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苏教译林小学英语不规则动词过去式巧记总汇

不规则动词过去式巧记表

AAA 型
原形 cut shut put let set hit hurt cost read [ri?d]

过去式、过去分词与原形一致

过去式

过去分词

cut

cut

shut

shut

put

put

let

let

set

set

hit

hit

hurt

hurt

cost

cost

read [red]

read [red]

词义 切、割 关、闭(门窗) 放置 让 设置 撞击 受伤;疼痛
值……钱;花费 朗读;阅读

AAB 型
原形 beat

过去式与原形一致

过去式

过去分词

beat

beaten

词义 击败

ABA 型
原形 run come become

过去分词与原形一致

过去式

过去分词

ran

run

came

come

became

become

ABB 型
原形 buy fight think seek bring catch teach lend send spend build

过去式与过去分词一致

过去式

过去分词

bought

bought

fought

fought

thought

thought

sought

sought

brought

brought

caught

caught

taught

taught

lent

lent

sent

sent

spent

spent

built

built

词义 跑步;逃跑 来 变得;成为
词义 买 打架;打仗 想;认为 寻找;探究 带来 抓住;接住 教;教书 借出 送;派遣 花费(时间、金钱) 建设;建立

原形 feel leave keep sleep oversleep sweep mean [mi?n] learn burn hear [h??] lead mislead feed flee meet shoot light get win sit

过去式

过去分词

felt

felt

left

left

kept

kept

slept

slept

overslept

overslept

swept

swept

meant [ment] meant [ment]

learnt/learned learnt/learned

burnt/burned burnt/burned

heard[h??d]

heard[h??d]

led

led

misled

misled

fed

fed

fled

fled

met

met

shot

shot

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

got

got

won

won

sat

sat

词义 感觉;摸起来 离开 保持;保留 睡觉 睡过头 打扫 意思
学;学会 燃烧;烧伤 听见 领导;致使 把……引错方向 喂养;喂食
逃跑 遇见;碰到 射击 点燃 获得;得到 获胜;赢得 坐下

原形

过去式

过去分词

词义

dig

dug

dug

挖掘

stick

stuck

stuck

刺;戳

hang

hanged

hanged

悬挂

hang

hanged

hanged

绞死

sell

sold

sold

出售

tell

told

told

告诉

smell

smelt

smelt

闻;嗅

spell

spelt

spelt

拼写

hold

held

held

拿着;握住

find

found

found

找到;发现

stand

stood

stood

站立

understand understood understood

理解

lay

laid

laid

下蛋

pay

paid

paid

付款

say[se?]

said [sed]

said [sed]



have/has

had

had



make

made

made

制作

shine

shone/shined shone/shined

照耀

lose [lu?z]

lost [l?st]

lost [l?st]

丢失

ABC 型
原形 begin drink ring sing sink swin blow fly know grow throw draw show break speak steal choose freeze wake forget

原形、过去式、过去分词不一致

过去式

过去分词

词义

began

begun

开始

drank

drunk

喝;饮

rang

rung

铃(响);打电话

sang

sung

唱歌

sank

sunk

下沉

swam

swum

游泳

blew

blown

吹;刮风

flew

flown

飞;放(风筝)

knew [nju?]

known

知道;懂得

grew

grown

种植;生长

threw

thrown

扔;投

drew

drawn

绘画

showed

shown

出示;给……看

broke

broken

打破;不服从

spoke

spoken

说话

stole

stolen



chose

chosen

选择

froze

frozen

冻结

woke

woke/woken

醒来;唤醒

forgot

forgotten

忘记

原形 take mistake shake eat fall rise drive give forgive see[si?] ride hide bite forbid write bear tear wear

过去式

过去分词

took

taken

mistook

mistaken

shook

shaken

ate

eaten

fell

fallen

rose

risen [?r?zn]

drove

driven[?dr?vn]

gave

given

forgave

forgiven

saw [s??]

seen[si?n]

rode

ridden

hid

hidden

bit

bitten

forbade/forbad forbidden

wrote

written

bore

born

tore

torn

wore

worn

词义 拿走 错拿 摇动;握(手) 吃 落下;摔倒 上升;上涨 驾驶 给 原谅 看见 骑(车、马) 躲藏 咬 禁止;不许 书写 忍受 撕破 穿、戴(衣帽等)

原形 am/is are do/does go lie

过去式 was were did went lay

过去分词 been been done gone lain

词义 是 是 做 去 躺;卧

情态动词的过去式

原形

过去式

must

must

can

could

shall

should

will

would

词义 必须 能够;会 应当 将;会


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