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高中英语时态语态讲义+练习


教师:Kara

知识体系
现在时 一般 进行 完成 完成进行 过去时 将来时 过去将来时

do / does am/is/are doing have/has done have/has been doing

did was/were doing had done

shall/will do shall/will be doing

would do

N 1 2 3 4 5

常用被动语态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在进行时

构成

N 6 7 8 9 10

常用被动语态 过去进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时 含有情态动词的

构成

am/is/are done was/were done shall/will be done should/would be done am/is/are being done

was/were being done have/has been done had been done

can/must/may be asked

时间轴

笔记区 ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
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教师:Kara

________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

巩固练习:
一、语法填空 1. —The food here is nice enough. —My friend ________ ( introduce) me a right place.

2.—What’s that noise?Is the water still running? —Oh,my God!I________( forget) to turn it off after I brushed my teeth. 3. She_______(work)on a new novel since this summer and it should be published at the beginning of 2018. 4. —Has Tom already finished his new story? —I have no idea. He________( write )it last month.

5. The employees________( advise )that they should renew their contracts within a week. 6. —Did you telephone Uncle Sam our plan for the Christmas holidays on his farm? —Yes, he was happy about our arrival, and he eagerly asked when we ____(arrive). 7. Unfortunately, when I got to her flat, she________(leave), so we had only a moment for a few words. 8. Mr Smith ______ (write)a book about China last year but I don’t know whether he has finished it. 9. He is very busy. I don’t know if he _____ (come)or not tomorrow. 10. The silence of the library _____ (break)only by the sound of pages being turned over.

二、语法知识与改错 1. They had probably heard some horrible stories and think we might do the same. _____________ 2. I was only four when she passes away. _____________ 3. Every Sunday morning, students from different schools and some foreigners often took part. _____________ 4. Whenever an English word comes into sight, the class would burst into cheers. _____________ 5. Mary is a high school student, who devoted herself to her lessons every day. _____________
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教师:Kara

三、单项选择 1. I ________ half of the English novel, and I’ll try to finish it at the weekend. A. read B. have read C. am reading D. will read 2. Dashan, who_________crosstalk, the Chinese comedic tradition, for decades, wants to mix it up with the Western stand-up tradition. A. will be learning A. didn’t see A.has made B. is learning B. haven’t seen B.had made C. had been learning C. hadn’t seen C.was making D. has been learning D. wouldn’t see D.is making 3. When walking down the street, I came across David, when I _____ for years. 4. In the last few years,China ___ great achievements in environmental protection. 5. —Did you have difficulty finding Ann'house? —Not really.She___us clear directions and we were able to find it.easily? A.was to give 6. —Is Peter coming? —No, he____ his mind after a phone call at the last minute. A. changes A. will have been A. will teach A. are being built A. worked 11. To my delight, I A. was chosen B. changed B. will be B. wo uld teach B. will be built B. has been working B. was being chosen C. was changing C. was C. has taught C. have been built C. had worked C. would choose D. had changed D. has been D. will be teaching D. had been built D. has worked D. had chosen 7. In my hometown, there is always a harvest supper for the farmers after all the wheat____ cut. 8. Jane can’t attend the meeting at 3 o’clock this afternoon because she ______ a class at that time. 9. More freeways _______in Sichuan soon to promote(促进) the local economy. 10. Mary ______ really hard on his book and thinks he’ll have finished it by Friday. from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. B.had given C.was giving D.would give

12. The re al reason why prices ____ , and still are, too high is complex, and no short discussion can satisfactorily explain this problem. A. were A. have left staring at me like that?" A. would look at B. looked at C. was looking at D. am looking at 15. As you go through this book, you ________ that each of the millions of people who lived through World War II had a different experience. A. will find B. found C. had found D. have found
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B. will be B. had left

C. have been C. would leave

D. had been D. was leaving

13. Just as I got to the school gate, I realised I ______ my book in the cafe. 14. He must have sensed that I ________ him. He suddenly glanced at me and said quietly, "Why are you

教师:Kara

课后强化练习
二、单项选择 1. Unless some extra money________, the theatre will be close. A. was found B. finds C. is found D. found 2. The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody _____them since. A. sees B. saw C. has seen D. had seen 3. --- What time is it? --- I have no idea. But just a minute, I ______ it for you. A. check B. checked C. will check D. would check 4. They made up their mind that they______ a new house once Larry changed jobs. A. bought B. would buy C. have bought D. had bought 5. ----Tony, why are your eyes red? ---I __ up peppers for the last five minutes. A. cut B. was cutting C. had cut D. have been cutting 6. The twins, Who______their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground. A. will finish B. finish C. have finished D. had finished 7. Whenever you a present, you should think about it from the receiver’s point ofview. A.bought B. have bought C. will buy D. buy 8. During the last three decades, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs ______sharply. A. was increasing B. has increased C. had increased D. will be increasing 9. Jima late night_____ film at home when, right in the middle of a thrilling scene, the television went blank. A. watched B. had watched C. was watching D. would be watching 10. I felt very tired when I got home.and I ________ straight to bed. A.go B.went C.had gone D.have gone 11. Hurry up,kids! The school bus ________ for us! A. waits B. was waiting C. waited D. is waiting 12. He was unhappy when he sold his guitar. After all,he________it for a very long time. A.has had B.had had C.has D.had 13. We are confident that the environment ________ by our further efforts to reduce pollution. A.had been improved B.will be improved C.is improved D.was improved 14. I didn't think I'd like the movie, but actually it ________ pretty good. A.has been B. was C.had been D.would be 15. —What about your self-drive trip yesterday? —Tiring!The road is being widened, and we ________ a rough ride. A.had B.have C.would have D.have had 16. —I don't understand why you didn't go to the lecture yesterday afternoon. —I'm so sorry. But I________ my homework. A.had done B. was doing C. would do D. am doing 17. —Could I use your car tomorrow morning? —Sure.I ________ a report at home. A.will be writing B.will have written C.have written D.have been writing
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