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1:英语作文中常用关联词: 并列关系: and, as well as, also, not only …but also, both …and, 递进关系: besides, in addition, moreover, what’s more,furthermore 1)I don't want to come out now, and besides, I must work. 我现在不想出去,而且我还得工作。 2)In addition to gene, intelligence also depends on an adequate diet,a good education and a decent home environment. 除了遗传基因外,智力的高低还取决于良好的营养,良好的教育和良好 的家庭环境 3)I don't like skating; moreover, the ice is too thin. 我不喜欢溜冰,而且冰也太薄。 "The price is too high, and moreover, the house isn't in a suitable position." "房价太高,而且房屋的地点也不太合适。" 转折关系: but, yet, however, although, otherwise/or, in spite of, despite, instead of, in the end… We'll go early, otherwise/or we may not get a seat. 我们得早一点去,不然就没有座位. I went out in spite of the rain. 尽管下雨我还是出去了。 In spite of great efforts we failed to carry our plans through.

"尽管我们作出了巨大努力,我们还是没能完成计划 In spite of/Despite the bad weather we enjoyed our holiday. 尽管天气不好,我们的假期仍过得很愉快 时间顺序: while, when, soon after, before, afterwards, finally, first, then, next, as soon as … 1)We saw the film and afterwards walked home together. 我们看了电影后一起走回了家。 2)Soon afterwards, the balloon began to descend and it landed near an airfield. 过了一会儿,气球开始降落,并且在一个机场附近着陆了 比较、对比:like, unlike, on the contrary, on the other hand…as…as.,the same as, such ..as 总结 : in a word, in general, in short, above all, after all, generally speaking… 进一步阐述: other words, that is to say, for example, for instance, such in as … 因果关系: as a result, so, thus, therefore…1)He sold his farm and thus he had enough money for his journey. 他卖掉了农场,这样他就有足够的钱旅行了。 因此;于是 2)There has been no rain — thus, the crops are drying. 天没下雨,因此庄稼要枯死了。

2:常用句式? 记 事? ① At first he didn't hear anything at all.? ② But then a sudden knock on the door woke him up.? ③ Following that came a man's voice, saying, "Come out, or I will break in!"? ④ Several minutes later, he heard someone leave.? ⑤ Finally he got up, opened the door and looked around.? 写 人? ① She is a girl of twelve years old.? ② She is tall and slim with big eyes and curly hair.? ③ Being kind and helpful, she always enjoys helping others out.? ④ In her spare time, she spends much time listening to music and reading novels.? ⑤ She gets on well with almost anyone and is always welcome wherever she goes. 6.. There is a boy crying outside. 介绍某地? ① Liaoning Province lies in the northeast of China.? ② It is rich in many kinds of natural resources, such as coal and petrol. ? ③ It has a population of 23 million.④ It is terribly cold in winter and

very hot in summer there.? ⑤ The people there are friendly and hardworking and their hospitality will never fail to give you a deep impression. 6. Our school covers 2.5 square miles. It lies in the north of the city.

The teaching building stands in the front of the school, on its left is

the administrative building, and on its right is a football field.

After walking across a small bridge we can see our dining-hall.

Four students’ dormitory buildings stand in line with a lot of trees

around them and a river running by. 通知用语? ① Attention, please!/ May I have your attention, please!? ② The sports meet to be held tomorrow is canceled due to the bad weather.? ③ A meeting is to be held in Room 203 at two o'clock tomorrow afternoon.?

④ Please take a pen and notebook with you and be there on time.? ⑤ That's all, thank you!? 写 信? ① Dear Tom, I'm very glad to receive your letter.? ② I am fine but very busy recently, learning English.? ③ I have been strictly following the advice given by you in your last

letter and have made some progress so far.? ④ Please remember me to your parents.? ⑤ Yours truly, Li Ming ? 议论和高级句型 ① In my opinion, I prefer traveling by train rather than by plane.? ② For one thing, a train ticket is much cheaper than a plane ticket.? ③ For another, you can enjoy the beautiful views outside the train window.? ④ Above all, it's safer traveling on a train than traveling in a plane.? ⑤ In a word, I will always travel by train if I'm not in a great hurry 6.I hold the view that we should wear school uniform all day. 7.From this passage we can draw a conclusion that drinking a lot is bad for

our health.

8.From this diagram we can infer/it can be inferred that in 2008 the number

of mobile phones will be twice as big as that now. 9. There are 95% of the students who think it is not useful to stay up to study

t night because the next day they will feel very tired. 10. The fact leads us to believe most of us do get a good result in the NMET this year. 11. I am not for /am against/ oppose/ don’t agree to /object to the idea of building a new highway because of the great cost. 12. What I want to emphasize is the fact that they are only children. 13. Being a senior III student, he will never let his parents down(使父母 失望). 14. Having finished his homework, he went to bed. 15. Running, biking and swimming are popular in summer. 16. It took us only five yuan to buy this pen. This pen just costs five yuan. I only spent five yuan on /(in ) buying this pen. I only paid five yuan for this pen.

17.Itis said/reported/considered/thought that the more pressure you have, the worse result you will get.

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。) 例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes

too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知 道...) 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won‘t create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

例句: reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide The us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...) 例句:So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...) 例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~ (愈... 愈...) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become. 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..) 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...) 例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了) 例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...) 例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college. 没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...) 例句: Since the examination is around the corner, I am to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。 compelled

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的) It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的) It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) 例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因) 例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don‘t like 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 it. in

二十一、 the past + 时间, + 现在完成式... For S (过去...年 一直...) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

来, ...


二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。 例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked


hard. 自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。) 例句:It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。 二十四、be based on (以...为基础) 例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony. 社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。

二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让...明白...事) 例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard. 我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。 二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关) 例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health. 做运动与健康息息相关。

二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V (养成...的习惯)

We should get into the habit of keeping good hours. 我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。

二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为...) 例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。 三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多 么...!) 例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise! How important a thing it is to keep our promise! 遵守诺言是多么重要的事!

三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意) 例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired. 我们的交通状况令人不满意。

三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对...有很大的影响) 例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health. 抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 三十三、do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对...有害) 例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。 Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。

三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对...造成一大威胁) 例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence. 污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。

三十五、do one‘s utmost to + V = do one‘s best (尽全力去...) 例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life. 我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标



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