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[中学教育]江苏专用2018版高考英语大一轮复习第二部分基础语法第十课时情态动词和虚拟语气讲义牛津译林版


第十课时 情态动词和虚拟语气 [针 对 训 练] Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—What’s your feeling now? —I am terribly sorry.If only I ________ here yesterday! A.came C.have come 答案 D B.would have come D.had come [if only “要是……就好了”,从时间状语 yesterday 来看,这是对过去所发生 事情的虚拟,所以用过去完成时。] 2.—Johnson,come and look at the sea!It is beautiful,isn’t it? —Absolutely!If only I ________ here by the sea. A.lived 答案 A B.live C.had lived D.will live [由语境可知, if only 后的情形是与现在的事实相反, 此时的谓语动词用过去时。 ] 3 . If passers-by ________ a blind eye to the injured little Yueyue in Foshan , Guangdong,she ________ alive now. A.didn’t turn;would be B.hadn’t turned;would be C.didn’t turn;would have been D.hadn’t turned;would have been 答案 D [由常识可知,小悦悦事件已是过去的事情,所以这是对过去发生的事情的虚拟, 所以从句用过去完成时,即 had done,主句用 would have done。] 4.It’s everybody’s desire that every effort ________to reduce the pollution in our hometown. A.was made C.will be made B.be made D.would be made 答案 B [desire 后的宾语从句及所在句子中的名词性从句,均应使用虚拟语气,虚拟形 式为“should+动词原形”,其中 should 可省略,故选 B 项。] 5.They must have enjoyed themselves there,otherwise they ________ so long. A.can’t have stayed B.wouldn’t have stayed C.can’t stay 答案 B D.wouldn’t stay [由 must have enjoyed 可知,otherwise 后的情况是与过去的事实相反的,故谓 语动词应用 would have done。] 6.________ more energy to my study instead of being crazy about Internet games, I would be sitting in a comfortable office now. A.If I devoted C.Would I be devoted 答案 B B.Had I devoted D.Should I be devoted [此处从句用过去完成时,表示与过去的事实相反,如果省略 if 要用倒装句;主 句用“would+动词原形”的形式,表示与现在的事实相反。] 7.Grace

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