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专题04 阅读理解Ⅱ:细节理解题(测)-2018年高考英语二轮复习讲练测(解析版)

2018 届高三二轮复习英语精品资料【测案】 专题 4 班级 阅读理解Ⅱ:细节理解题 姓名 学号 分数 (测试时间:45 分钟) 1. 【湖北八校 2018 届高三上学期第一次联考】C Cities are likely to be affected by overheating, thanks to something called the urban heat island effect. Cities tend to be short of trees, which provide shade, and they are covered with black pavement, which absorbs heat from the sun. Think of how it feels to wear a dark shirt versus a white shirt on a sunny day. A black shirt absorbs light, heating you up. But a white shirt reflects light, keeping you cool. The average temperature in a city of a million or more people can be more than 5 degrees F hotter than surrounding areas. That extra 5 degrees can turn a hot day from uncomfortable to deadly. As temperatures rise, cities will be an especially dangerous place to be during a heat wave. To protect public health, city officials are going to make the city cooler. As part of that effort, Los Angeles is coating its roads in CoolSeal, a gray paint that keeps streets and parking lots 10 degrees cooler than black asphalt(沥青). It will help Angelinos save money during the summer, when air conditioning sends power bills soaring. And it will save lives by lowering temperatures and improving air quality. Hot weather worsens air pollution by turning car exhaust into smog, which can make life miserable for people with asthma(哮喘)and other breathing problems. Of course, LA will have to do more than paint over a few streets to cool off the city. Angelinos will also need to plant more trees and apply white paint to rooftops?—?at least those not already covered in solar panels. While LA is a pioneer of reflective streets, other cities, like New York, are already experimenting with reflective roofs or, like Melbourne, lowering the temperature by planting trees. LA is hardly alone in its effort to stay cool. “This is an urgent challenge, and it?s much bigger than one person,” said Mayor Garcetti in a recent statement. “Climate change is a fact of life that people in Los Angeles and cities around the world live with every day.” 8. Which of the following contributes to the urban heat island effect? A. Planting more trees in the streets. B. Covering the streets with white paint. C. Applying reflective paint to rooftops. D. Furnishing every house with air conditioners. 9. What should the city officials emphasize during hot summer? A. How to make the city cooler. B. Where to wear a white shirt. C. Why to coat the roads with black paint. D. When to cut off the electricity supply. 10. W

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