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英语:中考复习课件——宾语从句


The Object Clause
中考英语专题复习

一、教学任务

复习宾语从句
二、重点和难点

1、由不同引导词引导的宾语从句
2、宾语从句中时态的变化

宾语从句是主从复合句的一种。主从复合句是 由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的。 主句是复合句的主体,从句仅仅是主句的一个 成分,它从属于主句,不能独立。从句在全句中 充当什么成分,就叫什么从句。宾语从句当中的 从句在全句中作宾语。 宾语从句是初中英语教材中重点语法之一,也是
中考一个考查热点。

一、宾语从句的概念
宾语从句属于名词性从句,在句中作主句的宾语。 eg. We know Mr Green teaches English. She asked if these answers were right. ?宾语从句是初中英语教材中重点语法之一,也是 ?中考一个考查热点。

二、宾语从句三要素
引导词(连接词)
语 序 时 态

由从属连词that引导的宾语从句
由连接代词 Who,whom,whose,which, what 和连接副词 where,how,why,when 引导的宾语从句 由从属连词 whether, if 引导的宾语从句

注:that 在句中无词汇意义,在从句中不能充当成分,
在口语当中往往省略

e.g.
he will be back in an hour (一小时后他会回来) 1. I hear (that) _______________________. he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. (他非常想念我们) the earth moves around the sun 3. The teacher told us (that) ___________________________.
(地球围着太阳转)

由从属连词whether, if 引导的宾语从句

e.g. if (whether) he will go to the park with us 1. I want to know __________________________________.
(他是否跟我们一起去公园)

(if) he can come . (他是否能来) 2. Ask him whether _____________________ whether it is going to rain or not (是否要下雨) 3. I don’t know ___________________________. 1.当句末为or not时,引导词只能用whether而不能用if. 2.在介词后面,引导词只能用whether而不能用if. 3.在动词不定式前,引导词只能用whether而不能用if.

由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句
who could answer the question 1. He asked __________________________. (谁能回答这个问题) whom they are waiting for (他们在等谁) 2. Do you know_________________________.
whose handwriting was the best in the class 3. He asked __________________________________.
(谁的书法是班上最好的)
※4.Please

when we’ll have a meeting (我们什么时候开会) tell me _______________________.

where he is 5. Can you tell me _______________. (他在哪儿) how I can get to the station (我该怎么去车站) 6. Could you tell me ______________________. 7. Would you tell me _________________ (为什么火车迟到了) why the train is late

2 . 语句的顺序

无论主句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都是 运用陈述句的语序,即是“主语在前,谓语在后” 的 顺序。
e.g Could you tell me how I can get to the Science Museum ? He asked him where he came from . Did you know what’s the name of the handsome boy in the classroom yesterday? Please tell me where I can buy the beautiful

flower .

3 . 时态的变化

?. 当主句是一般现在时,宾语从句的时态不作 限制,我们可以根据句子的意思来使用需要的任何
一种时态。 e.g Tom has been to Guilin twice . she will come tomorrow . I hear ( that ) Jim went to work an hour ago . he is interested in English .

?当主句是一般过去时的时候,宾语从句必须运用
相应的过去的某一种时态,从而达到主句和从句的 相互一致。 e.g he would go to Xi’an . he was ill yesterday . He said ( that ) he was reading a book . he had had supper already .

?当宾语从句说明的是客观存在的事实或者是客 观存在的真理时,就不用受到主句时态的限制,仍 是用一般现在时态。 e.g He said that the sun is much bigger than the moon . The teacher told the students that no news is good news . We should know what he said is only the truth .

I know that he is an exellent student .
The PE teacher said that doing morning exercise is useful to our health .

4 . 标点符号

宾语从句末尾的标点符号由主句决定,不受从句 的限制。如果主句是陈述句或者是祈使句时用句号; 而主句是疑问句时,句末则用问号。 e.g
He asked me if / whether I could help him .

Please tell me which colour you like best .
Do you know where Li Ping is ?

Could you tell me how I can go the No.28 Middle School ?
Would you please tell the teacher how old you are ?

5 . 宾语从句的否定形式
一般而言,宾语从句的否定式与一般句子的否 定式是一样的。但若主句谓语动词是 think , expect , believe , guess , imagine , suppose 等表示 “认为,猜想”的词时,一般要把宾语从句中的 否定式转移到主句中。

e.g I don’t think it’s going to rain .
I don’t believe she will lend you the money .

中考链接一:考查引导宾语从句的连接词
( C ) 1.There’s a red car parking in our neighborhood. Do you know ___ it is? ( A A What (2007重庆) B who C Whose D whom (2007江苏镇江)

) 2.I’m wondering____ Liu Xiang will have time to ______ the meeting. A whether,attend C whether, appear B that,attend D that,appear

( C ) 3.—Can you tell me____it is from here to the Summer Palace?—Let me see.It’s about fifteen minutes’ ride.(2006宜昌)
A how long B How soon C how far D how much

解题方法:先分析从句,看是否缺少成分,

然后根据句子的意思和连接词在从句中的 作用作出选择

中考链接二:考查宾语从句的时态
( A)1.—Where is Tom? Do you know? ---I think he_____ to the library. A has gone B goes C has been D went ( B ) 2.Tom said he ____ back in a week. (2007四川) (2007济南)

A will come B would come C come
( A ) 3.I don’t know if it ____ tomorrow.If it___,I’ll stay at home. A Will rain,rains B rains ,will rain C will rain ,will rain D rains,rains

解题方法:1.主句用一般现在时,宾语从句可以根据实 际情况选用各种时态。 2.主句用一般过去时,宾语从句要用与之相 对应的过去时态。(从句表示客观真理、自然现象时除 外)

Exercise: fill in the blanks

1. The radio says it _________ will be cloudy tomorrow. (be) goes well. 2. The headmaster hopes everything ______ (go) 3. Tom says that they ______________ were playing (play) basketball at six o’clock yesterday evening. 4. I hear they have ______________ returned (return) it already. 5. He said that they ___________ had been members of the Party since 1948. (be) 6. He asked what they _____________ were doing at eight last night. (do) 7. The teacher told his class that light _______ travels faster than sound. (travel) 8. I think you are ____________ talking about the murder now. (talk)

?

中考链接三 :考查宾语从句的语序(时态,连词,语序同时考查) .

( D ) 1.He asked me______ .

A.if she will come

B. how many books I want to have

C.They would help us do it D. what was wrong with me ( ) 2.---The summer holiday is coming .Have you decided__? C ---I’m planning to go Hawaii, the most wonderful place for water sports.

A.when you’re going to enjoy it
B. how often are you going to enjoy it c. where you’re going to enjoy it

解题方法: 一律为陈述句语序

注意:当从句的原句为以下句子以及 what, who作主语时,语序不变: What’s wrong? What’s the matter? What’s happening? What happeneed? eg:I don’t know what’s the matter. Can you tell me who is over there?

wrote the letter. 1. I didn’t know what time he _______

(write)
moves 2. Miss Wang told me that the earth ______(move)

round the earth.
has taken 3. Could you tell me who _________ away the book

already? (take)

4. Ling Feng told me he _________ has been to several times. (be)
rises in the 5. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______

east. (rise)
did yesterday? (do) 6. Can you tell me what they ______

将下列句子合并为一句:
1. Where do they stop on the way? I asked. I asked where they stopped on the way. 2. What will you speak at the meeting? Could you tell me? Could you tell me what you will speak at the meeting? 3. Do they like to make friends with us? He asked. He asked if they liked to make friends with them. 4. “ I am doing my homework.” He said.

He said that he was doing his homework.
5. “I will come back.” Tom said. Tom said that he would come back. 6. “Is he doing his homework?” Jim asked. Jim asked if he was doing his homework.

7. “When will he come back?” Tom asked.
Tom asked when he would come back.

8. “How can I get to the station?” Could you tell me?
Could you tell me how I can get to the station?

9. “Why is the train late?” Would you tell me?
Would you tell me why the train is late?

10. “Where is Tom?” They asked.
They asked where Tom was.

书面表达
? 下面是在某网页上发现的一篇文章,请根 据汉语提示写一篇英语短文:(尽可能用 宾语从句) ? 你相信人类在未来能够居住在火星上吗? ? 科学家们正尽力让这个梦变为现实。 ? 科学家们还不肯定能否在火星上生长植物。 ? 科学家们还认为对首批定居者来说重力也 是一个重要问题。 ? 而且一致认为到火星上的旅行是不舒服的。

全本小说http://www.shukeba.com/全本小说

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的、最坚实的物质基础,他们的形象就像一颗颗大树,深深地扎根于土壤,默默无闻地奉献一切,他们就是我们这个社会最底层的钢铁 脊梁!之后有一天,张钢铁在单位外面碰到了王希维,他正在往一处商品房内搬砖,便问道:“老王,这是你的房子,不错啊!”张钢 铁欣喜地想到,王希维苦归苦,还有自己的一套商品房,也算对得起自己了。王希维显得无可奈何地调侃道:“做梦吧,我还能买得起 这房子!能有家里的破房住住就不错了。老张,你也知道工作上我向来任劳任怨,领导叫干啥就干啥,从不讨价还价,诚诚恳恳地做好 本职工作。可任劳任怨地干到现在,起得比鸡早,睡得比狗晚,吃得比猪差,干得比驴多,住得像‘蜗居’。这几年厂里产量一年比一 年少,工资下降像退潮一样快,生活一天比一天差。现在最少时一个月才拿300多元钱, 现在300块钱与95年300块钱不可同日而语,连 过去的30块钱都不如,钞票在不断被稀释,购买力在不断缩水,我成了长跑运动员,和人民币赛跑、和CPI**赛跑。我的生活都快维持 不下去了,更别提有钱买房了。现在房价比火箭还快,贷款买房?到我孙子辈都还不完。唉!你知道,我们一大家子都靠我一个人挣钱, 如果厂子不行了我们可怎么办啊!我又没有什么本事,除了工资,只能打零工挣点钱来贴补家用。你说,一个好端端的啤酒厂怎么说不 行就不行了呢?” 王希维平常话不太多,今天遇到了知心老朋友,把憋了一肚子的话一股脑地都倒了出来,把张钢铁当作垃圾车一样倒 完才感到舒服了,时不时的倒出来几个时髦话语。只不过,嘴是暂时快活了,一大家子还要吃饭上学看病,钱还得脊背淌汗、拼了老命 去挣。 ** consumer price index消费物价指数:是反映与居民生活有关的产品及劳务价格统计出来的物价变动指标,通常作为观 察通货膨胀水平的重要指标。在绿溪这个小镇上,兄弟姐妹都在啤酒厂的比比皆是,一大家中有七八人在啤酒厂的也能找出不少,所以, 绿溪镇常有人调侃:啤酒厂是绿溪镇生命线,啤酒厂的兴衰能直接影响到绿溪镇粮油蔬菜的价格。张钢铁一时想不出合适的安慰话,只 得说了几句要照顾好身体和生活之类的客套话。提到生活,王希维又叹了口气,苦笑道:“老张,提到生活,马尾穿豆腐——甭提了。 挣钱好比针挑土,花钱叫人心惊肉跳。前几天,我到菜市场去买菜,问了几家,青菜都卖3.5块,我狠下心买了半斤,我给了2元钱,本 来卖菜的人应该找我0.25元钱。我说:‘还有二毛五分钱呢!’结果,卖菜的人像看外星人一样看着我,说:‘现在一元钱掉到地上都 没有人捡,十块钱算是零钱,二毛五分钱还算钱?’你说,二毛五分钱咋就不能是钱呢?过去,花开啤酒厂在当地是响当当的


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