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unit4 earthquake language points

1.升升降降 2.难闻的气味

rise and fall
a smelly gas

3.从裂缝里冒出 come out of the cracks too nervous to eat 4.紧张得吃不下 water pipes 5.水管 6.对…不以为然 think little of


as usual
crack and burst fall asleep/ be asleep


11.全国三分之一 one third of the nation 12.8公里长 13.严重受损的 14.受伤 15.数千的 16.被毁坏 eight kilometers long

in ruins
be/get injured

thousands of
be destroyed


blow away
coal mines

18.无法安全行驶be not safe for traveling



be shocked
later that afternoon

the rescue workers 23.被困在废墟下面 be trapped under the ruins 24.掘出 dig out 25.埋葬死者 bury the dead 22.救援人员 26.城市北边
to the north of the city

1. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. rise (rose, risen)升起,上升, 上涨, 站起, 起

(vi, 不带宾语,不用于被动语态)

the sun / water level / temperature /price (rise) raise (raised, raised)

vt.举起 ,使升起, 提高, 提出,饲养,养育


(raise) a question / an animal / a baby / sth. /one’s voice

Fill the blanks with “rise, raise”
rises in 1)Everyone knows the sun _______ the east. 2) The people’s living standard has raised greatly been _______.

2.Even the pigs were too nervous to eat.

too + adj. / adv.+ to do =not… enough to do =so … that not 表示否定,“太…而不能…”

too old ___ to work. He is _____ so old ____ that he _____ can’t work. He is _____ not young enough to work. He is _____ ______ ____

“too…to…”结构之前带有only,but,never,not,时, 是强调肯定的表示法,译作“非常……”“十分…” “实在……””真是太……”等
I am only too happy to teach you. 我非常高兴教你们。 He is but too glad to do so.

他非常喜欢这样做. We can never be too old to enjoy a song. 我们绝对不会老得不能获得歌曲带来的欢乐

too…to.. 结构中带有表示心情或描绘性的 adj/adv adj: ready,eager,satisfied,kind,willing,anxious
1.She is too ready to help other
他乐于助人。 2.I am too eager to have a world trip. 我很想去环球旅行

3.In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst.
Burst: vi. 爆炸,爆发;突然闯入 n. 突发,爆发
burst into +n 突然爆发
burst out doing 表突发性动作 burst into tears=burst out crying 突然哭起来 burst into laughter= burst out laughing 突然笑 起来 burst in/into… 闯进,突然破门而入……


burst (1) When he was riding, the tyre ______(burst). burst into tears (2)She _____________________. (突然大哭起 来) burst out crying burst into the house (闯进了房 (3)He ________________________ 子)without knocking.

4.In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.
中文 原形 过去 过去式 分词 现在 分词 说明 不及物 动词 不及物 动词



lied lay

lied lying lain lying

躺; lie 位于 放置;产 lay 蛋


及物动 laid laying 词

e.g. Tina ___ under the tree ___to her mother that a cock ____ eggs. ? A. lying; lied; lay B. lain; lied; laid ? C. lying; lied; laid D. lain; lied; lay

5.In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.
①damage v./n. 指部分“损坏”、“损害”或指使 用价值有所降低,可修复。 ②destroy v.指彻底破坏, 以致不可能修复, 常作“破 坏”、“毁灭”解 ③ruin则表示破坏严重, 以致不能修复, 但这种破坏 不像destroy那样毁灭某物, 而是在一定的过程中逐渐 被毁掉。 v.“使毁灭”、 “使崩溃” Compare: ruin n. (常作复数)废墟,遗址 destroy in ruins 夷为废墟,破败不堪


6.Two-thirds of the people died or were injured during the earthquake.
More than 61% of the surface of the earth is covered by water. ____ Seventy percent of the workers in this factory ____ are young. 以百分数作为主语的,谓语动词是单数还 是复数取决于百分数后面跟的名词是可数 还是不可数的。

分数表达法: 分子用基数(one, two…),分母用序数 词 ( first, second…),当分子超过1时,分 母的词尾加s.

2/3: 1/4: 1/5: 3/5: 1/2:

two thirds
one fourth (a/one quarter) one fifth three fifths a half 或 one half

请根据提示完成下列句子。 1. One-third ________ (三分之一) of the students are (be) girls. in our class ____ 2. Three-fifths __________ (五分之三) of the soil __________ was washed (wash) away by the flood last night. 3. ______ Half (一半) of the desks in this school ________ are made (make) in his company. 4. ______ Most (大部分的) of the lecture he made yesterday ______ was (be) interesting.


tens of thousands of
millions of

表笼统数目时,数字用复数形式, 后面加of 一千 one thousand


two thousand

表具体数目时,数字不用复数形式, 也不加of

Tens of thousands of cows never give milk again 数以万计的奶牛再也不产奶了 @tens of thousands of 数以万计的 hundreds and hundreds of 成百上千的 hundreds of thousands 数以十万计的 thousands of 数千计的 millions of 数百万计的 scores of 许许多多的 dozens of 许多,大量

5. Tens _________________ of thousands of (数万) people _____________ are dancing (dance) in the big square now. 6. There were ____________ ten thousand (一万) students taking part in the exam yesterday. 7. _________________ 90% / 90 percent (百分之九十) of the mountain __________ is covered (cover) by trees.

7.All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 all...not… = not all…

(not) all (not) ,(not) both (not), (not) every (not) , (not) everything (not), (not) everybody (not) 是部分否定, 如果要表示全部否定,要分别用 none ,neither, no , nothing, nobody.

All of them are not right. 并非他们所有人都是错的。

None of them are right.
他们所有人都是错的。 Not every boy likes football. 不是所有男孩子都喜欢足球。

No boys in that area like football.

8.The army organized teams to dig out those who are trapped and to bury the dead. 军队组成救援队 挖掘那些受困的人们并埋葬死者。 dig out 掘出;发现 to dig information out of books 从书本挖掘知识 to dig out truth 寻求真理

bury vt. (1) 埋葬 eg: He was buried with his wife.
(2) 掩埋 隐藏, Our dog buries its bones in the garden. 她双手掩面哭了起来. She buried her face in her hands and wept. (3)短语:bury oneself in sth 埋头于某事物, 专心致志于某事
bury oneself in= be buried in

1. The work must be done______.

A. right away

B. immediately

C. at once D. all the above 2. He _____ his voice so that everyone could hear him. A. lifted B. rose C. held D. raised 3. The death of his wife was a terrible ____ to him. A. knock B. shock C. surprising D. experience

4. They tried to prevent their cows from ____.

A.injury B. injuring C. being injured D. hurting 5. _____of people came to the meeting from
all over the country. A. Many B. A number

C. The number D. A plenty of

6.I will go shopping with her _____ my mother. A.instead of C. in fact B. instead D. instead with

7. There was a strange man at the gate ____ A. said something to the little girl. C. to say D. saying

B. says

8. _____ were sent to hospital and the ____ were buried. A. The injury, the death B. The injuring, the dying C. The injured, the dead D. The injured, the died 9. About ____ of the workers in that steel works ____ young people. A. third fifths, are B. three fifths, are C. three fifths, is D. three fifth, are


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