The analysis of images in Animal Farm Animal Farm is an allegorical novel by George Orwell. The novel was set in the Manor Farm where a revolution led by pigs broke out. They put the Old Major’s dream into reality and drove the drunken and irresponsible owner Mr Jones from the farm. They renamed the farm as “Animal Farm” and wrote the Seven Commandments of Animalism on the wall to keep order and ensure elementary Animalism within the farm. Everything seemed to be harmonious. However, two pigs struggled for leadership. The pig who won became more and more tyrannous and got more privileges at the cost of other animals’ starvation and hardworking. Finally, the pig became the same as humans who oppressed the animals and Animal Farm got damaged. In the novel, the author portrays plenty of typical images and incidents to insinuate the people and events during the Stalin era before World WarⅡ. Leon Trotsky is the head of revolutions in the Former Sovoet Union. His Socialist thoughts and Global Revolution Theory made him win the support from farmers and the proletariat. Alike Trotsky, Snowball who made a contribution to leading the animals’ rebellion, had his blueprints for the Animal Farm, that is to build a windmill to make animals live an easier life. He gained the fame by leading a very successful harvest. However, Napoleon, who implied the former Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin, was against the plan. He trained the puppies as fiercing attack dogs and chased Snowball away. After driving Snowball off, Napoleon’s autocracy began. That is exactly the same situation as in the former Soviet Union, when Stalin came into power and forced Leon Trotsky out of the political arena. Napoleon then claimed that the idea of windmill is his and even spread rumours to slander Snowball, which resembles Stalin’s mock at Trotsky’s plan about industrialization but finally adopted it actively. Squealer, another porker is Napoleon’s loyal supporter. He functions as Napoleon’s right hand and propaganda machine, who is similar to Stalin’s spokesman Molotov. He justified the pigs’ privileges and spoke highly of Napoleon’s achievement. When the animals complained of starvation, he usually used the threat of the return of Mr Jones, which is in fact the usual political means for rulers to transfer the public’s attention. Another critical implication is the process of pigs turning corrupt and greed. They found some items of Mr Jones by occation, then indulged in the vices of humans, such as drinking alcohol and sleeping in beds, and tried to justify those behaviors. Squealer played the same role as a spokesman again who altered the Seven Commandents to satisfy pigs’ lust. Gradually, the law was broken. Pigs had more privileges than the other animals. The important law “All animals are equal” was also added another premise, that is “Some animals are more equal than others”. Those reflects the Stalin government’s corruption and abuse towards power. They cheated the proletariat to work harder to expand production but stole the achievement to satisfy personal needs. There are also some details to proof this. The pigs sent illing Boxer to the butcher, forced the hens to give more eggs and milked the cows, which show the authorities’ corrupt and greed. However, people are not always so foolish to be at the mercy of the authorities all the time. Sometimes they may make some resistance or even there are someone who might have realized the corruption but are wise enough to keep away from the power center. The hens are among the first to rebel against Napoleon. They destroyed their eggs instead of handing them in. Though Napoleon frightened and starved them, their resistance also cheered the other animals up to think a lot about their beliefs. This also indicate people’s hesitation and doubt towards the authorities in reality. Stalin’s collectivization of agriculture greatly harm farmers’ benefits and he developed the
industry at the cost of the neglect towards agriculture, which led to people’s complaints. Boxer is a horse which is simple and kind. He is the strongest in the farm and firmly believe the Seven Commandments. His motto is “I will work harder” and later changed into “Napoleon is always right”. He represents the hardworking but blind proletariat. Boxer overworked and got injuried. Napoleon claimed to send him to the vet, but actually sold him to a butcher, which implies Stalin’s betrayal towards revolution. Squealer still tried to convince the other animals that Boxer was in the hands of the best medical care, which is the most obvious irony towards authorities’ hypocrisy. Benjamin is a wise donkey. He is able to “read as well as any pig”.①Actually, he realized pigs’ corruption, but he did not do anything to warn the other animals. He is a representative of intellectuals who have independent thoughts but are sceptical and prepared to wait and see aside. As for the puppies, they served as Napoleon’s security force. They were trained to rip any animal who disobeyed Napoleon’s order. The puppies imply law enforcement agency which works for rulers. The sheep implies the ignorant public in reality. They followed Napoleon blindly, and repeated the phrase “four legs good, two legs bad” again and again to resist opposing voices. George Orwell explained his creating origin after escaping the communist purges in Spain that “how easily totalitarian propaganda can control the opinion of enlightened people in democratic countries.”② This motivated Orwell to expose and strongly condemn what he saw. At the end of the novel, the pigs played cards with humans and walked upright. It is even hard to tell the difference between pigs and humans. That is another highlight to satirize the rulers’ corruption and implies the final failure of revolution. All the delicate plots can be seen as predictions of the Former Soviet Union’s breaking up.
·Dag, O. (19 December 2004). "George Orwell: The Freedom of the Press". orwell.ru. Archived from the original on 6 March 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
·Orwell, George (1979) [First published by Martin Secker & Warburg 1945; published in
Penguin Books 1951]. Animal Farm. England: Penguin Books. ISBN 0140008381.
·Taylor, David John (2003). Orwell: The Life. H. Holt. p. 197. ISBN 0-8050-7473-2. ·Bailey83221 (12 May 2006). "Animal Farm suppression". LiveJournal. ·http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_Farm#Or ·http://baike.baidu.com/view/155123.htm
Orwell, George (1946). Animal Farm. New York: The New American Library. p. 40. ISBN 141936524X. ② preface of Animal Farm (1947 Ukrainian edition)