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八年级英语知识点

Unit1 Topics:holidays/vacations

Functions: talk about past events

Structure:simple past tense of regular and irregular verbs

词转

Wonder n.奇迹,奇观-wonderful adj.精彩的

Shop v. 购物-shopping n.购物

Interest n.兴趣-interesting adj.令人感兴趣的

feed v.喂养-fed 过去式

I 我-myself 我自己,

you 你-yourself 你自己-yourselves 你们自己,

Bore v.令人无聊-bored adj.感到无聊的(形容人)-boring adj.令人无聊的( 形容物);

Diary n.日记-diaries 复数,

Enjoy v.享受-enjoyable adj.令人愉快的,

Build-building 建筑物-buildings 复数

Trade 商业-trader 商人

different 不同的-difference 不同点-differences 复数;

Activity n.活动-activities n.活动复数

语法

课本 P112 P142

quite a few+可数名词复数

These;those;some;many ;a lot of/lots of 后面用可数名词复数

Something 在否定句中用 anything

activity-activities;

hungry-hungrily; 不定代词放在形容词前 anything special 一些特殊的东西 no one, anything,something, someone 等不定代词当主语动词用三单 介词,about,in, on 等后面的动词用 doing 形式 短语

Hardly ever 几乎不 Hardly 几乎不 shopping center 购物中心 Go/be on vacation 去度假 seem to do 似乎要去做某事 enjoy doing 享受做某事 decide to do 决定做某事; try to do 努力做某事; try doing 尝试做某事; dislike doing 不喜欢做某事; Nothing ....but 除了。。。其他什么也没有 Not ...at all 一点也不

I do not like this food at all. 我一点也不喜欢这个食物。

There was nothing to do but read books. 语法

课本 P113 I feel like I was a bird. 我感觉起来像一只鸟一样。 because 加句子;because of 加名词短语;

He didn’t come because of the bad weather.

他没有来因为糟糕的天气。 形容词+enough+名词 足够的时间 enough time; 足够的金钱 enough money; 足够聪明 clever enough; 足够漂亮 beautiful enough;
It is +adj. For sb to do. The best way to do.做某事的最好方式

Too ...to 太..而不能, She is too young to go to school. so... That...如此...以至于... She is so young that she can not go to school. 注意一般过去时的时态, 标志是一般过去时的时间比如 last week,last year,last month 等 Last week, we did(do) a survey. 句子中如果有一便过去式的动词,为了保持时态一致,也用一般过去时
We found he was(be) a good student. 和一般过去时的短语。 表达百分数的词例如 eight-five percent 如果指的是可数名词复数用动词原形 如果指的是不可数名词,用第三人称单数形式 表达方式 你去哪里度假了? Where did you go on vacation? 你和谁一起去的吗?Did you go with anyone? 你买什么特殊的东西了吗?Did you buy anything special? 食物怎么样? How was the food? 大家过得很开心吗?Did everyone have a good time?

Unit2

Topics:free time activities

Functions: talk about how often yo do things

Structure: How often 频度副词 词转

One 一-once 一次-first 第一, swing 摇动,摆动-swung 过去式; tooth 牙齿-teeth 复数;

two 两-twice 两次, little 少-less 更少-least 最少 health 名词,健康——healthy 形容词健康的;

Die v.死亡-dead adj.死的;death n.名词死亡;dying adj.奄奄一息; Write v.写-writer 作者;

短语

Hard 困难的,坚硬的

Hardly/hardly ever 几乎不 Stay up late 熬夜 be full of 充满, At least 至少;

For example 与 such as 的区别,都是举例子 For example 后面有逗号隔开,跟一句话,such as 和 like 后面跟短语或 doing 语法 Terrible 糟糕的 The answer to the question 问题的答案 The way to do sth 做某事的方式 Twice a month 一周两次 Three times a month 一周三次 Help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 through 穿过,通过,介词后面用 doing; through 表示穿过人群或森林, through 也可以表示通过某种方式 such as +doing;比如... spend time doing 花费时间做某事; 喜欢做某事 like doing; the best way to do sth 做某事的最好方式 would like to do 想要做某事 Although 即使,不能和 but 连用 How often 问频率, 句子中有 usually,often, sometimes,hardly ever,never three times 等表示频率的词用一般现在时
He is an 8-year-old boy. 在句子中,作定语修饰名词,要有连字符,名词不变复数。 放在 be 动词后做表语,没有连字符,名词变复数。 表达方式 What do you usually do on weekends?你周末经常做什么? I always exercise.我经常锻炼。 What do they do on weekends?他们周末经常做什么? They often help with housework. 他们经常帮忙做家务。 How often do you go to the movies? 你多久去看一次电影? I go to the movies maybe once a month.我一个月看一次电影。 How often does she watch TV?他多久看一次电视? He hardly ever watches TV?他几乎不看电视。

Unit 3

Topics:personal traits

Functions:talk about personal traits compare people

Structure: Comparatives with-(i)er and more

Both and as..as

词转

Little 少-less 更少-least 最少

bad 糟糕的-worse 更糟的-worst 最糟的

Thin adj.瘦-thinner 更瘦-thinnest 最瘦 Few 少-fewer 更少-fewest 最少 形容词变副词

fat 胖-fatter 更胖-fattest 最胖 say v.说--saying n.谚语

Clear 清晰的-clearly 清晰地

Loud 大声的-loudly 大声地 Quiet 安静的-quietly 安静地 True 真正的-truly 真正地 Win 赢-winner 获胜者 Good 好-better 更好-best 最好 Many/much 多-more 更多-most 最多 Smart 聪明-smarter 更聪明的 Talent 才华-talented 有才华的 短语 Be talented in doing 在某方面有才华 Be different from 与...不同 The same as 和...一样 Be similar to 和...类似 Be good at doing 擅长做某事 As long as 只要 Bring out 使显现,使呈现 In fact 事实上 Try to do 努力做某事 语法 课本 P114 P144 两者比较用比较级,三者三者以上用最高级 有 than 的句子用比较级 有表示范围的词,in/of 等用最高级 Much,a lot/a little/s bit,even,far, still 修饰比较级 As/so..as 中间用原级 Be+both+实义动词。 It is +形容词 for sb to do 动词应用 Make sb do 让某人做某事 副词修饰动词或形容词,形容词修饰名词 Information 不可数 表达方式 He is always there to listen.他一直在倾听。 Is Tom smarter than Sam? 汤姆比萨姆聪明吗? No,he Isn’t.Sam is smarter than Tom? Are you as friendly as your sister?你和你的妹妹一样聪明吗? No,I’m not.I’m friendlier. Does Tara work as hard as Tina? 塔拉和缇娜工作一样努力吗?Yes, she does. Who’s more hard-working at school? 谁在学校学习更努力? Tina thinks she works harder than me.缇娜认为她比我工作更努力。
Unit4 词转: Comfortable-more comfortable-the most comfortable 舒服的; funny-funnier-funniest 有趣的;serious-seriously 严肃的;

comfortable adj 舒服的-comfortably;adv 舒服地
close-closer-the closest; bad adj 糟糕的——badly adv.糟糕地副词;
bad 糟糕的-worse 更早的-worst 最早的; cheap-cheaply 便宜地; Choose v.选择-chose(过去式)choice 选择,名词; careful 细心的 carefully 细心地 careless 粗心的; report 报道-reporter 记者; fresh-fresher-freshest 新鲜的; Serve v.服务-service 服务--servant n.仆人; pretty-prettier-prettiest 漂亮的; act-actor 演员-actress 女演员; create-creative 有创造性的; win-winner 获胜者; magic-magician 魔法师; 短语: be close to 离...近; so far 到目前为止; have...in common 在...有共同点; all kinds of 各种各样的; be up to sb 由...决定; play a role in doing 在...发挥作用,扮演角色; make up a story 编造故事; for example 例如; take...seriously 认真对待... be crowded with 充满...;挤满.. 动词用法: try to do 努力做某事; finish doing 完成某事; want to do 想要做某事; spend time doing 花费时间做; can/should/might +do 情态动词+动词原形 语法: 1.as...as 中间用原级; 2.A is not as/so...as B A 不如 B; -- David is not as tall as Tom 大卫不如汤姆高=David is less taller than Tom. 3.everyone 后面用三单; 4.One of +the+最高级+名词复数 最...之一
He is one of the most careful students in my class. 他是我们班最认真的学生之一。 5.句子后面有 of 或者 in 表示范围的用最高级;前面有 the 用最高级;
She is the tallest in her class. Mr. Black is the funniest person I know. I know 是隐藏的范围

6.有 than 用比较级; 7.比较级表示最高级 句子:John is funnier than any other boy in his class. 约翰比班上任何其他人都要幽默。 8.The movie is so fun to watch.这个电影看起来很有趣;to do 不定式做后置定语。 最好的电影院是哪个? 9.The movie is so fun to watch. To do 不定式作后置定语 The best way to visit on weekends. 名词被最高级修饰,要用 to do 不定式做后置定语 10.can 等情态动词后用动词原形 Unit 5 词转 Education n.教育-educational adj.有教育意义的 discuss v.讨论-discussion n.讨论 Mean 意味着-meaning 意义-meaningless 无意义的 Appear v.出现-disappear v.消失 success n.成功-successful adj.成功的 Luck n.运气-lucky adj.幸运的-unlucky 不幸的 Lose-lost 过去式 Enjoy-enjoyable 令人愉悦的 Comedy -comedies 喜剧
短语 Action movie 动作电影 Be ready to do 准备好做某事;乐意做某事 Dress up like sb 打扮的像某人 Take sb’s place 取代某人的位置 Do a good job 做的好 Try one’s best to do 尽某人最大能力做某事 A pair of 一双 With sound and music 带有声音和音乐 Come out 电影,书籍出版,发行 As ...as 和..一样 Come out 出版,发行,电影上映 With sound and music 带有声音和音乐,with 表示带有 语法 News 新闻不可数 一条新闻 a piece of news 动词用法 Mind doing 介意做某事 Stand doing 忍受做某事 Plan to do 计划做某事 Hope to do 希望做某事 hope sb to do 没有这种用法 Expect to do 期望做某事 expect sb to do 期望某人做某事 Might 或许,情态动词 might do 后面用动词原形
句子

What do you think of ...?你认为...怎么样 I don’t mind them.我不介意他们 I can’t stand them. 我忍受不了他们 I like them. 我喜欢他们。
I love watching them.我喜欢看他们。 I hope to find out what’s going on around the world. 我希望查找世界上发生了什么。

Unit 6

词转 Drive-driver 司机;

violin-violinist 小提琴家;

piano-pianist 钢琴家;

science-scientist 科学家;

educate-education-educational 有教育意义的;

send-sent 发送;

discuss-discussion 讨论;

paint-painter 画家-painting 画;

mean-meaning 意义;

week-weekly 每周的;

they-them-themselves 他们自己;

person-personal 私人的;个人的;

短语

Write them down 写下他们,代词放在中间

Promise oneself 向自己保证

Be going to do 将要做某;

about/in +doing 介词+动词 ing 形式;

might/should+do 情态动词+动词原形;

such as=like +doing 举例子+动词原形;for example 后面有逗号,跟一句话,such as 和 like

后面没有逗号,后面跟名词短语

Take acting lessons 上表演课;

practice doing 练习做某事;

keep doing 继续做某事(有无间隔); keep on doing 继续做某事(无间隔);

race car driver 赛车手;

send them to magazines and newspapers 把他们寄去杂志社和报社;

Grow up 成长;

make sure 确保;

be able to do 有能力做某事;

be sure about 对...确定;

make a resolution 做决定;

promise oneself 向自己保证;

at the beginning of; at the beginning of the year 在一年的开始;improve oneself 提升自我;

self-improvement 自我提升;

write it/ them down 写下它/他们;

physical health 身体健康;

have to do with 和..有关;

take up a hobby 开始一个兴趣爱好;

a weekly plan 一个周的计划;

have a discussion 讨论;

my own book 我自己的书;by my own=by myself 我自己;

personal relationship 个人关系;

语法 Doing 和 to do 都可以作主语,谓语用三单 To do 不定式可以表示目的 百分数和 some 要判断修饰什么词,修饰不可数用单数,可数名词复数用原形 句子:你长大了想要成为什么? What do you want to be when you grow up? 我想要成为一名工程师。
I want to be an engineer. 你将如何做呢?
How are you going to do that? 我将要努力学习数学。
I’m going to study math really hard. 你要去哪里工作?
Where are you going to work? 你什么时候开始?
When are you going to start? 我会在我完成高中和大学的学业的以后开始?
I’m going to start when I finish high school and college.

Unit7

词转

Pollute v.污染-pollution n.污染物-polluted adj.被污染的 predict v.预测-prediction n.预测

Build v.建筑-building n.建筑

serve v.服务-servant n.仆人

Danger n.危险-dangerous adj.危险的

Japan n.日本-Japanese n.日本人

Agree v.同意-disagree v.不同意

possible adj.可能的-impossible adj.不可能的

短语 Over and over again 反复 help with housework 帮助做家务 get bored 变得厌烦 语法 1.Play a part in doing 在...中扮演重要角色 2.Hundred 百, 前面有数字,不加 S,不加 of ;前面没有数字,加 s 加 of 二百个苹果 two hundred apples 上百的苹果 hundreds of apples 3. There will be +名词 There will have 4. There will be more(更多的/可数不可数都可以)/less(更少,不可数名词)/fewer(更少/可数) 5.will do will 后面用动词原形 6. Like 表示像的时候前面要有 be 动词或 look 7.in +一段时间,用将来时 8.may do 是情态动词,后面用动词原形 9. as 有作为的意思, as a human 作为一个人类 10.human 的复数是 humans 11.makes sb do 让某人做某事 12.there is +主语+doing 有人正在做某事 13. They are fun to watch. To do 不定式做后置定语 14.help do sth 帮助做某事

表达方式 你对未来的预测是什么。 What’s your prediction about the future? 未来将会是什么样子 What will the future be like? 城市将会被污染的更严重。 Cities will be more polluted. 将会有更所污染 There will be more pollution. 将会有更多的人。 There will be more people. 将会有更少的树 There will be fewer trees.

Unit 8 词转
Shake-shook,
dig-dug Final-finally 最终,最后 sandwich-sandwiches tradition-traditional 传统的; celebrate-celebration 庆祝; mix-mixes, serve-service 服务 短语 Turn on 打开, turn off 关闭, turn up 音量调大, turn down 音量调小, pour ...into 把..倒入.. Add..to...把...加到... Cover...with 用...覆盖... Fill..with.. 用...填满.. 代词放在这些词的中间 How much 加不可数名词 how many 加可数名词复数 How do you make a banana milk shake? How many bananas do we need?
How much milk do we need?
Do you know how to plant a tree?

Unit 9 Can you come to my party 词转 Prepare v.准备--preparation n.准备

invite v.邀请--invitation n.邀请

Surprise n.惊讶--surprising adj.令人惊讶的--surprised adj.感到惊讶的 Open v.打开--opening n.开幕式 Catch-caught 过去式 Hang-hung 过去式
短语 Hang out 闲逛 Go to the doctor 去看医生 Have the flu 得了流感 on Saturday afternoon 在周六下午 go bike riding 去骑行 a housewarming party 一个乔迁聚会 help sb (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 be sad to do 做某事很伤心 be glad to do 做某事很高兴 see sb do 看见某人做某事(强调看见全过程) let sb do 让某人做某事 without doing 没有做某事 look forward to doing 期待着做某事 help out sb 帮助某人 收到某人的来信 hear from sb must/can/have(has) to do/might do too much homework 太多的作业 invite sb to do/sw 邀请某人去做某事/去某个地方 be busy doing 忙着做某事 prepare for sth 为...做准备
表达方式 邀请某人 Can you ...? 接受 Sure, I’d love to. 拒绝 Sorry, I can’t. I’m afraid not. I’m afraid I can’t. 理由 I have to/must/might. 我没空 I’m not available. I’m not free. 或许下次吧 Maybe another time. 太糟糕了 That's too bad. 周一见 Catch you on Monday.
Unit 10 词转 Meet-meeting 会议 Travel v.旅行-traveler 旅行者 Understand v.理解-understanding adj.善解人意的

Care v.关心-careful adj.细心的-careless adj.粗心的 短语 Have a meeting 开会 Organize v.组织-organization n.组织 A piece of advice 一条建议 Keep...to oneself 保守秘密 Be angry with sb 生某人的气 Make a mistake 犯错误 By mistake 错误地 Solve problem 解决问题 Be worried about 对...感到担忧 Keep doing 一直做某事 语法 If...., 主语+can/will/might 如果...你就会... If you go to the party, you will have a great time.主将从先
There is going to be/there will be There is going to have/there will have there be 句型中不能出现 have The +比较级,the+比较急 越...越....
The less you eat,the thinner you wil be.
It is +adj+for sb to do The +形容词最高级+to do The worst thing is to do nothing.最糟糕的事情是是什么都不做。 so...that...如此以至于 Too...to do 太...而不能 表达 我认为我会乘公交车去聚会。I think I will take the bus to the party. 如果你这样做,你会迟到的。If you do,you will be late. 如果他们今天聚会,会发生什么?What will happen if they have the part today. 如果他们今天聚会,一般的同学不会来。 If they have it today,half the class won’t come.


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