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高考英语一轮复习 阅读理解提升题11


湖北黄梅县 2017 高考英语阅读理解一轮提升题
阅读理解。阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项。 ( 原 创 )People in Hong Kong speak a rich mixture of languages. Hong Kong was a British colony for more than 156 years before it was returned to Chinese control in 1997. English was the only official language until 1994. Most people in Hong Kong today speak Cantonese, but Mandarin and other dialects also are heard, and English as the British used is still widely spoken and taught here. Now however, many people are choosing to learn English as it is spoken in the United States. Victor Chan, for example, has children who attend school called Nature EQ on Saturday and Sunday, and they are learning to say words the American way. Mr Chan says he wants his sons to learn American English, because he plans to send them to the United States for further study. Nature EQ is one of a growing number of schools in Hong Kong that offer American English classes. Frankie Ng opened the school 17 years ago, at that time, he had only 40 students. Today, the school has 350 students, and it does not have space for any more. Mr Ng says American English is clear and defined. He says it is easy to teach and easily understood. That, however, is not the main concern of the children. Public schools in the former British colony still teach mostly British English. But the number of private language schools teaching American English is growing. In Hong Kong’s Tseung Kwan O district, for example, the American English Workshop school had 20 students a week when it opened one year ago. Today, ithas more than 180 each week. Some observers say American English is becoming the language of international business. Increased contact with American culture, like movies, television programs, computer games and the Internet is spreading American expressions and accents in areas other than business. But for now, people hearing English in the streets of Hong Kong are mainly hearing traditional British English. “We can understand both, but for what we speak, we speak with the British accent, ”said one local woman. “The British is better I think, ”commented a local man.

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【文章大意】多元化的大都市香港现在正兴起一股学习美式英语的热潮。 1. Which of the following is TRUE about the language spoken in Hong Kong? A. English is still the only official language now. B. British English is still widely spoken and taught at present. C. Most people are learning American English now. D. All people in Hong Kong can speak Cantonese. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据第二段 English as the British used is still widely spoken and taught here 一句可知英式英语在香港广泛使用和用于教学之中。 2. What can we learn from the examples shown in this passage? A. Views are different on American English. B. Not all people like American English. C. American English is becoming more popular. D. American English is better than British English. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据文章提供的例子可知人们越来越喜欢学习美式英语。 3. What does the underlined word“it”refer to? A. British English B. American English C. American English Workshop school D. Hong Kong 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。it 代指上句中的 American English Workshop school“美式英语培训学校”。 4. What can we infer from the passage? A. American English and British English will go hand in hand in the future. B. American English will be more popular than British English. C. British accent is clear and easy to study. D. Local people can’t understand both of the two kinds of English. 【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据文章可知尽管美式英语的学习不断升温, 英式英语仍在广泛使用和在教学 中应用, 故推断美式英语和英式英语将会在香港并存下去。

【2014 高考英语河南省开封市一模】C
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 On a clear night, the sky is a wonderful thing. Is there life out there somewhere? Is there another place like Earth where life might exist? If so, where is it? And how far away is it? Recently, the American Kepler spacecraft found "22b" , a planet about six hundred light years away. It is the first planet in a " habitable zone" outside the solar system. That means the planet orbits a star like our Sun, but it is not too close to it, nor too far away. Because of this position, scientists say Kepler22b might have water, one of the main things needed for life. The newly-discovered planet is about two and a half times larger than the Earth. It is closer to its star than we are to the Sun, but 22b's sun is smaller than ours, and doesn’t produce as much heat. Scientific instruments show the new planet could be made of gases, rocks or some kinds of liquids. The Kepler spacecraft was named in honor of Johannes Kepler, the seventeenth century German astronomer. It was designed to examine a small part of the Milky Way galaxy and search for places like the Earth. It was made to inspect over 150,000 stars and measure how bright they are. It looks to see if a star's brightness gets less over a short time. If a planet passes between Kepler and the star, it blocks out part of the light. That is what suggested to scientists that there is at least one planet orbiting the star. The instruments on Kepler show the new planet as a small, black dot moving across its sun. An important part of the Kepler experiment is on the Earth. After the spacecraft gathers information, scientists use the space telescopes on the ground. Scientists have found over 2,300 new planets since Kepler was launched. About 200 of these are about the size of the Earth. Most are much larger, but it is the new planet's distance from its star that is important. For life to possibly exist there, the planet's temperature must not be too hot or too cold. 63. What can we learn about Kepler-22b? A. Water must have been existed on it. B. It takes humans about 600 years to get there. C. It is made of gases, rocks and many kinds of liquids. D. It is the first planet in outer space where life may survive. 64. The Kepler spacecraft was sent into space to ______. A. show honor to Johannes Kepler
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B. look for Earth-like planets in the sky C. observe the changes of a star's brightness D. measure the brightest star among 150,000 stars 65. In Paragraph 5 the author mainly tells us______. A. how the Kepler system works B. if the Kepler system sees a new planet C. how the Kepler system uses the space telescopes D. why an important part of the Kepler system remains on the Earth 66. What can we infer from the passage? A. Life may exist on the new planet in another form. B. It is colder on the new planet because its sun is smaller. C. Life can't exist on planets which are much larger than the Earth. D. The new planet's distance from its star decides on the possibilitv of life existence. 【参考答案】63—66\DBAD

【2012 江西省九江市】C TODAY, Friday, November 12 JAZZ with the Mike Thomas Jazz Band at The Derby Arms.Upper Richmond Road West, Sheen. DISCO Satin Sounds Disco. Free at The Lord Napier, Mort lake High St. , from 8a. m. to 8p. m. Tel: 682—158. SATURDAY, November 13 JAZZ Lysis at The Bull' s Head, Bames.Admission 60p. MUSICAL HALL at The Star and Garter, Lower Richmond Road, Putney, provided by the Aba Daba Music Hall company.Good food and entertainment fair price.Tel: 789—749. FAMILY night out? Join the sing-along at The Black Horse.Sheen Road, Richmond. JAZZ The John Bennett Big Band at The Bull' s Head, Barnes.Admission 80p. THE DERBY ARMS, Upper Richmond Road West, give you Joe on the electric accordion (手风琴) . Tel: 789—4536 SUNDAY, November 14 DISCO Satin Sounds Disco, free at The Lord Napier, Mort Lake High Street, from 8 a.m.to
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8 p.m. FOLK MUSIC at The Derby Arms.The Short Stuff and residents the Norman Chop Trio.Non -remembers 70p.Tel: 688—626. HEAVY MUSIC with Tony Simon at The Bull, Upper Richmond Road West, East Sheen. THE DERBY ARMS, Upper Richmond Road West, give you Joe on the electric accordion. 66.Where and when can you hear the Norman Chop Trio? A.At the Bull' s Head on Sunday. C.At the Bull on Saturday. B.At the Derby Arms on Sunday. D.At the Black Horse on Saturday.

67.Where and when can you hear the Mike Thomas Jazz Band? A.At the Derby Arms on Friday. C.At the Star and Garter on Saturday. B. At the Black Horse on Friday. D.At the Derby Arms on Sunday.

68.Which telephone number do you have to dial if you want to enjoy the electric accordion on Saturday? A.789—749. C.682—158. B.688—626. D.789—4536.

69.Where should you go if you want to spend the Saturday by joining the entertainment with your family? A.Disco at The Lord Napier. B.The sing - along at The Black Horse. C.The electric accordion at The Derby Arms. D.Jazz at The Bull's Head., 70.Which of the following is your best choice if you want to spend the same day at two different places and don't want to cross any street? A.The sing-along at the Black Horse and Jazz at The Bull' s Head. B.The sing - along at The Black Horse and Folk Music at The Derby Arms. C.Folk Music at The Derby Arms and Heavy Music with Tony Simon at The Bull. D.Musical Hal lat The Star &Garter and Disco at The Lord Napier. 【参考答案】BADBC

【2012 江西省九江市】D
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How often do you sit still and do absolutely nothing The usual answer these days is " never", or "hardly ever".As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation.Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down.But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. Stress is a natural part of everyday life.There is no way to avoid it, since it takes many and varied forms——driving in traffic, problems with personal relationships are all different forms of stress. Stress, in fact, is not the "baddy" it is often reputed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life.It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health. The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual.Some people are not afraid of stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities.Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties.When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically.In fact we make a choice between "fight" or "fright" and in more primitive days the choice made the difference between life and death.The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response.All the energy is diverted to cope with the stress.It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered.Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart disease have established links with stress. Stress in some people produces stomach disorders, while others succumb to tension headaches.Since we cannot remove stress from our Jives, We need to find ways to cope with it. 71.People are finding less and less time for relaxing themselves because _______. A.they are working harder than they used to be B.they are often too busy to find the time C.they are not clear of how to relax by themselves D.they are suffering from the effects of stress 72.What is implied but not stated in the passage ? A.How much stress one can bear depends greatly on whether he knows the art of relaxation. B.People in primitive days survived from stress because they found certain ways to deal with it. C.If one gets into the habit of relaxing every day he can overcome stress easily.
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D.Stress can lead to serious health problem if one is exposed to it for.too long. 73.The underlined sentence in paragraph 2 suggests that_______. A.Stress is not always a bad thing for people B.Stress has a bad reputation of causing ill health C.Stress is not so terrible as people often believe it to be D.Stress is always harmful to people all the time 74.According to this passage, which is TRUE? A.Relaxation in life only benefits us mentally. B.Different people can stand different amounts of stress. C.All the stress can lead to poor performance. D.Large amounts of stress is important to people's life. 75.What is the writer' s attitude to stress according to the passage? A.Stress as well as relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. B.Stress should not be eliminated completely from the life. C.Stress produces both positive and negative effects on people. D.People usually work better under stress if they are healthy. 【参考答案】DCABC

【2014 高考英语河南省开封市一模】D 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 Personal Background Steve Jobs Apple Computer 3-year return: 26% Age: 42 CEO since: 1997 Here's a guy with enough knowledge, ability and brainpower to effectively hold down two CEO jobs at once-and do a pretty amazing job at both. We've listed him for his post at Apple, but of course Steve Jobs also runs Pixar, the animation company. Coming in after a $ I billion
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loss in fiscal 1997 ,Jobs turned a $ 106 million profit-38 percent above Wall Street's consensus target. A lot of credit goes to a very simple idea: Make computers in different colors. Jobs was the only one who thought to make it hap pen. The colorful mid-priced iMac has also succeeded by playing down the compatibility ( 蒹容性 ) problem. Apple positioned it as the machine for the Internet, where compatibility questions are no big deal. Behind the scenes, Jobs streamlined the product line ,and also did a whole series of work for improving and selling the production. Mean-while, over at Pixar, A Bug's Life nabbed a total $ 159 million in domestic box office ,the highest domestic animated take since Toy Story and third highest ever. after Toy Story and the leader, The Lion King. Business philosophy: "The technology isn't the hard part. The hard part is: who's going to buy it. How are they going to buy it? How do you tell them about it?" How he got the job: The Apple board begged him to return. Management Style: At Apple, Jobs is a micromanager-some say nanomanager who changes mood suddenly and unexpectedly. Virtually every decision goes by him. At any time, 10,000 employees are wondering. " What would Steve say?" not " What is the right thing to do?" said a former Apple

executive. At Pixar, realizing that he isn't a film visionary, he leaves the experts to their knitting. Financial reward: His Apple rewards are minimal--a salary of one dollar a year so that his family is eligible for the health plan. But his 69 percent share of Pixar is worth about $ 1. 3 billion. — selected from a newspaper 67. According to the passage, the following adjectives can be used to describe Jobs EXCEPT______. A. creative B. easygoing C. demanding D. distinguished

68. We can learn from the passage that______. A. Jobs can work well in every field B. the colorful iMac is accepted for its low price C. Jobs makes a big difference at Apple as a designer D. the technology is more important than business idea 69. The underlined word "nabbed" in Paragraph 2 probably means " ______". A. pulled up B. brought in C. went through D. handed over
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70. What does the author mainly want to tell us? A. Jobs is the richest man in the world. B. Jobs is a giant of electronic products. C. Jobs spends most of his time at Pixar. D. Jobs can get much money a year as his salary. 【参考答案】67—70\BCBB

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