2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试（上海卷） 英 语
第Ⅰ 卷（共 105 分） I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. A basketball player. C. A window washer. 2. A. She is not hungry. C. She is not tired. 3. A. Promising. B. Isolated B. A laundry worker. D. A rock climber B. She wants to cook. D. She wants to dine out. C. Crowded. D. Modern
4. A. To a stationery shop. C. To a paint store. 5. A. The man can see a different view. C. The man cannot afford the food. 6. A. She reads different kinds of books. B. She also finds the book difficult to read. C. She is impressed by the characters. D. She knows well how to remember names. 7. A. The man will go to the post office. B. The post office is closed for the day. C. The woman is expecting the newspaper. D. The delivery boy has been dismissed. 8. A. She is not sure if she can join them. B. She will skip the class to see the film. C. She will ask the professor for leave.
B. To a gymnasium. D. To a news stand. B. The food is not tasty enough. D. The food is worth the price.
D. She does not want to see a film. 9. A. Fashion designing is a booming business. B. School learning is a must for fashion designers. C. He hopes to attend a good fashion school. D. The woman should become a fashion designer. 10. A. Few people drive within the speed limit. B. Drivers usually obey traffic rules. C. The speed limit is really reasonable. D. The police stop most drivers for speeding Section B Directions: In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. A book publisher. C. A magazine editor. 12. A. Some training experience. C. Russian assistants' help. 13. A. Lynn?s devotion to the family. B. A company manager. D. A school principal. B. A happy family. D. A good memory. B. Lynn?s busy and successful life.
C. Lynn?s great performance at work. D. Lynn?s efficiency in conducting programs. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Economic questions. C. Academic questions. 15. A. Work experience. C. Problem-solving abilities. B. Routine questions. D. Challenging questions. B. Educational qualifications. D. Information-gathering abilities.
16. A. Features of different types of interview. B. Skills in asking interview questions. C. Changes in three interview models.
D. Suggestions for different job interviews. Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Latest Conference Information Date: Place: Registration fee: Speaker: Speech topic: 8th __17__ Palace __18__, Shanghai $ __19 __ Carla Marisco from Milan University Opportunities and Risks in the __20__ Market
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. An Interview with David, a Skateboarding (滑板运动) Lover What was David's schoolwork like? He was able to get his schoolwork done __21__. What was his only problem at school? Why did he say the new headmaster was wonderful? How was his new style different from other skaters? It was robot-like, with __24__. He let students __23__ of their own. He was unable to __22__ in class.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. — I?m looking for a nearby place for my holiday. Any good ideas? — How about the Moon Lake? It is ________ easy reach of the city. A. by B. beyond C. within D. from
26. Those who smoke heavily should remind ________ of health, the bad smell and the feelings of other people. A. theirs B. them C. themselves D. oneself
27. Bob called to tell his mother that he couldn?t enter the house, for he ________ his key at school. A. had left B. would leave C. was leaving D. has left
28. It?s a ________ clock, made of brass and dating from the nineteenth century. A. charming French small C. small French charming B. French small charming D. charming small French
29. The school board is made up of parents who ________ to make decisions about school affairs. A. had been elected C. have been elected B. had elected D. have elected
30. They promised to develop a software package by the end of this year, ________ they might have. A. however difficult C. whatever difficulty B. how difficult D. what difficulty
31. The judges gave no hint of what they thought, so I left the room really ______. A. to be worried B. to worry C. having worried D. worried
32. The students are looking forward to having an opportunity ________ society for real-life experience. A. explore B. to explore C. exploring D. explored
33. I have no idea ________ the cell phone isn?t working, so could you fix it for me? A. what B. why
34. Young people may risk ________ deaf if they are exposed to very loud music every day. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone
35. Sophia got an e-mail ________ her credit card account number. A. asking for B. ask for C. asked for D. having asked for
36. I cannot hear the professor clearly as there is too much noise ____ I am sitting. A. before B. until C. unless D. where
37. ________ at the photos, illustrations, title and headings and you can guess what the reading is about. A. To look B. Looking C. Having looked D. Look
38. An ecosystem consists of the living and nonliving things in an area ________ interact with one another. A. that B. where C. who D. what
39. Among the crises that face humans ________ the lack of natural resources. A. is B. are C. is there D. are there
40. Some people care much about their appearance and always ask if they look fine in ________ they are wearing. A. that B. what C. how D. which
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each
word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. (324 words) A. restore F. locating B. recall G. instead C. processing D. previously E. necessary J. composition
H. fascinating I. elsewhere
As infants, we can recognize our mothers within hours of birth. In fact, we can recognize the 41 of our mother?s face well before we can recognize her body shape.
how the brain can carry out such a function at such a young age, especially
since we don?t learn to walk and talk until we are over a year old. By the time we are adults, we have the ability to distinguish around 100,000 faces. How can we remember so many faces when many of us find it difficult to 43 such a simple thing as a
phone number? The exact process is not yet fully understood, but research around the world has begun to define the specific areas of the brain and processes facial recognition. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe that they have succeeded in 45 a specific area of the brain called the fusiform face area 44 for
(FFA), which is used only for facial recognition. This means that recognition of familiar objects such as our clothes or cars, is from 46 in the brain. Researchers also have
found that the brain needs to see the whole face for recognition to take place. It had been 47 thought that we only needed to see certain facial features. Meanwhile,
research at University College London has found that facial recognition is not a single process, but 48 involves three steps. The first step appears to be an analysis of the
physical features of a person?s face, which is similar to how we scan the bar codes of our groceries. In the next step, the brain decides whether the face we are looking at is already known or unknown to us. And finally, the brain furnishes the information we have collected about the person whose face we are looking at. This complex 49 is
done in a split second so that we can behave quickly when reacting to certain situations.
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. context. (347 words) Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the
Over the past few decades, more and more countries have opened up the markets, increasingly transforming the world economy into one free-flowing global market. The
question is：Is economic globalization
According to the World Bank, one of its chief supporters, economic globalization has helped reduce 51 in a large number of developing countries. It quotes one 52 to improved education and longer life in
study that shows increased wealth
twenty-four developing countries as a result of integration (融合) of local economies into the world economy. Home to some three billion people, these twenty-four countries have seen incomes 53 at an average rate of five percent—compared to two
percent in developed countries. Those who 54 globalization claim that economies in developing countries 55 , 56
will benefit from new opportunities for small and home-based businesses. small farmers in Brazil who produce nuts that would originally have sold only in open-air markets can now promote their goods worldwide by the Internet.
Critics take a different view, believing that economic globalization is actually 57 the gap between the rich and poor. A study carried out by the U.N.-sponsored
World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization shows that only a few developing countries have actually 58 from integration into the world economy
and that the poor, the uneducated, unskilled workers, and native peoples have been left behind. 59 , they maintain that globalization may eventually threaten emerging
businesses. For example, Indian craftsmen who currently seem to benefit from globalization because they are able to competition that could pot them out of 60 61 their products may soon face fierce . When large-scale manufacturers start to
produce the same goods, or when superstores like Wal-Mart move in, these small businesses will not be able to 62 and will be crowded out. 63 . Advances in
One thing is certain about globalization—there is no
technology combined with more open policies have already created an interconnected world. The 64 now is finding a way to create a kind of globalization that works
for the benefit of all.
50. A. possible 51. A. crime
B. smooth B. poverty
C. good C. conflict
D. easy D. population
52. A. contributing 53. A. remain 54. A. doubt 55. A. In addition 56. A. mature 57. A. finding 58. A. suffered 59. A. Furthermore 60. A. consume 61. A. trouble 62. A. keep up 63. A. taking off 64. A. agreement
B. responding B. drop B. define B. For instance B. new B. exploring B. profited B. Therefore B. deliver B. business B. come in B. getting along B. prediction
C. turning C. shift C. advocate C. In other words C. local C. bridging C. learned C. However C. export C. power C. go around C. holding out C. outcome
D. owing D. increase D. ignore D. All in all D. foreign D. widening D. withdrawn D. Otherwise D. advertise D. mind D. help out D. turning back D. challenge
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (335 words) A For some people, music is no fun at all. About four percent of the population is what scientists call “amusic.” People who are amusic are born without the ability to recognize or reproduce musical notes (音调). Amusic people often cannot tell the difference between two songs. Amusics can only hear the difference between two notes if they are very far apart on the musical scale. As a result, songs sound like noise to an amusic. Many amusics compare the sound of music to pieces of metal hitting each other. Life can be hard for amusics. Their inability to enjoy music set them apart from others. It can be difficult for other people to identify with their condition. In fact, most people cannot begin to grasp what it feels like to be amusic. Just going to a restaurant or a shopping mall can be uncomfortable or even
painful. That is why many amusics intentionally stay away from places where there is music. However, this can result in withdrawal and social isolation. “I used to hate parties,” says Margaret, a seventy-year-old woman who only recently discovered that she was amusic. By studying people like Margaret, scientists are finally learning how to identify this unusual condition. Scientists say that the brains of amusics are different from the brains of people who can appreciate music. The difference is complex, and it doesn?t involve defective hearing. Amusics can understand other nonmusical sounds well. They also have no problems understanding ordinary speech. Scientists compare amusics to people who just can?t see certain colors. Many amusics are happy when their condition is finally diagnosed (诊断). For years, Margaret felt embarrassed about her problem with music. Now she knows that she is not alone. There is a name for her condition. That makes it easier for her to explain. “When people invite me to a concert, I just say, ?No thanks, I?m amusic,?” says Margaret. “I just wish I had learned to say that when I was seventeen and not seventy.”
65. Which of the following is true of amusics? A. Listening to music is far from enjoyable for them. B. They love places where they are likely to hear music. C. They can easily tell two different songs apart. D. Their situation is well understood by musicians. 66. According to paragraph 3, a person with “defective hearing” is probably one who __________. A. dislikes listening to speeches C. has a hearing problem B. can hear anything nonmusical D. lacks a complex hearing system
67. In the last paragraph, Margaret expressed her wish that __________. A. her problem with music had been diagnosed earlier B. she were seventeen years old rather than seventy C. her problem could be easily explained D. she were able to meet other amusics
68. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. Amusics? strange behaviors. B. Some people?s inability to enjoy music. C. Musical talent and brain structure. D. Identification and treatment of amusics.
B (268 words)
Home Laundry Automatic Dryer Product Full Two Year Warranty (保修) Limited Five Year Warranty on Cabinet (机箱) Warranty Provides for： FIRST TWO YEARS Amana will repair or replace any faulty part free of charge. THIRD THRU FIFTH YEARS Amana will provide a free replacement part for any cabinet which proves faulty due to rust (生锈)。
Warranty Limitations： Owner’s Responsibilities： ? Warranty begins at date of original purchase. ? Provide sales receipt. ? Applies only to product used within the United ? Normal care and maintenance. States or in Canada if product is approved by ? Having the product reasonably Canadian Standards Association when shipped accessible for service. from factory. ? Pay for service calls related to product ? Products used on a commercial or rental basis installation or usage instructions. not covered by this warranty. ? Pay for extra service costs, over normal ? Service must be performed by an Amana service charges, if servicer is requested servicer. to perform service outside servicer?s ? Adjustments covered during first year only. normal business hours. Warranty Does Not Cover It If： In no event shall Amana be responsible ? Product has damage due to product alteration, for consequential damages.﹡ connection to an improper electrical supply, *This warranty gives you specific legal shipping and handling, accident, fire, floods, rights, and you may have others which lightning or other conditions beyond the control vary from state to state. For example, of Amana. some states do not allow the exclusion or ? Product is improperly installed or applied. limitation of consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
69. According to Warranty Limitations, a product can be under warranty if _____. A. shipped from a Canadian factory C. repaired by the user himself B. rented for home use D. used in the U.S.A.
70. According to Owner?s Responsibilities, an owner has to pay for __________. A. the loss of the sales receipt C. the product installation B. a servicer?s overtime work D. a mechanic?s transportation
71. Which of the following is true according to the warranty? A. Consequential damages are excluded across America. B. A product damaged in a natural disaster is covered by the warranty. C. A faulty cabinet due to rust can be replaced free in the second year. D. Free repair is available for a product used improperly in the first year.
C (392 words)
A team of engineers at Harvard University has been inspired by Nature to create the first robotic fly. The mechanical fly has become a platform for a series of new high-tech integrated systems. Designed to do what a fly does naturally, the tiny machine is the size of a fat housefly. Its mini wings allow it to stay in the air and perform controlled flight tasks. “It?s extremely important for us to think about this as a whole system and not just the sum of a bunch of individual components (元件),” said Robert Wood, the Harvard engineering professor who has been working on the robotic fly project for over a decade. A few years ago, his team got the go-ahead to start piecing together the components. “The added difficulty with a project like this is that actually none of those components are off the shelf and so we have to develop them all on our own,” he said. They engineered a series of systems to start and drive the robotic fly. “The seemingly simple system which just moves the wings has a number of interdependencies on the individual components, each of which individually has to perform well, but then has to be matched well to everything it?s connected to,” said Wood. The flight device was built into a set of power, computation, sensing and control
systems. Wood says the success of the project proves that the flying robot with these tiny components can be built and manufactured. While this first robotic flyer is linked to a small, off-board power source, the goal is eventually to equip it with a built-in power source, so that it might someday perform data-gathering work at rescue sites, in farmers? fields or on the battlefield. “Basically it should be able to take off, land and fly around,” he said. Wood says the design offers a new way to study flight mechanics and control at insect-scale. Yet, the power, sensing and computation technologies on board could have much broader applications. “You can start thinking about using them to answer open scientific questions, you know, to study biology in ways that would be difficult with the animals, but using these robots instead,” he said. “So there are a lot of technologies and open interesting scientific questions that are really what drives us on a day to day basis.”
72. The difficulty the team of engineers met with while making the robotic fly was that __________. A. they had no model in their mind B. they did not have sufficient time
C. they had no ready-made components D. they could not assemble the components 73. It can be inferred from paragraphs 3 and 4 that the robotic fly __________. A. consists of a flight device and a control system B. can just fly in limited areas at the present time C. can collect information from many sources D. has been put into wide application 74. Which of the following can be learned from the passage? A. The robotic flyer is designed to learn about insects. B. Animals are not allowed in biological experiments. C. There used to be few ways to study how insects fly. D. Wood?s design can replace animals in some experiments. 75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Father of Robotic Fly B. Inspiration from Engineering Science
C. Robotic Fly Imitates Real Life Insect D. Harvard Breaks Through in Insect Study
Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A—F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need.
A. Healthy way of life giving way to overuse of medicine B. Different findings as to taking additional vitamin C. EU?s response to overuse of health products D. Worrying increase in multivitamin advertising E. EU directive for the benefit of individuals F. EU directive against prediction in novels
76. ______________________________________ The use of health supplements such as multivitamin tablets has increased greatly in the western world. People take these supplements because advertising suggests that they prevent a range of medical conditions from developing. However, there is concern that people are consuming worryingly high doses of these supplements and the European Union (EU) has issued a directive that will ban the sale of a wide range of them. This EU directive should be supported.
77. _________________________________ Research suggests that people who take Vitamin C supplements of over 5000 milligrams a day are more likely to develop cancer. This shows how much damage these health supplements do to people?s health. A spokesman for the health supplement industry has argued that other research shows that Vitamin C supplements help prevent
heart disease, but we can dismiss this evidence as it is from a biased source.
78. __________________________________ Science fiction of the 1960s and 1970s predicted that pills would replace meals as the way in which people would get the fuel they needed. This, it was argued, would mean a more efficient use of time as people wouldn?t have to waste it preparing or eating meals. The EU directive would help prevent this nightmare of pills replacing food becoming a reality.
79. ______________________________ People already take too many pills instead of adopting a healthier lifestyle. For example, the consumption of painkillers in Britain in 1998 was 21 tablets per year for every man, woman and child in the country. People do not need all these pills.
80. ______________________________ Some might argue that the EU directive denies people?s right to freedom of choice. However, there are many legal examples for such intervention when it is in the individual?s best interests. We now make people wear seatbelts rather than allowing them to choose to do so. Opposing the EU directive would mean beneficial measures like this would be threatened.
Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.
A study of more than five million books, both fiction and non-fiction, has found a marked decline in the use of emotional words over time. The researchers form the University of Bristol used Google Ngram Viewer, a facility for finding the frequency of terms in scanned books, to search for more than 600 particular words identified as representing anger, dislike, fear, joy, sadness and surprise.
They found that almost all of the categories (类别) showed a drop in these “mood words” over time. Only in the category of fear was there an increase in usage. “It is a steady and continuous decrease,” said Dr Alberto Acerbi. He assumed t hat the result might be explained by a change in the position occupied by literature, in a crowded media landscape. “One thing could be that in parallel to books the 20th century saw the start of other media. Maybe these media—movies, radio, drama—had more emotional content than books.” Although both joy and sadness followed the general downwards trend, the research, published in the journal PLOS One, found that they also exhibited another interesting behaviour：the ratio (比率) between the two varied greatly, apparently mirroring historical events. During the Roaring Twenties the joy-to-sadness ratio reached a peak that would not occur again until before the recent financial crash. But the ratio plunged at the height of the Second World War. Nevertheless, the researchers held a reserved opinion about their claim that their result reflected wider social trends. In the paper, they even argue that the reverse could be true. “It has been suggested, for example, that it was the suppression (压抑) of desire in ordinary Elizabethan English life that increased demand for writing ?filled with romance and sex?… perhaps,” they conclude, “songs and books may not reflect the real population any more than catwalk models reflect the average body.”
(Note：Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 81. A study of more than five million books indicated a decline in “mood words” over time except _______________. 82. According to Dr Alberto Acerbi, one reason for the drop of “mood words” in books may be that _______________. 83. What were the two periods when the joy-to-sadness ratio was at its highest? ________________________________________________________________ 84. While the researchers found some changes in the use of “mood words” in
books, they were not sure that _______________.
2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试（上海卷） 英语试题参考答案 第I卷
第一大题第 1 至第 10 小题，每题 1 分；第 11 至第 16 小题，每题 2 分；第 17 至第 24 小题，每题 1 分，共 30 分。 1—5 CDBAD 17. November / Nov. 21. with good grades 6—10 BCABA 8. Centre / Center 22. sit still 11—16 DDBBCA 19. 850 20. African 24. new tricks
23. plan /create PE classes
第二大题每小题，共 25 分 25 C 26—30 CADCC 31—35 DBBCA 46—49 IDGC 36—40 DDAAB
第三大题第 50 至 64 小题，每题 1 分；每 65 至 75 小题，每题 2 分；第 76 至 80 小题，每题 1 分；第 81 至 84 小题，每题 2 分。共 50 分。 50 C 51—55 BADCB 56—60 CDBAC 72—75 CBDC 61—64 BADD 76—80 CBFAE
81. in the category of fear 82. the literary position has changed in a crowded media landscape / other media—movies, radio, drama— had more emotional content 83. During the roaring Twenties and before the recent financial crash. 84. their research result reflected wider social trends / songs and books reflected the real population
第Ⅱ 卷 I. Translation
第 1 题 3 分，第 2-4 题每题 4 分，第 5 题 5 分，共 20 分。
1. We enjoyed ourselves this New Year?s Day this year. 2. My uncle sent me a card yesterday to congratulate / congratulating me on my 18th birthday. 3. After years of / years? construction, the little town is now as lively as it was before the earthquake / it used to be before the earthquake. 4. The performance began with a piece of classical music which was familiar to people in their fifties. 5. No sooner had she watched the TV program on the extinct species than she made up her mind to join the wildlife protection organization.
II. Guided Writing Possible version 1
Dear Sir or Madam: I have heard from the newspaper that you, the Shanghai Museum, are planning to organize a famous painting exhibition. And you are now collecting suggestions about whether to hold it in your museum or the art gallery. I am now writing to express my opinion that the exhibition should be held in the museum. My reasons are as follows. In terms of convenience, the museum has more advantages over the gallery. First, it is located in the People?s Square, which is the center of the city. So people can enjoy convenient transportation such as the subway line 1, 2 and 8, which are available to people from nearly every district. It saves the visitors a lot of time and trouble of traffic jam. Another advantage is that it is easy to be found by those from other provinces around the country. After all the Shanghai Museum is a landmark of our city familiar to nearly every Chinese. With regard to the professional function, though it seems natural that an art exhibition be set in the gallery, in a more general sense, I think the museum has more advanced facilities to make the exhibition successful and to preserve the paintings well. As we know, the museum has successfully held many national and international
exhibitions and its advertising and organizing experience is of no match; also its staff is qualified and professional. To sum up, I am sure the show will be fantastic if it is held in Shanghai Museum. (248 words)
Possible version 2 To whom it may concern： I?ve learned that an art exhibition is to be held and that you?re collecting suggestions on its location. I?m writing this letter to share with you my opinions. In my opinion, it is more advisable to hold the art exhibition in Shanghai Museum than in community libraries. My reasons are as follows. On one hand, it is more convenient for people to get to Shanghai Museum which is located in the center of the city. And the museum is much more spacious than community libraries, which provides visitors with a more comfortable environment for appreciating art. On the other hand, as a well-known museum, Shanghai Museum is more professional and experienced in holding art exhibitions. Its professional security guards and advanced facilities can better protect those famous paintings from being damaged or stolen. Therefore, I suggest the exhibition be held in the museum.