call on us students to eat up all the food we bought. Now there is less leftover in our school canteen because we think it shameful to waste food. In my view, everyone should form the habit of saving food. We can share our food with our good friends, which can strengthen our friendship and save money as well.


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